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By: Mackenzie, Anya and Bailey!. Impulse Control Disorders. Intermittent Explosive Disorder.

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By mackenzie anya and bailey

By: Mackenzie, Anya and Bailey!

Impulse Control Disorders

Intermittent explosive disorder
Intermittent Explosive Disorder

  • Definition: the inability to control violent impulses. It can be difficult to identify this disorder because it is often confused with bad temper or behaviour.

  • Causes:

  • Too much testosterone

  • Childhood exposure to illegal substances

  • Head trauma, seizures, brain


  • Grown up with unstable family

  • No role model in early life

  • Low self-esteem, insecurity


  • Can last 10-20 mins

  • Repeated, unpredictable episodes

  • No sign of aggression between episodes

  • Injuries and destruction of property

  • Irritable, increased anger, rage, tingling, chest tightness, headache


  • Medication and/or individual/group therapy

  • Cognitive behaviour therapy

  • Medications: antidepressants, anticonvulsants, anti-anxiety agents, mood regulators


  • Definition: the inability to resist the urge to steal things, although the items they steal have no personal gain. It is quite rare, and should not be confused with shop lifting.


  • Possible genetic component

  • Depression, mood disorders, obsessive

    compulsive disorder (OCD) are often present

    as well

  • Most cases occur in females

  • Large amounts of stress can trigger an


  • Symptoms:

  • Urges to steal

  • Increased tension leading up to theft, pleasure while stealing, guilt and shame afterwards

  • Uncomfortably anxious, tense, or aroused

  • Spontaneous

  • Things like arguments can trigger an episode

  • Can show a fetish (stealing the same kind of thing)

  • Treatments/Therapies:

  • medications including; antidepressants, mood stabilizers,

    benzodiazepines, anti-seizure medications, addiction


  • spsychotherapy: cognitive behaviour therapy,

    covert sensitization, aversion therapy, systematic


Pathological gambling
Pathological Gambling

  • Definition: an uncontrollable urge to gamble. It

  • destroys relationships, causes financial problems,

  • or can cause problems with the law, the individual

  • can not stop.

  • Causes:

  • Highly competitive

  • Problems with brain’s serotonin, norepinephrine and dopamine

  • Believe they have control over the situation, which relieves their stress

  • May have a genetic component

  • Majority of cases of pathological gambling occur in white males

  • Symptoms:

  • Can be more serious during stress or depression

  • preoccupied with gambling and getting money

  • Usually about the excitement

  • taking time from work/family

  • feel remorse afterwards

  • borrow or steal money

  • Lying


  • medications include: antidepressants, mood stabilizers, narcotic antagonists

  • Psychotherapy: cognitive behaviour therapy, group therapy


  • Definition: uncontrollable impulse to set fires repeatedly with no motive.

  • Causes:

  • Feels repressed by authority, but seeks attention

  • May have been neglected

  • Stressful events can trigger an episode

  • Can have bad social skills, and poor relationships, if any

  • Symptoms:

  • deliberate fire setting (more than


  • interest or attraction to fire

  • Tension or excitement prior to incident

  • pleasure/relief after or when setting fire


  • treatment isn't found to work very well, and there aren't many approaches

  • medications: serotonin reuptake inhibitors

  • psychotherapy: behaviour modification


  • Definition: the uncontrollable desire to pluck hair from their body. This can be the hair on their head, but also can include the eyebrows, eyelashes, and other body hair. This can results in complete hair loss.

  • Causes:

  • Mutations in a gene

  • Childhood abuse - including sexual,

    physical, or emotional

  • May be a learned disorder

  • Stressful situations could trigger an episode

  • Symptoms:

  • patchy/bald areas (head, eye lashes, eyebrows, etc)

  • chewing/eating/playing with pulled out hair

  • rubbing pulled out hair across lips or face

  • sometimes use tools (tweezers, etc)

  • Can be intentional or unintentional


  • medications: antidepressents

  • psychotherapy: cognitive behaviour therapy,

    acceptance and commitment therapy (ACT)