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Three often-abused drugs that can have serious physical and mental side effects are marijuana, inhalants, and anabolic steroids. marijuana paranoia inhalants anabolic-androgenic steroids. Marijuana. Using marijuana has serious physical, mental, social, and legal consequences.

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Presentation Transcript
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Three often-abused drugs that can have serious physical and mental side effects are marijuana, inhalants, and anabolic steroids.

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marijuana

  • paranoia
  • inhalants
  • anabolic-androgenic steroids
marijuana
Marijuana
  • Using marijuana has serious physical, mental, social, and legal consequences.
  • Marijuana is one of the most widely used illegal drugs.
marijuana1
Marijuana
  • Hashish, or hash, is a stronger form of marijuana.

Marijuana

A plant whose leaves, buds, and flowers are usually smoked for their intoxicating effects

marijuana2
Marijuana
  • Marijuana is considered a possible gateway drug, a drug that may lead the user to try other, more dangerous drugs.
  • Studies have shown that a teen who uses marijuana is 15 times more likely to use cocaine than a teen who has never used marijuana.
marijuana3
Marijuana
  • The effects of marijuana use vary from person to person, and can be influenced by a person’s mood and surroundings.
marijuana4
Marijuana

Health Risks of Marijuana

Hallucinations and paranoia

Lung irritation, coughing

Impaired short-term memory, reaction time, concentration, and coordination

Heart and lung damage

Decreased initiative and ambition

Increased risk of lung cancer

Bloodshot eyes, dry mouth

Weakened immunity to infection

marijuana5
Marijuana

Health Risks of Marijuana

Increased appetite

In females, risk of infertility

Increased risk of stillbirth and birth defects

In males, lowered sperm count and testosterone levels

Changed hormone levels

physical consequences of marijuana use
Physical Consequences of Marijuana Use
  • Because marijuana is often smoked, users face the same health risks as tobacco smokers.
  • Marijuana smoke contains more cancer-causing chemicals than tobacco smoke.
physical consequences of marijuana use1
Physical Consequences of Marijuana Use

Respiratory System

Users often inhale the unfiltered smoke.

Immune System

Users may be more susceptible to infections.

Reproductive System

Users’ hormone levels are affected.

physical consequences of marijuana use2
Physical Consequences of Marijuana Use
  • THC, the main psychoactive ingredient in marijuana, is stored in body fat and traces of it can be present in the blood for as long as a month.
mental and emotional consequences
Mental and Emotional Consequences
  • Marijuana raises levels of a brain chemical called dopamine that produces a pleasurable feeling called a “high.”
  • When the drug wears off, the pleasure sensation stops, often dramatically. This abrupt letdown is called a “crash.”
mental and emotional consequences1
Mental and Emotional Consequences
  • Marijuana users can experience slow mental reflexes and may suffer from sudden feelings of anxiety andparanoia.

Paranoia

An irrational suspiciousness or distrust of others

mental and emotional consequences2
Mental and Emotional Consequences

Mental and Emotional Consequences of Marijuana

dizziness

distorted perception

trouble walking

loss of coordination

impaired memory

trouble with thinking

sleepiness

driving and marijuana use
Driving and Marijuana Use
  • Driving under the influence of marijuana is dangerous and illegal.
  • It is dangerous because marijuana interferes with depth perception, increases reaction time, causes sleepiness, impairs judgment, and slows reflexes.
inhalants
Inhalants
  • Inhalants can cause the death of brain cells.
  • All inhalants are extremely dangerous, and some are labeled as poisons.
inhalants1
Inhalants
  • Some inhalants are prescribed by doctors, while others are inhaled to achieve a high.

Inhalants

Substances whose fumes are sniffed or inhaled to give effect

inhalants2
Inhalants

liver and kidney damage

blindness

Inhaling solvents, aerosols, glues, paints, varnishes, and gasoline can cause

brain damage

paralysis

cardiac arrest

death

inhalants3
Inhalants

Immediate Effects of Inhalants

glassy stare

coughing

slurred speech

nosebleeds

impaired judgment

fatigue

nausea

lack of coordination

inhalants4
Inhalants
  • Inhalants can be accidentally inhaled when doing household chores.
  • When using inhalants, work in a well-ventilated room and wear a mask if a project requires long exposure to the fumes.
consequences of steroid use
Consequences of Steroid Use
  • Steroids can cause severe health problems.
  • Athletes who use steroids can face expulsion from a team or event, monetary fines, tarnished reputation, and jail time.
consequences of steroid use1
Consequences of Steroid Use
  • The use ofanabolic-androgenic steroidscan result in unnatural muscle growth.

Anabolic-androgenic steroids

Synthetic substances similar to male sex hormones

consequences of steroid use2
Consequences of Steroid Use
  • Anabolic refers to muscle building.
  • Androgenic refers to increased male characteristics.
consequences of steroid use3
Consequences of Steroid Use

Side Effects of Steroid Use

weak tendons and ligaments

HIV or hepatitis B

weight gain

violent behavior

acne

extreme mood swings

high blood pressure

depression

liver and kidney tumors

paranoia

consequences of steroid use4
Consequences of Steroid Use

Effects on Males

Shrinking testicles, reduced sperm count, baldness, development of breasts, increased risk of prostate cancer

Effects on Females

Facial hair, baldness, menstrual cycle changes, a deepened voice

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After You ReadReviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  • What body systems are harmed by smoking marijuana?
  • The respiratory, immune, nervous, and reproductive systems
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After You ReadReviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  • What are inhalants?
  • Substances whose fumes are sniffed or inhaled to give a mind-altering effect
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After You ReadReviewing Facts and Vocabulary

  • Why does using steroids for increasing muscle strength often result in injury?
  • Although steroids can increase muscle strength, the associated tendons and ligaments do not get stronger.