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Korea: Geographic Features. Larry Zhang Cassie Eagle 2/3/14. Overview. North Korea Located in East Asia as the Northern segment of the Korean Peninsula Occupies area between the 37° and 43°N latitudes and the 124° and 131°E longitudes Covers 46,541 sq mi in land area South Korea

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korea geographic features

Korea: Geographic Features

Larry Zhang

Cassie Eagle

2/3/14

overview
Overview

North Korea

  • Located in East Asia as the Northern segment of the Korean Peninsula
  • Occupies area between the 37° and 43°N latitudes and the 124° and 131°E longitudes
  • Covers 46,541 sq mi in land area

South Korea

  • Also located in East Asia below North Korea, occupying the southern half of the Korean Peninsula
  • Occupies area between the 33° and 39°N latitudes and the 124° and 130°E longitudes
  • Covers 38,622 sq mi in land area
land features
Land Features

North Korea

  • Borders China and Russia to the north and South Korea to the south
  • Borders Yellow Sea and Korea Bay to the west and Sea of Japan to the east
  • Amnok (Yalu) River is the longest river, flowing over 491 miles
  • Baekdu Mountain is the highest point in North Korea
  • Almost 4/5 of the available land is classified as mountains and highlands divided by deep valleys
  • Major mountain ranges include the Hamgyongin the northeast, Rangrim in north-central, and the Kangnam
land features1
Land Features

South Korea

  • Borders North Korea to the north
  • Borders Yellow Sea to the west, Sea of Japan to the east, and East China Sea to the south
  • Major rivers are the Hatan, Imji, and Soyang Rivers
  • The land is mostly hills and mountains, with wide coastal plains in the western and southern areas
  • Mountainous regions occupy 70% of the land, with arable lowlands only composing 30%
  • Major mountain ranges include the Seroaksan, Saejae, and Mungyeong ranges
similar places
Similar Places

North Korea and South Korea

  • Geographically similar to Japan, which is also very mountainous in that only a small portion of the land, the ecumene, is habitable
  • Also share many features that are present in China, such as coastal plains and lowlands
  • North Korea, unlike South Korea, Japan, or Northern China, experiences very few earthquakes
38 th parallel
38th Parallel
  • The 38th parallel divides North and South Korea as two distinct, separate states
  • Heavily demilitarized zone that is about 150miles long and 1.2 miles wide on both sides
  • Both North Korean and South Korean troops monitor both sides strictly
  • Serves as a buffer between the Koreas
importance of location
Importance of Location

North Korea

  • North Korea is strategically located on the Northern half of the Korean Peninsula, bordering China, Russia and South Korea
  • Has access to resources such as those in the ocean where oil is present, allowing for primary economic activities

South Korea

  • Borders North Korea and has access to large bodies of water
  • Offshore economic zones are easily accessible to South Korea
  • Countries want to possess South Korea because it is in a prime location for trade and commerce
works cited
Works Cited

"North Korea." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 01 Feb. 2014. .

"South Korea." Central Intelligence Agency. Central Intelligence Agency, n.d. Web. 02 Feb. 2014. .

Fry, Michael. "National Geographic, Korea, and the 38th Parallel." National Geographic. National Geographic Society, 05 Aug. 2013. Web. 01 Feb. 2014. .

"Geography of South Korea." Princeton University. N.p., n.d. Web. 03 Feb. 2014. .

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