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Environmental Requirements for State Contracting. What’s Required for Connecticut Executive Branch State Agencies?. From this presentation you will learn:. EPP – what is it; why participate? The basics of Life-Cycle cost analysis What’s required by state statute? Recycled paper EPA CPGs

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environmental requirements for state contracting

Environmental Requirements for State Contracting

What’s Required for Connecticut Executive Branch State Agencies?

from this presentation you will learn
From this presentation you will learn:
  • EPP – what is it; why participate?
  • The basics of Life-Cycle cost analysis
  • What’s required by state statute?
    • Recycled paper
    • EPA CPGs
  • Additional Resources you can use
    • Energy Star
    • Green Seal
    • EPA Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines
what is environmentally preferable purchasing
What is Environmentally Preferable Purchasing?
  • AKA: Green Purchasing, Eco-Procurement, Sustainable Purchasing, Affirmative Purchasing
  • Purchasing practices that utilize your economic resources in a manner that conserves the sources of the commodities you buy
benefits of epp
Benefits of EPP
  • Reduce ghg emissions (Climate Change) and Acid Rain
  • Respond to Public Demand
  • Address Social Equity
  • Improve Air and Water Quality
  • Preserve and Restore Habitat
benefits of epp1
Benefits of EPP
  • Increase Waste Reduction, Reuse and Recycling
  • Save Energy
  • Conserve Water
  • Improve Employee Health
  • Reduce Environmental Liability
sustainability and good governance
Sustainability and Good Governance
  • “Embedded Climate Risk” has been identified as a serious danger to the long-term productivity of the global economy.
  • Beginning to greatly influence financial markets across the globe.
  • Dow Jones Sustainability Index
    • Economic, social, and environmental criteria
cgs 4a 67h epp defined
CGS § 4a-67h - EPP Defined

“…products, services or practices [that] have a lesser or reduced negative affect on human health and the environment when compared to competing products, services or practices that serve the same function.”

cgs 4a 67h amended by p a 04 252
CGS § 4a-67h Amendedby P.A. 04-252…
  • References to reducing Global Warming Impact
  • In accordance with CT’s Climate Change Action Plan
  • CTclimatechange.com
  • Monitor the use of EPPs by CT State Agencies
epp evaluates product lifecycle or cost effectiveness
EPP Evaluates Product Lifecycle (or cost-effectiveness)

“…taking into consideration the raw materials acquisition, production, manufacturing, packaging, distribution, reuse, operation, maintenance or disposal aspects of the product…”

life cycle cost analysis what is it
Life-Cycle Cost Analysis What is it?
  • State Statutes require the use of Life-Cycle Cost Analysis to justify product purchase
  • Addresses the issue of is “lowest cost” really costing the state the least?
  • Utilizes readily available information to determine how much a product actually costs the state to buy, run, and dispose of.
life cycle cost analysis the basics
Life-Cycle Cost AnalysisThe Basics

Life Cycle Cost =

Initial Cost + Usage Cost + Disposal Cost

That’s it!

executive branch state agencies what s required by ct state statutes
Executive Branch State Agencies – What’s required by CT State Statutes
  • 30% Post Consumer Waste, Recycled Content Paper
  • Recycled Content Products
what s required paper cgs 4a 67f
What’s Required Paper CGS § 4a-67f

“…the Commissioner of DAS shall revise the specifications for printing and writing paper purchased by the State to…incorporate the standards … provided for in federal Executive Order ...”

and it s not just copy paper
And, it’s not just copy paper…
  • Offset paper
  • Forms bond
  • File folders
  • Envelopes
  • Uncoated printing and writing papers
  • Book paper
reduce reuse recycle
Reduce, Reuse, Recycle

Paper Use Reduction Plan

If we don’t use it,

we don’t have to buy or dispose of it!

