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Digital Cameras. Menu settings & Controls Instructor: David King. Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls. Digital Camera Types Just as there are multiple type of Film Cameras there are various types of digital cameras and digital capture devices. Point and Shoot Cameras SLR-’Types’

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digital cameras

Digital Cameras

Menu settings & Controls

Instructor: David King

digital cameras menus and controls
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Digital Camera Types
    • Just as there are multiple type of Film Cameras there are various types of digital cameras and digital capture devices.
      • Point and Shoot Cameras
      • SLR-’Types’
      • DSLRs and Ragefinders
      • Digital Imaging ‘Backs’
      • Digital Scanning ‘Backs’

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls1
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • “Point and Shoot” Cameras
    • Usually are ‘auto-everything’ but mayallow focusing.
    • Small and Light, easy to carry
    • Generally are “range-finder” types
    • or may view strictly on the display monitor.
    • Often have ZoomLenses
    • Have smaller sizedimaging chips

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls2
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • “SLR-Type” Cameras
    • Frequently have all thecontrols of an SLRexcept for inter-changeable lenses.
    • Sometimes calledEVF or ZLR cameras.
    • Imaging chips are larger than P&S butsmaller than DSLR.
    • Are capable of verygood images.

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls3
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • “DSLR” Cameras
    • Digital Single LensReflex.
    • Use interchangeablelenses
    • Can be used in automode, programs, orfully manual.
    • Imaging chips are35mm sized or APSsized
    • Capable of proquality images.
    • 6-17 megapixelscurrently

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls4
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • “Digital Rangefinder” Cameras
    • Rangefinder Viewing
    • Use interchangeablelenses
    • Can be used in automode, programs, orfully manual.
    • Imaging chips arecurrently APSsized
    • Capable of proquality images.
    • 8-10 megapixelscurrently

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls5
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Digital Imaging Backs
    • Used with medium &Large Format cameras
    • Attach to back ofcamera and replacethe film back.
    • Chips are larger than35mm (36mm x 36mmup to 48mm x 48mm)
    • 16 to 39 Megapixels

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls6
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Digital Scanning Backs
    • Used with large format view cameras
    • They replace the ground glass back or are slipped in like a film holder
    • They are basically three-color scanners
    • They create huge files and are the equivalent of am 80 to 150 megapixel chip
    • They cannot be used for anything that is in motion

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls7
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Specialty Digital Cameras
    • For example…
    • The Seitz Digital Panoramic Camera
    • Has 160 Megapixels

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls8
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Digital Camera Menus Introduction
    • In addition to the exposure and focus controls found on film cameras, digital cameras offer menu settings that allow you to customize the way they acquire and handle an image file.
    • The actual layout of the menus and the labeling and sequencing of the functions vary from camera to camera. But there are a few that are very important to set correctly to maximize image quality.

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls9
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Digital Camera Menus Introduction
    • Some menu items are unique to a camera or model. But there are major menu items that are common to all DSLRs and some SLR-Type or upper end Point and Shoot models.
    • Generally there are three menus (or three main sections of one menu)
      • Set-Up
      • Shooting (or ‘Capture’)
      • Play Back (or ‘Display’)

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls10
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Set Up Menus
    • The important items to note are…
      • Date
      • Format (to Format the Memory Card)
        • Using camera or computer
      • Folders
      • Sensor Cleaning

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls11
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus
    • The number and type of selections and labeling of the shooting menu will vary a little from one brand and model to the next.
    • We will look at the important ones for getting started capturing good quality image files.
    • You will need to follow along with your manual to “translate” to fit your particular camera.

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls12
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • ISO
      • Exactly like the ISO for film, this adjusts the sensitivity of the sensor to light
      • It uses the same scale as film. Higher numbers mean more sensitivity (which requires less light for exposure.
      • Generally set your camera to the lowest number and adjust when light availability requires it.

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls13
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • Resolution/Quality/Size
      • Most DSLRs allow you to save in at least two file formats and several resolutions.
        • JPEG
          • Basic (Most compression, smallest file)
          • Normal (Medium compression)
          • Fine (Least compression, larger file)
        • TIFF (Uncompressed, largest file)
        • RAW (Mostly unprocessed file)

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls14
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • Resolution/Quality/Size
      • Most DSLRs allow you to save in at least two file formats and several resolutions.
        • Full Size (Full pixel dimension)
        • 1 or 2 smaller sizes
      • Some offer more than one Resolution or Compression ratio
        • High or Low Quality (Resolution)
        • Icons are sometimesused

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls15
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • Contrast
    • Contrast setting controls how the chip will record the range of tones in the scene.

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls16
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • Contrast
    • Contrast setting controls how the chip will record the range of tones in the scene.
    • You will need to experiment with your own camera to find the best setting. However…
    • Start out with a setting of -1 to create a file with the most data to edit

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls17
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • Saturation
    • Saturation setting controls how the chip will record the colors in the scene.

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls18
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • Saturation
    • You will need to experiment with your own camera to find the best setting. However…
    • Start out with a setting of 0 (Zero) and then you can adjust to taste.

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls19
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • Sharpening
    • Sharpening controls how the chip will record the edges and lines in the scene.

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls20
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • Sharpening
    • For most cameras start out with a setting of 0 (Zero) or No Sharpening
    • For Canon cameras start out with a setting of +1

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls21
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • White Balance
    • White Balancing sets the “Color Temp-erature” for the sensor.
    • We’ll have a class on color… but for now the bottom line is…

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls22
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • White Balance
    • To be ‘color balanced’ means the color temperature of the light source and of the medium (film or chip) are the same.
    • Digital Cameras have several pre-defined white balanced settings:
      • Auto
      • Daylight
      • Tungsten
      • Shade
      • Flash
      • Flourescent

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls23
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • Metering
    • Most DSLRs allow for various metering types including
      • Overall / Averaging
      • Matrix
      • Center Weighted
      • Spot
    • Remember: The meter thinks it is looking at Middle Gray!!!!

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls24
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • Other Menu Settings
    • Other Menu Settings May include…
      • Flash Setting
      • Noise Reduction
      • AE/AF Lock
      • Self Timer
      • Bracketing
      • Exposure Compensation
      • Custom Parameters / User Settings

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls25
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls
  • Shooting Menus: Settings
    • Other Menu Settings
    • Non DSLRs might also have…
      • Zoom Speed
      • Focus Assist

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu

digital cameras menus and controls26
Digital Cameras: Menus and Controls

QUESTIONS?

Instructor: David King dking@sdccd.edu