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Structuring Successful Learning Fall 2009

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  1. Structuring Successful LearningFall 2009 Modulating Psychometric Performance Variance Through Task Item Characteristics Presenter Michael Hardt What?

  2. Point of Reference Defining Prose Task Characteristics for Use in Computer-Adaptive Testing and Instruction. Mosenthal,(1998) American Educational Research Journal, 35, 269-307.

  3. Point of Reference Thank You!

  4. Point of Reference How Define Goal Define Group Overview Learning Structure Overview Question Structure

  5. Point of Reference Goal The goal of this presentation is to provide you with a structural overview of learning to which a universal metric for successful learning can be applied.

  6. Point of Reference How Define Goal Define Group Overview Learning Structure Overview Question Structure

  7. Point of Reference ? What did you learn yesterday?

  8. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Point of Reference Define Group Level of learning expectation for today: hopefully better than watching paint dry will achieve a new plane of consciousness

  9. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Point of Reference Define Group Level of experience teaching in the area of Essential Skills: on my way towards being a novice a guru in need of a mountain top

  10. 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 8 9 10 Point of Reference Define Group Disposition as a learner today: you had better be really, really good just call me “the super sponge”

  11. Point of Reference ? What do you want to learn today?

  12. Point of Reference How Define Goal Define Group Overview Learning Structure Overview Question Structure

  13. www.ted.com/talks/ (search Henry Markram) Learning Structure

  14. Learning Structure Elements of Structure

  15. Point of Reference

  16. Learning Structure ? How does the brain actually learn all the “stuff” we feed into it?

  17. PF C Learning Structure Science of Structure

  18. Learning Vision

  19. Brain Structure Back to F r on t brain from the top Left to Right

  20. Brain Structure Information (processing-based) Back to F r on t Knowledge (thinking-based)

  21. Brain Structure What is this brain doing? brain from the side Decoding PET Scan

  22. Brain Structure What is this brain doing? Hearing PET Scan

  23. Brain Structure What is this brain doing? Speaking PET Scan

  24. Brain Structure What is this brain doing? Dr. Michael O’Boyle images from Texas Tech. University School of Medicine, Department of Neurology Math PET Scan

  25. Brain Structure What is this brain doing? Thinking PET Scan

  26. Brain Structure http://www.nil.wustl.edu/labs/raichle/

  27. Learning Structure Structure of Learning Sensory Input Sensory Registry 1-4 Seconds Short-Term Memory 6-12 Seconds Retrieval Output Working Memory 7+/-2 Chunks Long-Term Memory

  28. Learning Structure Limited Capacity Processing Working Memory Sensory Input Sensory Registry 1-4 Seconds Short-Term Memory 6-12 Seconds Retrieval Output Working Memory 7+/-2 Chunks Long-Term Memory

  29. Learning Structure Limited Capacity Processing Pixelate Concept Working Memory Cognitive Carpet “everyone gets 100 square meters”

  30. Learning Structure Limited Capacity Processing Cognitive Carpet Working Memory Task Demands 24 Cognitive Units

  31. Learning Structure Limited Capacity Processing Cognitive Carpet Working Memory Task Demands 24 Cognitive Units

  32. Learning Structure Limited Capacity Processing Cognitive Carpet Working Memory Task Demands 24 Cognitive Units

  33. Learning Structure Learning Structure

  34. Learning Structure Limited Capacity Processing Working Memory Cognitive Carpet Task Demands 24 Cognitive Units

  35. Brain Structure Limited Capacity Processing Cognitive Carpet Working Memory Dr. Marcus Raichle images from Washington University School of Medicine Neuroimaging Lab

  36. Learning Structure Limited Capacity Processing Working Memory Cognitive Carpet “everyone gets 100 square meters” FORM FUNCTION

  37. Learning Structure Limited Capacity Processing Working Memory CONNECTION Type of Match Type of Requested Information FORM FUNCTION Type of Processing

  38. CONNECTIONS FORM PARTS FUNCTIONS

  39. Point of Reference How Define Goal Define Group Overview Learning Structure Overview Question Structure

  40. www.edugains.ca/newsite/literacy/literacyvideoclips.htm Question Structure

  41. Learning Structure Elements of Structure

  42. Question Structure Question Words WHICH HOW MUCH WHAT WHEN WHERE HOW WHO WHY

  43. Question Structure

  44. Point of Reference ? How do you currently scaffold questions?

  45. Types of Processing Typesof RequestedInformation Types of Match

  46. Point of Reference Difficulty Prediction Current Study: Educators (n=621) are asked to predict the five most difficult test items completed by their learners on a standard measure and explain why based on experience. Accuracy of educators predicting difficulty of questions? Mean:18% StdDev:14% (as of 09/09)

  47. Point of Reference Data View

  48. Point of Reference Difficulty Prediction Current Study: Educators (n=578) are asked to predict the five most difficult test items completed by their learners on a standard measure and explain why based on taxonomy. Accuracy of educators predicting difficulty of questions? Mean:82% StdDev:8% (as of 09/09)

  49. Types of Processing Typesof RequestedInformation Types of Match