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The Letter to the H E B R E W S Ronald B. Roark – Aug 2005. Jesus is the Son of God. Jesus is the High Priest. Jesus is the King of kings. Jesus is the Mediator of the New Covenant. Jesus is the Way. En 4019 V 1 of 73.

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The Letter to the H E B R E W S Ronald B. Roark – Aug 2005


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    1. The Letter to theH E B R E W SRonald B. Roark – Aug 2005 Jesus is the Son of God Jesus is the High Priest Jesus is the King of kings Jesus is the Mediator of the New Covenant Jesus is the Way En 4019 V 1 of 73

    2. H E B R E W Sprovides great insight into the realities ofwhat God has done to accomplish the redemption of humankind in, by and through Jesus Christ. J E S U S – the person –the way – the truth – the life En 4019 V 2 of 73

    3. - An invaluable treatise on the Law in relation to Christ. - The view of the relation of the gospel to the Law. The view of the office and work of Christ. It deals with the thoughts and trials of our own time. It transfigures each sorrow into an occasion for a larger hope – LOOK TO THE ASCENDED LORD. Difficulties will find their solution in fuller views of the person and work of Christ. The promise of the Lord awaits fulfillment in this present day, as it found fulfillment for them. En 4019 V 3 of 73 1,2,3 The Pulpit Commentary - 4,5,6,7 The Biblical Illustrator

    4. How the Authority of GOD Emanates to Us Today G O D In times past Heb. 1:1-2 N O W Eph. 3:3-5 Prophets Moses + Jude 1:3 JESUS CHRIST 2 Tim. 3:16-17 Jesus sent The Holy Spirit guided miraculously Apostles & Prophets John 14:15-18,25-26; 15:26-27; 16:5-15 inerrant revelation complete revelation LAW of MOSES NEW TESTAMENT For Israel FOR EVERYONE written word written word En 4019 V 4 of 73

    5. — I N A U T H O R I T Y — over the prophets over Abraham, Isaac, Jacob over Moses, Isaiah, Jeremiah, Elijah THE SUPERIORITY OF THE PERSON OF CHRIST over John the Baptist over any other prophet, alive or dead — over the angels over Michael, Gabriel, or any other angel Lesson 1 En 4019 V 5 of 73

    6. — I N A U T H O R I T Y — over the prophets KING OF KINGS AND LORD OF LORDS — over the angels — because of His Deity THE SUPERIORITY OF THE PERSON OF CHRIST — The rank and dignity of the Son — The Son compared to angels — The Rulership of the Son — the danger of neglecting what God has revealed to us through His Son Lesson 2 En 4019 V 6 of 73

    7. — because of His Humanity — The Son was made lower than the angels — He became a man. — He tasted death for everyone. — because of His Humility THE SUPERIORITY OF THE PERSON OF CHRIST — Jesus was made perfect through sufferings; He makes propitiation for the sins of the people. — He is not ashamed to call saved people His brethren Lesson 3 En 4019 V 7 of 73

    8. — over Moses in His Person / Work - Moses was faithful as a servant - Christ was faithful as a son Y o u b e f a i t h f u l : Hold fast … firm to the end. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE PERSON OF CHRIST Israel was an example of unbelief: They could not enter the promised rest There remains a rest for the people of God. Lesson 4 En 4019 V 8 of 73

    9. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WORK OF CHRIST — In the Position He holds - Hold fast — you have a compassionate HIGH PRIEST — In His Qualifications - The design of the priesthood. - Jesus is qualified to be a Priest. - Jesus is qualified to be the HIGH PRIEST Lesson 5 En 4019 V 9 of 73

    10. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WORK OF CHRIST — because of the Hope which He has promised to those who remain faithful • Admonition to study and use the Word of God. • Leave the basics to attain perfection • Danger of apostasy and • its fearful consequences • Have greater zeal with full assurance of hope: • The promise — • Hope is an anchor for the soul Lesson 6 En 4019 V 10 of 73

    11. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WORK OF CHRIST — in His Priestly Order The Order of Melchizedek is superior to the Order of Levi. The Levitical Priesthood and the Law were abrogated because they were insufficient. The Priesthood of Jesus Christ is: superior, unchangeable, ever-enduring. Proved by: - His Own pure and spotless character. - Perfection of the sin offering made by Christ. - The exalted sphere of His Ministry. Lesson 7 En 4019 V 11 of 73

    12. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WORK OF CHRIST — in His Priestly Order — in His Law which He gave to all — in His Tabernacle which He erected The New (True) Tabernacle is superior to The Old. — in His Ministry Lesson 7 En 4019 V 12 of 73

