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“ RPAS for European Border Surveillance”. Piotr MALINOWSKI Zdravko KOLEV FRONTEX. JRC UNOSAT - Unmanned Aerial Systems for Rapid Mapping Geneva, Switzerland. O UTLINE. Frontex mission Development of a EUROSUR Challenges for European border surveillance Possible roles for RPAS

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rpas for european border surveillance

“RPAS for European Border Surveillance”

Piotr MALINOWSKI

Zdravko KOLEV

FRONTEX

JRC UNOSAT - Unmanned Aerial Systems for Rapid Mapping

Geneva, Switzerland

o utline
OUTLINE
  • Frontex mission
  • Development of a EUROSUR
  • Challenges for European border surveillance
  • Possible roles for RPAS
  • Conclusions
frontex
FRONTEX
  • EU agency – ”to coordinate activities related to border management”
  • Independant legal body with management board of MS ’border chiefs’
  • 298 staff and growing
  • Operational in Warsaw since Oct. 05
  • Council Regulation (EC) 2007/2004/ (26.10.2004, OJ L 349/25.11.2004)
  • Mission

”While considering that the responsibility for the control and surveillance of external borders lies with the Member States, the Agency shall facilitate and render more effective the application of existing and future Community measures relating to the management of external borders.”

“…contributing to an efficient, high and uniform level of control on persons and surveillance of the external borders…”

frontex research and development

Input from Research

and Technology

Potential Capabilities

Research

Community

FRONTEX R&D

Assessment

and translation

Border Guards

MS Authorities

Commission

User needs

EU Research Programmes

User Needs

Requirements

Frontex Research and Development

Mission“Follow up on developments in research relevant for the control and surveillance of external borders and disseminate this information to the Commission and the Member States.”

LINK BETWEEN RESEARCHERS AND USERS AND INDUSTRY

end user needs
END-USER NEEDS
  • Platforms and sensors for the collection of data and information
  • 24/7 all weather surveillance border and pre-frontier
  • Platforms and sensors to facilitate interception
  • Systems to exchange information
  • Systems to exploit the information and react quickly to evolving threats

All the above: Affordable and Integrable

slide7
Current main challenge: Detection & tracking of small boats, used for cross-border crime & irregular migration
  • 241 search and rescue cases and 23,192 lives saved from
  • Frontex coordinated assets were involved in saving 64 persons per day.
slide8

EUROSUR

  • SYSTEM OF SYSTEMS TO PROVIDE SITUATIONAL AWARENESS OF BORDER AREAS –
  • DG JLS/HOME Communication in Feb 2008, Roadmap with 3 phases and 8 steps
  • Legislative Proposal by Dec11 aiming to make EUROSUR operational in 2013 - COM(2011) 873 final, 12/12/2011: EUROSUR regulation proposal
  • National Coordination Centre (NCC)
  • All relevant authorities
  • National Situational Picture
  • Reaction capability
  • Frontex
  • Common surveillance means
  • European Situational Picture (ESP)
  • Common Pre-frontier Intelligence Picture (CPIP)

Node

Node

Node

Node

Node

Node

Node

eurosur the network project
EUROSUR The Network project

NCC Local

System

…to create a persistent connection

between a number of National Coordination Centresof IT, FI, FR, PL, SP, SL and Frontex,

using a fully extensible information sharing system,

which supports secure „information trade‟ between connected National Coordination Centres and Frontex.

NCC Local

System

NCC Local

System

NCC Local

System

NCC Local

System

NCC Local

System

NCC Local

System

slide11

RPAS for Rapid Mapping

  • Support to planning of joint operations
  • Identification and monitoring of long range migration routes
  • Topographic information updating
  • Analysis(border vulnerability and permeability, cross country mobility, economical situation of MS, etc)
  • Evaluate the easiness of walking in specific terrain and time needed to cross specific distance
  • Identification of the areas that can be reach by walking person in definite
  • periods of time
satellites and rpa for border surveillance
Satellites and RPA for border surveillance
  • Satellites with imaging radar (SAR) or optical sensors are useful for intelligence gathering, but not for real time tracking
  • RPA have potential but must prove :

◊cost effectiveness compared to manned flights

◊integration into normal airspace

pras roles
PRAS - roles

SEA SURVEILLANCE MISSION

  • wide area surveillance
  • detection at longer distances
  • detection of smaller vessels, fast vessels (speedboats)
  • reconnaissance missions to coastline spots
  • identification of suspicious objects
  • SAR missions
  • all weather and day/night conditions
  • long endurance, speed and altitude adaptability
  • providing real- and near real- time operational data
  • integration with other existing surveillance networks (radars, satellite .. )
  • share/operate PRAS synthesize operational information,
  • efficiency and costs
  • radar sensors, optical sensors or possibly imaging radar.
  • AIS, SIGINT
pras roles1
PRAS - roles

LAND SURVEILLANCE MISSION

  • detection of human presence and vehicles at the borders
  • all weather and day/night conditions
  • different lengths of the border to deal with
  • different topographical / climate characteristics
  • providing real- and near real- time operational data
  • integration with other existing surveillance networks (radars, satellite .. )
  • optical sensors (EO/FLIR HD)
slide15

Demonstration of mini RPA and Aerostats

Workshops «RPA and Land Border Surveillance»

2009 & 2010Imatra, Finland

SELEX ”ASIO” + HYDRA

”SENSORINTEGRATION”

LIVE DEMO

PATRIA ”MASS”

LIVE DEMO

”LIVE VIDEO FROM MOBILE

TO MOBILE OVER IP”,

AHORTEC LTD LIVE DEMO

AERONAUTICS

SKYSTAR 180

Tactical aerostat

All weather conditions

SIM SKYEYE”+ QUATTRO VIDEOTRANSMISSION SYSTEM

RAFAEL ”ORBITER” LIVE DEMO

+ AERONAUTICS AEROSTAT SYSTEM, NOT

LIVE DEMO

slide16

RPAS Demonstration sessions Aktio and Istres 2011

ISTRES, FRANCE

DA-42 with EO/IR

OPA

AKTIO, GREECE

HERON 1

PATROLLER

SkyLite

PUMA AE

+ Remote Video Terminal (RVT)

FULMAR

mission planning
Mission planning

Mission Execution

LOS BLOS

Lite Situational Awareness & Video

Portal based GIS viewer

conclusions
Conclusions
  • Frontex works closely with the Commission and MSs in the development of EUROSUR
    • RPAS could play a significant role in EUROSUR

RPAS do not replace manned aviation, but make it possible to accomplish missions that would not be possible with manned aircraft (long and very long endurance).

  • RPAs have potential
    • Maritime surveillance
    • Long range and long endurance
    • Land
  • RPAs need to prove
    • Usefulness (legal / insertion into civil airspace)
    • Cost-effectiveness