some paper use statistics
Some Paper Use Statistics
  • The average American office worker uses a sheet of paper every 12 minutes – a ream every 2 ½ working weeks.
  • The number of pages consumed in U.S. offices grows by about 20% each year.
  • The introduction of e-mail resulted in a 40% increase in paper consumption.
  • Per capita U.S. paper consumption is over 6 times greater than the world average. 25% greater than in Japan, the world’s 2nd largest consumer of paper.
why buy recycled paper
Why Buy Recycled Paper?
  • 1.2 million acres of U.S. forest is cleared every year
  • Pulp and paper mills produce approximately 245,000 metric tons of air pollutants/year
  • Paper manufacturing is the 5th largest industrial consumer of energy. Producing one ton of paper uses 98 tons of various resources.
  • Paper is the single largest component of municipal solid waste – about 38%!
why buy recycled paper1
Why Buy Recycled Paper?
  • Transportation – from forest to mill; from mill to company; from company to you.
  • Global warming – every stage of paper production, from the cutting of trees to disposal adds to greenhouse gas emissions.
  • It’s required!
determining program potential
Determining Program Potential

734 x 0.5* = 367

# reams used/month x # reams not eligible for duplexing = reams possible to 2-side

367 ÷ 2 = 183.5 reams possible to save by duplexing

*0.5 (50%) = 30% standard allowance for docs already 2-sided, 1-sided docs, and docs needed as 1-sided + 20% (DAS only) Print Shop allowance for docs already requested as 2-sided

program potential
Program Potential

183.5 reams possible to save by duplexing

x 2.33 cost/ream recycled content paper

$427.56 total cost for recycled paper

x .13 6% price increase for recycled/ream

$55.58 total extra cost for recycled

$427.56 – $55.58 = $371.98 DAS monthly savings potential from duplexing while buying recycled content paper


Applying a Paper Reduction Strategy in Your Office…Simply making an effort to duplex documents can save you money while protecting Natural Resources!

paper saving strategies
Paper-Saving Strategies
  • Decrease standard margin size to 0.75”
  • Use half-sheets
  • Edit on screen
  • Use “Print Preview” function
  • Reformat your document
paper saving strategies1
Paper-Saving Strategies
  • Copier Default to Duplex
  • PC Preferences to Duplex
  • Designate a “draft drawer” for paper used on one side
  • Use one-sided print for scratch pads
what s required recycled content products
What’s Required – Recycled Content Products

CGS § 4a-67a

“The Commissioner of DAS shall revise the specifications for products and materials purchased by the state for which the United States Environmental Protection Agency has guidelines for minimum recycled content to incorporate such minimum guidelines.”

epa comprehensive procurement guidelines cpgs
EPA Comprehensive Procurement Guidelines (CPGs)
  • First CPGs issued in 1995 in response to the Resource Conservation and Recovery Act (RCRA) requirement for federal procuring agencies to buy recycled content products.
  • CPGs updated every 2 years.
  • CPG research includes content as well as quality, availability, and cost.
what products have epa cpg specifications
Construction Products

Landscaping Products

Nonpaper Office Products

Paper and Paper Products

Park and Recreation Products

Transportation Products

Vehicular Products

Miscellaneous Products

What Products Have EPA CPG Specifications?
balance specific circumstances that may preclude the purchase of recycled content products
Balance… Specific circumstances that may preclude the purchase of recycled content products:
  • Price is unreasonable
  • Inadequate supply
  • Unreasonable delay
  • Product does not meet reasonable agency specifications
epa cpgs

Website with Specifications and Language available at:


energy star website
Energy Star Website


life-cycle cost analysis


interesting facts on energy use

epp products and services available on das state contracts
Recycled content copy paper and office supplies

Recycled content traffic cones

Re-manufactured ink cartridges

Re-refined oil products


Fluorescent lamp disposal

Printers, Copiers and PCs

Retread tires


Recycled antifreeze

And much more

EPP Products and Services Available on DAS State Contracts
helping you try something new
Helping You Try Something New

The EPP Program can assist you in greening your procurement activities by:

  • Identifying and researching environmentally preferable products and services
  • Establishing environmental specifications
  • Evaluating products
  • Providing education and training
thank you

Questions? Please submit any questions to:

DAS Procurement Services

DAS Environmentally Preferable Purchasing


E-mail to: WeServeYou.das@ct.gov