    13. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WORK OF CHRIST — in His Covenant Rejoice in the Lord always A B E T T E R M I N I S T R Y Love God with all of your heart, soul, mind Faith Love your neighbor as yourself Forgiveness Love your brother Fellowship Hope Love your enemies Compassion Established on Better Promises Lesson 8 En 4019 V 13 of 73

    14. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WORK OF CHRIST — in His Covenant A B E T T E R C O V E N A N T Peace G R A C E Sanctification SINS ARE FORGIVEN AND FORGOTTEN Justice M E R C Y Faith L O V E Fellowship Joy S A C R I F I C E Lesson 8 En 4019 V 14 of 73

    15. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WORK OF CHRIST This hope we have as an anchor of the soul — in His Covenant B E T T E R P R O M I S E S Old covenant faulty – party to covenant by physical birth (actual forgiveness not available for the faithful) – taken away (no longer valid as law) - New covenant faultless – party to covenant by spiritual birth (FORGIVENESS— NOW - to obedient / faithful) - Covenant abides forever - Lesson 8 En 4019 V 15 of 73

    16. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WORK OF CHRIST All spiritual blessings are in Christ. — in His Sanctuary COMPARISON The sanctuary, services, sacrifices of the OLD could not take away sin The church of God which He purchased with His own blood. The sanctuary, services, sacrifices of the NEW provide forgiveness of sin ACCEPTABLE SERVICES TO GOD He is the Savior of the body. Lesson 9 En 4019 V 16 of 73

    17. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WORK OF CHRIST Jesus offered one sacrifice for sins forever. — in His Sacrifice COMPARISON OLD – could not take away sin – sacrifices offered continually For it is not possible that the blood of bulls and goats could take away sin. NEW – Christ’s one sacrifice for sin takes away sin forever - – sacrifices for sin no longer needed So Christ was offered once to bear the sins of many … for salvation. Lesson 9 En 4019 V 17 of 73

    18. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WORK OF CHRIST Christ loved the church and gave Himself for it. — in His Priestly Service COMPARISON OLD – sacrifices of many types of animals - offered continually And every priest stands ministering daily and offering repeatedly the same sacrifices, which can never take away sins. NEW – Christ appeared once in the most holy place (heaven) in the presence of God to put away sin by the sacrifice of Himself. Lesson 9 En 4019 V 18 of 73

    19. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WORK OF CHRIST — in the Priestly Service which He requires of priests today PERFECT ION Therefore by Him let us continually offer the sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving thanks to His name. Let us go on to Every Christian is a priest in the Priesthood of Jesus Christ But do not forget to do good and to share, for with such sacrifices God is well pleased. Lesson 9 En 4019 V 19 of 73

    20. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WORK OF CHRIST - Now, the sacrifice of Christ, the new service of the Priests in the Priesthood of Jesus Christ and in the new / true sanctuary are the spiritual services. PERFECT ION Let us go on to The New Covenant demonstrates the higher, purer, and more perfect services of Christ: The all-sufficiency of the one offering of Christ to secure forgiveness for all mankind. Perfect High Priest — Perfect Sacrifice — Perfect Forgiveness Lesson 9 En 4019 V 20 of 73

    21. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WAY OF CHRIST — Christ is superior in the WAY OF LIFE He teaches and provides for all mankind. Therefore, brethren, having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus, by a new and living way which He consecrated for us, through the veil, that is, His flesh, and having a High Priest over the house of God, let us draw near with a true heart in full assurance of faith, having our hearts sprinkled from an evil conscience and our bodies washed with pure water. Let us hold fast the confession of our hope with-out wavering, for he who promised is faithful. Lesson 10 En 4019 V 21 of 73

    22. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WAY OF CHRIST – FAITH and OBEDIENCE FAITH is the substance of things hoped for, the evidence of things not seen. But before faith came, we were … kept for the faith … that we might bejustified by faith… For you are all sons of God through faith in Christ Jesus ... And if you are Christ’s, then you are Abraham’s seed, andheirs according to the promise. Was not Abraham our father justified by works … faith was working together with his works, and by works faith was made perfect … a man is justified by works, and not by faith only. Lesson 11 En 4019 V 22 of 73

    23. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WAY OF CHRIST – He is superior in the FAITH He requires and the OBEDIENCE which works with it. FAITH + OBEDIENCE the ELDERS obtained a good testimony — WE understand ABEL - offered to God a more excellent sacrifice ENOCH - he pleased God But without faith it is impossible to please Him, for he who comes to God must believe that He is, and that He is a rewarder of those who diligently seek Him. NOAH - prepared an ark God for the saving of his house Lesson 11 En 4019 V 23 of 73

