valuation issues in today s market l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Valuation Issues in Today’s Market PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Valuation Issues in Today’s Market

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 41

Valuation Issues in Today’s Market - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 357 Views
  • Uploaded on

Valuation Issues in Today’s Market Prepared by R.K. Barnes & Associates, Inc. One of the most challenging environments ever encountered by market participants. U.S. economy has shed 5.73 million jobs since the recession began in December of 2007

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Valuation Issues in Today’s Market' - jana


An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
valuation issues in today s market

Valuation Issues in Today’s Market

Prepared by R.K. Barnes & Associates, Inc.

slide2
One of the most challenging environments ever encountered by market participants.
    • U.S. economy has shed 5.73 million jobs since the recession began in December of 2007
    • Job losses have extended across all job industries causing companies to downsize, consolidate, or go dark
    • The current economic climate has had a major impact on real estate
      • Most notably residential real estate
      • Although, becoming more visible in commercial real estate
slide3
As a Result of these negative influences:
  • Investors are struggling for preservation of value and maintaining ownership
    • Declining rents, declining occupancies, rising concessions, etc.
    • Foreclosure activity is rising
  • Restricted debt options
    • Many of the big banks are gone or sitting on the sidelines
    • Smaller community banks are willing but, limited in deal size
  • Declining tenant demand
  • Rising overall cap rates
  • And eroded market confidence
valuation issues in today s market4
Valuation Issues in Today’s Market
  • Capitalization Rates
  • Tenant Risk Assessment
  • Vacancy Rates
  • Discounted Cash Flow Models/Discount Rates
    • Market Rent Changes
    • Expense Rate Changes
    • Reserves for Cap X
  • Holding Periods
  • Concessions
overall cap rate analysis 1 st qtr 2009
Overall Cap Rate Analysis-1st Qtr. 2009

Property Type Cap Rate Qtr. Change

Apartments 6.88% +75

Warehouse 7.13% +40

Regional Mall 6.99% + 3

CBD Office 7.52% +38

Strip Shopping Ctr 7.63% +14

Power Center 7.98% +41

Suburban Office 8.17% +58

Flex/ R& D 8.20% +44

Net Lease 8.58% +73

Source: Korpacz Real Estate Investor Survey

capitalization rate comments
Capitalization Rate Comments
  • One of the largest quarterly spikes was exhibited in multi-family (75 basis points). The reason is largely attributed to increasing competition via foreclosed homes and unsold condominiums which have been turned into rental units.
  • Second largest quarterly spike was net leased properties (73 basis points). Largely attributable to the large number of national retailers dismal performance over the past few months.
capitalization rate comments local market
Capitalization Rate Comments – Local Market
  • Trends locally, generally mirror the national market as will be shown in forthcoming capitalization rates
  • Jim Dunn comments in newsletter regarding 15% cap rate….while cap rates are up, nothing we’ve seen (generally speaking) above 10%
  • Bid-ask pricing gap remains wide…many sellers have a 1-2 year ago mind set..buyers have a current mind set; although, want 1-2 year ago valuation results
caution
Caution
  • Statistical Population is Small
  • Anomalies outside the range
    • Some can be explained
    • Some can’t be explained
recent retail sales
Recent Retail Sales
  • Property Type Cap Rate Comments
  • Power Center 7.97% West End area, Mar 09
  • Strip Center 8.58% Older, Nolensville Rd.
  • Strip Center 7.78% Green Hills, A location
  • Strip Center 7.29% Cool Springs
  • Strip Center 7.27% Sumner County
  • Strip Center 7.19% Rutherford County
  • Strip Center 7.83% Spring Hill
  • STNL 7.74%-8.41%Verizon, E. TN
  • STNL 7.9% Verizon, Rutherford Co
  • STNL 7.12% AT&T, Montgomery Co
  • STNL 7.65% Rite Aid, Mont. Co. 2/09
retail sales local vs national
Retail Sales – Local vs. National
  • Property Type Local National
    • Power Center 7.97% 7.98%
    • Strip Shop Range 7.19-7.83% 7.63%
    • Strip Shop Avg. 7.47% 7.63%
    • Net Lease Range 7.12%-8.41% 8.58%
    • Net Lease Avg. 7.93% 8.58%
recent office building sales
Recent Office Building Sales
  • Property Type Cap Rate Comments
  • Med Office 8.25% Southern Hills area
  • Class A 7.24% Brentwood Submarket
  • Business Ctr 7.75% Cool Springs
  • Class A 8.17% Brentwood
  • Property Local National
  • Suburban Range 7.24%-8.25% 8.17%
  • Suburban Avg. 7.96% 8.17%
warehouse sales local vs national
Warehouse Sales – Local vs. National
  • Property Type Cap Rate Comments
  • Single Tenant 8.64% Long term lease -10yrs.
  • Two Tenant 7.59% Allied Drive Area, older
  • Single Tenant 7.64% Interchange City 5 yr. lease
  • Flex R & D 9.41% Airport Area, soft mkt.
  • Property Type Local National
    • Warehouse Range 7.59%-8.64% 7.13%
    • Warehouse Avg. 7.96% 7.13%
    • Flex R & D 9.41% 8.20%
recent apartment sales
Recent Apartment Sales
  • Property Type Cap Rate Comments
  • Class B -242 Units 7.62% Murfreesboro
  • Class B -113 Units 6.31% Murfreesboro
  • Class B -261 Units 6.26% Hermitage
  • Class A -350 Units 6.02% Hermitage
  • Class A -560 Units 6.13% Cool Springs Area
  • Class A -300 Units 6.64% Hendersonville
  • Class B -406 Units 7.28% Hickory Hollow
  • Class A -300 Units 6.93% Madison Area, Feb 09
  • Class A -216 Units 7.0% West End, Mar 09
  • Class B -362 Units 7.77% Antioch Area, Dec 08
  • Opportunity/Upside 10.1% Foreclosure, needed work
  • Opportunity/Upside 8.78% 60% Occ./mismanaged
apartment sales local vs national
Apartment Sales – Local vs. National
  • Property Type Local National

