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Plant Identification

Plant Identification

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Plant Identification

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  1. Plant Identification

  2. Abelia X grandiflora • COMMON NAME: Glossy Abelia • SIZE: 4-6 feet tall, 3-5 feet wide • FORM: Semiglobal, fine texture • FOLIAGE: Summer=dark green, fall and winter=bronze-green to bronze-red and bronze-purple • FLOWERS: funnel shaped, white with a hint of pink, slightly fragrant

  3. Abelia X grandiflora

  4. Acer rubrum • COMMON NAME: Red Maple • SIZE: 60-75 feet tall • FORM: ovoid or rounded crown, develops ascending branches • FOLIAGE: leaves opposite, simple, 5-10 cm long and wide, usually 3-lobed but often 5, medium to dark green • FLOWERS: red • FRUIT: samara

  5. Acer rubrum Growth habit in winter and summer

  6. Acer rubrum Fall foliage color

  7. Aracaria heterophylla • COMMON NAME: Norfolk Island Pine • SIZE: 2-6 feet tall, 1-4 feet wide • FOLIAGE: needle-like, spirally arranged, to 1 ½” long, drooping branches with age • FLOWERS: cones, not seen in indoor cultivation

  8. Aracaria heterophylla

  9. Berberis thumbergii • COMMON NAME: Japanese Barberry • FORM: 3 to 6 feet tall, slightly wider than tall, very twiggy • FOLIAGE: ovate shape, significantly wider at the tip than at the base, 0.5 to 1.25 inches long, 0.25-0.5 inches wide • FRUIT: bright red berries that color in October

  10. Berberis thumbergii

  11. Berberis thumbergii Summer foliage

  12. Berberis thumbergii Small, but slightly showy flowers

  13. Berberis thumbergii Showy fall and winter berries

  14. Betula nigra • COMMON NAME: River Birch • FORM: medium sized tree, 50 to 70 feet tall or taller, oval or pyramidal • FOLIAGE: lustrous medium or dark green, alternate, simple leaves, doubly serrate margin, diamond shaped leaves • FLOWERS: flowers are catkins • BARK: showy exfoliating bark

  15. Betula nigra

  16. Betula nigra Diamond-shaped, doubly serrate leaves

  17. Betula nigra Showy, exfoliating bark

  18. Cercis canadensis • COMMON NAME: Eastern Red Bud • FORM: a small, deciduous tree, 20 to 30 feet tall, 25 to 35 feet wide, shape is rounded to broad and flat-topped • FOLIAGE: wide, heart-shaped leaves, 3” to 5” long and wide • FLOWERS: small, purplish-pink pea-like flowers, numerous and appear before the foliage

  19. Cercis canadensis

  20. Cercis canadensis

  21. Cercis canadensis

  22. Chlorophytum comosum • COMMON NAME: Spider plant • FOLIAGE: arching leaves with cascading wiry stems • FLOWERS: small white flowers • ID FEATURE: many times will contain tiny plantlets at the apex of leaves

  23. Chlorophytum comosum

  24. Cornus florida • COMMON NAME: Flowering Dogwood • FORM: a small deciduous tree, grows to about 30 feet tall with an equal or greater spread • FOLIAGE: oval to ovate shape, 3” to 6” long, 1.5” to 3” wide, medium green • FLOWERS: small and yellowish-green with four showy white bracts

  25. Cornus florida

  26. Cornus florida

  27. Cornus florida Actual flower is yellowish-green center surrounded by four white bracts

  28. X Cupressocyparis leylandii • COMMON NAME: Leyland cypress • FORM: narrow-leaved evergreen, 65 ft spread, and 12 ft height, columnar form • FOLIAGE: small needle like leaves, ends of branches tend to twist • FRUIT: round, small cone, ½ to ¾” diameter, brown, rarely found

  29. X Cupressocyparis leylandii

  30. X Cupressocyparis leylandii

  31. X Cupressocyparis leylandii

  32. Dieffenbachia maculata • COMMON NAME: Dumbcane • FORM: erect herb less than 1 meter tall • FOLIAGE: petiolate, petiole up to 30 cm long, grooved and winged from the base to beyond the halfway point, surface patterned with many irregular yellowish or cream-green splotches

  33. Dieffenbachia maculata

  34. Dieffenbachia maculata

  35. Euonymous alata • COMMON NAME: Winged Euonymous • FORM: deciduous shrub, 15-20’ tall with an equal spread • FOLIAGE: simple, elliptic leaves, 1” to 3” long with fine sharp leaf serrations, dark green leaf color • BARK: long corky wings on stems

  36. Euonymous alata

  37. Euonymous alata

  38. Euonymous alata

  39. Euonymous alata Stems have corky wings

  40. Euonymous japonica • COMMON NAME: Evergreen Euonymous • FORM: evergreen bush to 10 feet tall with a 6 feet spread

  41. Euonymous japonica

  42. Euphorbia pulcherrima • COMMON NAME: Poinsettia • FORM: shrub • FOLIAGE: large alternate leaves with or without teeth on the margin • FLOWER: cup-shaped flowers in a cluster above the showy red, pink, or creamy leaf bracts with a large yellow gland on the rim of the flower

  43. Euphorbia pulcherrima

  44. Euphorbia pulcherrima Red petals are actually bracts, not flowers.

  45. Ficus benjamina • COMMON NAME: Weeping fig • FORM: evergreen shrub or tree with drooping branches • FOLIAGE: leaves alternate, simple, long-tipped, glossy • FLOWERS & FRUIT: enclosed in a fleshy sac turning from green to orange-red and then purplish-black

  46. Ficus benjamina

  47. Ficus elastica • COMMON NAME: rubber plant • FORM: straight growing central-stemmed plant • FOLIAGE: dark green oval-oblong leaves up to 15 inches long, grow at a 45 degree angle from the main stem

  48. Ficus elastica

  49. Forsythia X intermedia • COMMON NAME: Border forsythia • FORM: a deciduous shrub 8 to 10 feet tall and 10 to 12 feet wide • FOLIAGE: opposite, ovate to lanceolate leaves, toothed margins, 3” to 5” long and 0.5” to 1” wide, medium to dark green color above and lighter on underside • FLOWERS: brilliant yellow color

  50. Forsythia X intermedia