    24. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WAY OF CHRIST – He is superior in the FAITH He requires and the OBEDIENCE which works with it. FAITH + OBEDIENCE ABRAHAM - obeyed: called to go out – offered Isaac SARAH - received strength to conceive seed: Isaac ISAAC - blessed Jacob and Esau: of things to come JACOB - blessed each of the sons of Joseph, worshiped JOSEPH - mentioned departure of Israel – take my bones MOSES - Chose to obey God rather than pleasures Lesson 11 En 4019 V 24 of 73

    25. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WAY OF CHRIST – He is superior in the FAITH He requires and the OBEDIENCE which works with it. FAITH + OBEDIENCE RAHAB - received spies – did not perish w/ unbelievers GIDEON - with 300 men conquered Midianites BARAK - with Deborah, conquered Jabin of Canaan SAMSON - destroyed Philistine enemies & Dagon, idol JEPHTHAH - called to lead – overcame Ammon, Ephraim DAVID - A man after God’s own heart – king, prophet Lesson 11 En 4019 V 25 of 73

    26. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WAY OF CHRIST – He is superior in the FAITH He requires and the OBEDIENCE which works with it. FAITH + OBEDIENCE SAMUEL - From child: servant of God, prophet, judge PROPHETS - “I have even sent to you all My servants, the prophets, daily rising up early and sending them.” - walls of Jericho fell down after circled for 7 days – subdued kingdoms, worked righteousness, obtained promises, stopped the mouths of lions, quenched the viol-ence of fire, escaped the edge of the sword, out of weak-ness were made strong, became valiant in battle, turned to flight the armies … Women received their dead raised to life again … obtain a better resurrection. In general Lesson 11 En 4019 V 26 of 73

    27. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WAY OF CHRIST SUMMARY of FAITH – The nature of FAITH – The necessity of FAITH – The province of FAITH – The sustaining power of FAITH – Examples of FAITH + FAITH OBEDIENCE Lesson 11 En 4019 V 27 of 73

    28. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WAY OF CHRIST – In running the race --- perseverance - Persevere in running the race - Throw off the sin which will defeat you - Consider those who were faithful – so great a cloud of witnesses - Consider Jesus • Endure afflictions patiently • – allow the Lord to chasten you • – look to the nature of the unending • kingdom and its privileges Lesson 12 En 4019 V 28 of 73

    29. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WAY OF CHRIST – in HIS BLOOD of sprinkling – the blood of Jesus – His sacrifice for our sins – is a focus of this study – blood was shed and then sprinkled on mercy seat for atonement. • the High Priest took the blood of the sacrifice • into the Most Holy Place where was the Ark of • the Covenant, with the mercy seat – God’s • presence was there – blood sprinkled there. • Jesus, our High Priest took the blood of the • sacrifice (His own blood) into the Most Holy • Place (heaven) - God’s presence was there – • He sprinkled His blood there for our sins. Lesson 12 En 4019 V 29 of 73

    30. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WAY OF CHRIST – in HIS UNSHAKEABLE KINGDOM - The Kingdom of Jesus Christ is unshakeable – every Christian should be unshakeable in his love and faith and service. • Renew your spiritual vitality – do not become • disheartened – look what you have and look • at what you will receive if you remain faithful. • Be a part of the general assembly and church • of the firstborn with God, Christ, the Holy • Spirit, the holy angels and all the redeemed • of the earth with its attendant blessings. Consider the POWER spoken of here. Lesson 12 En 4019 V 30 of 73

    31. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WAY OF CHRIST – in His Unchangeableness - God – the same: yesterday, today, tomorrow - God’s counsel – immutable – we have hope – God will do what He has promised – in the altar He provides for sacrificial service - The heart – out of the heart the mouth speaks - Singing and making melody in your heart to the Lord, giving thanks always for all things ... - …sacrifice of praise to God…the fruit of our lips – in His Blood of Sanctification - Sanctifies (makes holy, purifies) the sinner Lesson 13 En 4019 V 31 of 73

    32. THE SUPERIORITY OF THE WAY OF CHRIST – in His continuing city – Cities of the world appear - disappear – God has built a city: Abraham and others were looking for this city– apparent, for after this life – His kingdom cannot be destoyed – His city continues forever– The people of God live there – in the Sacrifices He requires of Priests in the Priesthood of Jesus Christ – Every person is able to offer the sacrifices that God has specified – through them, expressions of praise and thanksgiving are properly given to God– both God and man receive benefit. Lesson 13 En 4019 V 32 of 73

