Weather Phenomena. SOL 4.6. Follows along with Interactive Notebook notes. Temperature. Weather Includes:. Precipitation. Wind. Weather Instruments (Tools). Temperature - the measure of the amount of heat energy in the atmosphere Measured using a THERMOMETER.
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Follows along with Interactive Notebook notes
Temperature- the measure of the amount of heat energy in the atmosphere
Measured using a
Wind Speed is measured using an ANEMOMETER
Wind Direction is measured using a
A RAIN GAUGE is used to measure the amount of precipitation.
Formed by ice crystals*
Mixture of snow and rain
Formed by ice crystals*
Air Masses: formed when air in the atmosphere is heated at the equator and cooled at the poles.
Fronts: formed when two air masses of different temperatures and humidity* bump into each other.
*Humidity is the amount of water vapor
in the air.
Cold air mass pushes into a warm air mass.
Warm air mass pushes into a cold air mass.
Air pressureis the result of the mass/weight of the air and temperature pushing on its surroundings. (atmospheric pressure)
High pressure areas are formed when air is cooled.
Low pressure is formed when air is warmed. Weather associated with low pressure areas are: clouds, rain, and wind.
Column of warm air begins to spin upward forming a funnel cloud.
What types of wind speed and what can they do?
Clouds are formed when warm air carrying water vapor rises from the Earth and the water vapor cools down and connect to each other.
Are all clouds the same?
Fluffy, white clouds with flat bottoms. Cumulus clouds usually indicate fair weather. (Middle)
Feathery, wispy, clouds; associated with fair weather. They often indicate that rain or snow will fall within hours. (High)
Flat, smooth, gray clouds that blanket/cover the whole sky. (low)
What type of weather?
How are they formed?
Low and flat …..
storm clouds …..
It’s time to play the…
Draw a letter from the bag. Share a word or phrase that begins with the letter to summarize weather.
Tara Moore, Elementary Lead Science Teacher
Suffolk Public Schools
Some cloud slides adapted from John Harris, Radley College, UK