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Glossing - Lesson 5. Time and Verb Tense. Lesson 5A. Time indicators Usually appear at or near the beginning of an ASL sentence Specific time indicators Last year, 6-months ago General time indicators A little while ago In the past, will, shall. The sign WILL can include

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glossing lesson 5

Glossing - Lesson 5

Time and Verb Tense

lesson 5a
Lesson 5A
  • Time indicators
    • Usually appear at or near the beginning of an ASL sentence
    • Specific time indicators
      • Last year, 6-months ago
    • General time indicators
      • A little while ago
      • In the past, will, shall
  • The sign WILL can include
  • The sign RECENT can include
    • Just, a short time ago
lesson 5b
Lesson 5B
  • The “exceptions to the rule”
  • WILL, LATE, FINISH generally appear in conjunction with the verbor at the end of the sentence
  • These are less specific than lesson 5A
things to remember
Things to remember
  • FINISH
    • Have seen = or FINISH SEE
    • Had eaten = EAT FINISH or FINISH EAT
    • Done sleeping = SLEEP FINISH or FINISH SLEEP
    • Already cooked = COOK FINISH or
    • Finished talking = CONVERSE FINISH or
things to remember1
Things to remember
  • Some verbs indicate that an action happened in the past rather than emphasizing that the action is done.
  • Examples:
    • My son studied a lot!
      • MY SON STUDY MUCH, PAST (emphasis: )
      • PAST, MY SON STUDY MUCH (emphasis: )
    • I bought a car.
      • ME BUY CAR PAST
things to remember2
Things to remember
  • If you change the emphasis you change the sentence
    • My son studied a lot!
      • MY SON STUDY MUCH FINISH
    • I bought a car
      • ME BY CAR FINISH
      • ME FINISH BUY CAR
things to remember3
Things to remember
  • The sign LONG-AGO can indicate
    • A while back, in the past, there was a time, back when, used to
    • Appears at the beginning of a sentence or narrative
  • The signs NEVER and ALWAYS usually appear at the end of an ASL sentence
    • My sister always eats pizza
things to remember4
Things to remember
  • The sign LATER can appear wherever emphasis is needed
    • You must phone your teacher later.
    • LATER TELEPHONE YOURS TEACHER MUST YOU
    • Study now and watch the movie later.
    • The baby is asleep now. Later she will eat.
    • NOW BABY SLEEP EAT LATER WILL
things to remember5
Things to remember
  • The sign RECENT is signed at the beginning of the sentence or just before the verb
  • Examples:
    • I just went to the dentist.
    • I just ate the sandwich
    • SANDWICH RECENT EAT ME FINISH
things to remember6
Things to remember
  • Sometime time indicators are hidden in English sentences
  • Examples
    • My son went camping, once, and loved it.
    • PAST MY SON TENT HE LOVE
    • We used to eat meat, but not any more.
    • I’m gonna call you, I promise.
    • ME PHONE YOU WILL PROMISE
examples 5a
Examples 5A
  • We went shopping yesterday.
  • My family used to go camping.
  • I’ll study hard in three weeks.
examples 5b
Examples 5B
  • My brother will pay you back.
  • MY BROTHER PAY YOU AGAIN WILL
  • My brother paid you already.
    • MY BROTHER FINISH PAY YOU
  • My brother hasn’t paid you?
  • Q Q
  • MY BROTHER LATE PAY YOU