    33. W A R N I N G S • 1. Danger of Neglect • Danger of Unbelief • Danger of Not Maturing • Danger of Wavering/Forsaking • Danger of Drawing Back • Danger of Refusing God En 4019 V 33 of 73

    34. E X H O R T A T I O N S • 1. Hear and do what Christ has said • Be fruitful (consider Israel, Moses, Jesus) • Grow, bear fruit, be diligent • Do not sin willfully – fear judgment • Do not draw back – rather believe • Serve God acceptably with reverence and godly fear. En 4019 V 34 of 73

    35. P R I E S T L Y S A C R I F I C E Therefore by Him let us continually offer the sacrifice of praise to God, that is, the fruit of our lips, giving thanks to His name.13:15 o o o But do not forget to do good and to share, for with such sacrifices God is well pleased. 13:16 En 4019 V 35 of 73

    36. The Letter to theH E B R E W SRonald B. Roark – Aug 2005 J e s u s i s t h e W a y Research: Write an essay about each topic listed. Research: Write a one-page essay about Hebrews. Research: Write statements of scripture for 21 topics. Jesus became the author of eternal salvation to all who obey Him.5:9 En 4019 V 36 of 73

    37. T H E P R I E S T H O O D O F J E S U S C H R I S T • Every Christian is a Priest. Every Christian is a Priest The Sacrifices of the Old TestamentThe Priesthood of LeviThe Priesthood of Melchizedek We see Christ in the Sacrifices of the Old Testament We see Christ in the Sacrifices of the New Testament En 4019 V 37 of 73

    38. T H E P R I E S T H O O D O F J E S U S C H R I S T HOLY ROYAL UNCHANGEABLE EVERLASTING TO SERVE GOD TO SERVE PEOPLE Every Christian is a priest in the Priesthood of Christ. En 4019 V 38 of 73

    39. T H E P R I E S T H O O D O F L E V I “You shall anoint them … that they may minister to Me as priests; for their anointing shall surely be throughout their generations. an everlasting priesthood En 4019 V 39 of 73

    40. T H E P R I E S T H O O D O F L E V I Order established by God–Law of Moses Impossible today to serve as a priest T H E P R I E S T H O O D O F J E S U S C H R I S T Order established by God–Law of Christ Possible for anyone to serve as a priest En 4019 V 40 of 73

    41. This is the way you shall bless the children of Israel. Say to them:The Lord bless you and keep you The Lord make His face shine upon you and be gracious to you the Lord lift up His countenance upon you, and give you peace. So they shall put My name on the children of Israel, and I will bless them. En 4019 V 41 of 73

    42. I will put My laws into their heart having boldness to enter the Holiest by the blood of Jesus…a new and living way draw near with a true heart the just shall live by faith continually offer the sacrifice of praise to Godgiving thanks to His name with such sacrifices God is well pleased En 4019 V 42 of 73

    43. T H E P R I E S T H O O D O F M E L C H I Z E D E K Then Melchizedek he was the And he blessed him and said: “Blessed be Abram of God Most High … and blessed be God Most High … ” king of Salem priest of God Most High. En 4019 V 43 of 73

    44. T H E P R I E S T H O O D O F J E S U S C H R I S T You are My Son, today I have begotten You. according to the order of Melchizedek. You are a priest forever En 4019 V 44 of 73

    45. T H E P R I E S T H O O D O F J E S U S C H R I S T You also, as living stones, are being built up a spiritual house, to offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through Jesus Christ. a holy priesthood, En 4019 V 45 of 73

    46. T H E P R I E S T H O O D O F J E S U S C H R I S T living stones - a spiritual house CHRIST APOSTLES PROPHETS En 4019 V 46 of 73

    47. T H E P R I E S T H O O D O F J E S U S C H R I S T a holy priesthood most holy holy En 4019 V 47 of 73

    48. T H E P R I E S T H O O D O F J E S U S C H R I S T a holy priesthood BLOOD SPIRITUAL SACRIFICES CHURCH LIFE HEAVEN BAPTISM LIVING SACRIFICE–HOLY–ACCEPTABLE En 4019 V 48 of 73

    49. T H E P R I E S T H O O D O F J E S U S C H R I S T But you are a chosen generation a holy nation His own special people that you may proclaim the praises of him who called you out of darkness into His marvelous light … a royal priesthood En 4019 V 49 of 73

    50. T H E S A C R I F I C E S of the O L D T E S T A M E N T By Ken Marrs This is a brief look at The Sacrifices of The Old Testament to help us to understand those sacrifices and the Sacrifice of Jesus Christ on the cross for our sins. We see Christ in the sacrifices of the Old Testament. En 1010 V 50 of 73