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G H G Towson University Greenhouse Gas Inventory and Climate Action Planning A Strategic Approach for Achieving Climate Neutrality March 4, 2009
Greenhouse Gas Inventory Getting Started – Baseline GHG Gas Inventory
Greenhouse Gas Inventory: An Important Tool What is a Greenhouse Gas (GHG) Inventory? A collection and quantification of gases emitted from an institution that are expected to contribute to global warming Benefits of a GHG Inventory for an Institution • Identify opportunities for emission reduction & energy savings • Data to Make More Informed Decisions • Manage Risk (regulatory, reputation, etc) • Respond to reporting requirements • Position Institution to participate in emerging carbon markets • Establish a baseline for carbon neutrality planning • Receive recognition for participation • Plan for upcoming mandatory GHG regulations
GHG Tracking What gases should be tracked? • Carbon Dioxide (CO2) 2. Methane (CH4) 3. Nitrous Oxide (N2O) 4. Certain Hydrofluorocarbons (HFC)
GHG Classifications – Concept of Scopes Three (3) scopes have been defined for GHG accounting and reporting purposes to help delineate direct & indirect emission sources, improve transparency, facilitate fair comparisons, & provide utility for different climate policies and goals What are the different Scopes?
Synthetic Fertilizer Organic Fertilizer Forestry Sources of GHG Emissions Purchased Electricity • Coal, Nuclear, Natural Gas, Oil, and Renewable Energy Stationary Sources • Central Boiler Plant Generation • Building Heating and Domestic Hot Water • Student, Faculty and Staff Commuter Trips • University Fleet Vehicles • Athletics, Recruitment, Faculty & Staff Travel Transportation • Central Cooling Systems • Rooftop & Window A/C Units Refrig. & Chemicals • Waste Sent to Landfill Solid Waste Agriculture
GHG Inventory Program Overview Data Calculation Process for each Category: Data Source Identification Formal Communication • Building Inventory • Student Population • Student Demographics • Department Leaders Data Delivery • Process Overview • Presidential Letter • Accountability • Education Sessions Greenhouse Gas Calculation Quality Assurance & Benchmarking • Community Involvement • Data Collection • Data Input • Source Documentation - Assumption Review - Anomaly Review • Conversion Factors • Calculations - CACP • Consumption/GSF • Benchmarking • Quality Assurance • Presentation AASHE Report
Facilities Grounds Operations Health and Safety Agriculture Fleet Admissions Accounts Payable Student Government Graduate Students / Interns Community Involvement Data Collection • Travel • Educational • Business • Athletics • Clubs • Other • Purchasing • Human Resources • Parking Authority
Data may be Managed by Various Departments Potential errors include: Double-counted data Missed data Poorly tracked and labeled data Misunderstood inventory objectives Strategies for Eliminating Errors Include: Identify department managers of relevant data Identify objectives and collection methodology Be clear and specific when requesting: Emission sources associated with data Beginning and ending date range associated with data Units the data should be presented in Allow time to conduct Quality Assurance Review Challenges Associated with Data Collection
Electricity Power plant electric make up – Contact electricity provider Travel Diesel bus estimate mpg Personal/fleet vehicle travel mpg Agriculture Weighted average calculation when using multiple types of fertilizers Waste Waste disposal – Contact waste disposal provider Landfilled Incinerated Methane Recovery/flaring Offsets Average carbon density of US forestland Average carbon density of Wetlands Commuter Travel – Students/Faculty/Staff Personal Vehicle Travel Students with campus parking passes and associated zip codes Public Transportation Contact public transportation for estimates Assumptions
Towson’s Carbon Footprint • University emitted86,390 metric tons of eCO2 in 2007 • 5.6 metric tons of eCO2 per student • 0.02 metric tons of eCO2 per gross square foot Main UniversityContributors: • 70% Energy – Purchased Electricity and Stationary Sources • 28% Transportation
Annual Reporting - AASHE Admissions - Customized data collection forms • CA-CP data entry, benchmarking, and quality control • AASHE Reporting CA-CP Calculator Human Resources Accounts Payable Facilities AASHE Online Reporting Tool Greenhouse Gas Inventory Department Data Collection Sheets
Climate Action Planning Taking Steps – Developing the Plan
Climate Action Planning – Key Elements Asset Inventory Asset Data OPTIMA Operations Planning Technical Inventory Management of Assets Deferred Needs Inspections Cycle Maintenance Priorities GHG Inventory - Baseline Deferred & Modernization Needs Energy Surveys /Assessments Campus Master Plans
Avoid Carbon Intensive Activities Avoid Improve efficiency of Processes & equipment Reduce Actions at the top of the hierarchy are more transformative and lasting in terms of reducing an Institutions emissions baseline Replace Replace high carbon energy sources with low carbon source Offset Offset those emissions that cannot Be eliminated by above actions Climate Action Planning How Carbon Neutrality is Best Achieved: The Carbon Management Hierarchy
Climate Action Planning – Process Overview Campus Assessment Planning Forecasting • Campus Master Plan • Deferred Needs Plan • System Modernization • Environmental Studies • Energy Assessments Mitigation Strategies • Campus Plan • GHG Inventory • CA-CP Calculator • Trajectory Action Planner Data Base • Energy • Commuter Travel • Fleet Travel • Waste • Off Sets Climate Action Plan • Category • Approach • Creative Finance • Financial Impact • Difficulty Rating • Prioritization - Milestones • Target Date • Educational Offerings • Management Data Base • Reporting • Implementation
GHG Emissions Trajectory – Business as Usual Community Involvement Conservation/ Optimization Green Building: New/Renovation Investment ENERGY ENERGY TRANSPORTATION
Planning and Managing Climate Action Plan Itemize, Categorize and Prioritize Calculate, Project and Invest Establish Milestones, Implement and Report
Climate Action Planning and Management Greenhouse Gas Inventory * Educational * Research * Community Service Inputs Outputs Campus Emission & Potential Reductions Mitigation Strategies Financial Impact or ROI Synergistic Measures Prioritization Projects Targets & Milestones CENTRALIZED REPORTING MODULE
Climate Action Planning Comments & Questions