Apartments Range 6.26%-7.77% 6.88%

Apartments Avg. 6.80% 6.88%

Notes: omitted the two opportunity/upside properties

overall capitalization rate forecast next 2 qtrs
Overall Capitalization Rate Forecast –Next 2 Qtrs.
  • Property Type Current OAR Change(bp)Average
  • Regional Mall 6.99% 25-100 65.0 (7.64%)
  • Power Center 7.98% 20-125 74.4 (8.72%)
  • Strip Shopping Ctr 7.63% 25-100 45.8 (8.09%)
  • CBD Office 7.52% 25-100 47.5 (8.00%)
  • Suburban Office 8.17% 0-150 65.6 (8.83%)
  • Flex R & D 8.20% 0-100 31.3 (8.51%)
  • Warehouse 7.13% 0-100 39.6 (7.53%)
  • Apartment 6.88% (50)-100 46.3 (7.34%)
tenant risk assessment in valuation
Tenant Risk Assessment In Valuation
  • Credit quality of the tenant has become crucial in the underwriting process
    • Ability of the tenant to pay rent today and in the future
    • Proper risk assessment
      • Understand nature of tenant’s business
      • Competitive position in the industry
      • Health of industry itself
tenant risk assessment in valuation contd
Tenant Risk Assessment In Valuation, Contd.
  • Impact on derivation of capitalization and discount rates
  • Sources for determination of credit worthiness
    • Financial Statements
    • Analyst reports
    • Credit ratings
    • Calculate ratios or trend analysis
    • Media Articles, Publications, Etc.
tenant risk assessment in valuation contd18
Tenant Risk Assessment In Valuation, Contd.
  • How to gauge a healthy tenant?
    • Sales per square foot
    • Occupancy costs (Rent as % of Sales)
      • Dollars & Cents of Shopping Centers, International Council of Shopping Centers
    • Competition
tenant risk assessment in valuation contd19
Tenant Risk Assessment In Valuation, Contd.
  • Lenders are increasingly requesting “go dark” values requiring appraisers to consider spaces without a specific tenant in place (typically the build to suit tenant) and what impact this would have on value…
vacancy rates in the valuation process
Vacancy Rates In The Valuation Process
  • Underwriting to submarkets unless there is a compelling story and/or history
  • All leases under 7 or 8 years in remaining term are subject to vacancy –including the nationals
office market
Office Market
  • Overall vacancy at 12.8% according to CB Richard Ellis 1st Qtr. 2009 Report
  • CoStar & Excelligent both have overall vacancy at less than 10% -4th Qtr. 2008 Report
  • Markets over 10% Vacancy Include
    • Airport North 19.43%
    • Airport South 24.16%
    • Cool Springs/Franklin 12.26%
    • Downtown 19.80%
    • North Nashville 27.21%
office market contd
Office Market, Contd.
  • Sub-lease Space has almost doubled over the past three years
  • Office Condos –both sales and rents
office market perspective
Office Market Perspective
  • Current Overall Office Vacancy Rate 12.81% expected to peak at 15.5 to 16.0% later this year vs. National expectations to peak around 19.0% by year end
  • Late 1980’s and early 1990’s vs. 2008-09
  • 1989 Local Overall Office Vacancy Rate was 23.2% vs. today at 9.5% to 12.8%
retail market
Retail Market
  • Overall Vacancy Rate is 5.5%
  • Markets over 10%
    • E. Nashville Dickerson Pk 23.1%
    • Big Box -Rivergate 17.2%
  • Community Centers over 10%
    • Hickory Hollow 11.8%
    • Donelson/Hermitage 13.2%
    • E. Nashville/Dickerson 73.8%
    • Hendersonville 15.9%
    • Murfreesboro 10.4%
retail market contd
Retail Market, Contd.
  • Strip Center Markets over 10%
    • Donelson/Hermitage 22.0%
    • E. Nashville/Dickerson 19.5%
    • Murfreesboro 24.5%
  • Neighborhood Center Markets over 10%
    • Mt. Juliet/Lebanon 11.1%
  • Power Center Markets over 10%
    • Murfreesboro 10.4%
industrial market
Industrial Market
  • Overall Vacancy Rate at 8.49% up 44 basis points from 4th Qtr.
  • Up 182 basis points from a year ago
  • Rates have been flat or held steady since 3rd Qtr. Of 2006
industrial market contd
Industrial Market, Contd.
  • Concerns Submarkets over 10%
    • CBD/Polk Avenue 10.31%
    • Elm Hill Pike/I 40 East 16.01%
    • Interchange City 12.02%
    • Northeast/I 65 North 11.24%

