PLOT, SETTING, and MOOD Unit 1
SETTING • Crucial to the overall meaning of a story • TIME and PLACE of a story • Writers create setting through the following: • Details that suggest time, year, season, or historical period • Descriptions of characters, buildings, weather, and landscapes
SETTING • What effect does the SETTING have in literature? • CREATES TENSION • INFLUENCES CHARACTER • HELPS CREATE MOOD • SERVES AS A SYMBOL
MOOD • What is mood? • FEELING • ATMOSPHERE • How is mood created? • USE of IMAGERY • CHOICE OF WORDS and DETAILS (especially setting details)
PLOT and STORY ANALYSIS • Most stories follow a PLOT, a series of scenes that traces a CONFLICT, or struggle between opposing forces • Conflict can be INTERNAL (psychological) or EXTERNAL (physical) • Most stories have a plot that follows expected stages….but not all fit into this framework
STAGES of a TYPICAL PLOT • EXPOSITION • RISING ACTION • CLIMAX • FALLING ACTION • RESOLUTION
EXPOSITION • Introduces the setting and characters • Establishes mood • May reveal the conflict or set the stage for it • Questions for Analysis: • What details establish the setting/create mood? • What kind of person is the main character? • What, if anything, is revealed about the conflict?
RISING ACTION • Complications arise as the main character struggles to resolve conflict • “The plot thickens” as suspense builds • Questions for Analysis: • What is the central conflict? • How do the characters respond to it? • How does the conflict become more complicated?
CLIMAX • Turning point in the story (greatest suspense) • Often, main character takes an action to clarify outcome of conflict • Questions for Analysis: • What decision or action has the main character made or taken? • What impact might this decision have on characters or conflict? • How might the conflict be resolved?
FALLING ACTION • Shows the results of the decision/action that happened at the climax • Tension eases as the conflict is resolved • Questions for Analysis: • What is the outcome of the main character’s decision or action? • What steps does the main character take to resolve the conflict?
RESOLUTION • Reveals the final outcome of the story • Ties up loose ends • Questions for Analysis: • How have the events and conflicts affected or changed the characters? • Through the resolution, what message might the writer be suggesting?