Source: CB Richard Ellis

multi family market
Multi Family Market
  • Overall vacancy rate 9.4% (4th Qtr. 2008) – lowest rate since the late 1980’s
  • Markets above 10%
    • Briley Parkway and North Nashville at 12%
    • Nolensville Road at 14.23%
  • Shadow market of foreclosed homes, unsold condominiums and investment properties in the market. Additionally, a significant number of young people are moving back home.
dcf vacancy assumptions in the valuation model
DCF Vacancy Assumptions In the Valuation Model
  • Months Vacant Projections have increased across the board –simple average is up 8.61% to 7.66 months vacant
  • Tenant Retention Percentages are down 96 basis points to 68.31% vs. 69.27%
  • Underlying Vacancy & Credit Loss up 46 basis points to 5.47% from the previous 5.01%
discounted cash flow models discount rates
Discounted Cash Flow Models & Discount Rates
  • Forecasting Models have been effected due to rising discount rates, more modest market rent changes, escalating expense projections, including reserves for capital expenditures.
    • Discount Rates
    • Market Rent Changes
    • Expense Changes
    • Replacement Reserves (reserves for cap x)
discount rates
Discount Rates

Discount

Property Type Rate Qtr. Change

Apartments 9.05% +73

Warehouse 8.33% +14

Regional Mall 9.13% +11

CBD Office 8.63% +11

Strip Shopping Ctr 8.59% +10

Power Center 9.52% +57

Suburban Office 9.69% +57

Flex/ R& D 9.03% +18

Net Lease 9.69% -6

discount rates contd
Discount Rates, Contd.
  • Discount Rates for residential subdivisions have exhibited the highest spike with average up 108 basis points indicating 18.58% for the 4th Qtr. 2008 indications according to Korpacz
  • Realty Rates pegs the average rate much higher at 28.02%, representing a 500 basis point jump in the past six months.
  • The other property group that would be similarly impacted would be multi-unit sales such as residential and commercial condominiums
market rent changes
Market Rent Changes
  • With vacancies on the rise and prevailing market conditions initial year market rent changes have been reduced significantly.
  • Simple averages (for initial year market rent changes) are 1.29% increase which is down from 3.92% in the fourth quarter of 2008. –source Korpacz Real Estate Investor Survey –office markets only
market rent changes34
Market Rent Changes
  • Property Type Current Qtr. Average
  • Regional Mall ( 3.00%)- 3.0% 1.71
  • Power Center (10.00%)- 3.00% 0.00%
  • Strip Shopping ( 5.00%)- 3.00% 1.69%
  • CBD Office ( 6.00%) - 8.00% 0.55%
  • Suburban Office (10.00%) - 5.00% 3.23%
  • Flex R & D ( 5.00%)- 3.00% 1.00%
  • Warehouse ( 4.00%) - 3.00% 1.11%
  • Apartment ( 3.00%)- 5.00% 1.74%
expense change rate
Expense Change Rate
  • Property Type Current Qtr. Average
  • Regional Mall 3.00%- 3.00% 3.00%
  • Power Center 1.00%- 3.00% 2.75%
  • Strip Shopping 3.00%- 4.00% 3.13%
  • CBD Office 2.00% - 3.00% 2.95%
  • Suburban Office 2.00% - 5.00% 2.98%
  • Flex R & D 2.00% - 3.00% 2.94%
  • Warehouse 2.00% - 5.00% 3.02%
  • Apartment 2.50%- 3.00% 2.93%
replacement reserves
Replacement Reserves
  • Property Type Current Qtr. AverageChange
  • Regional Mall $0.20-$0.50 $0.26 0.00%
  • Power Center $0.10-$0.40 $0.19 11.76%
  • Strip Shopping Ctr $0.10-$0.60 $0.22 10.0%
  • CBD Office $0.10-$0.60 $0.24 4.35%
  • Suburban Office $0.10-$1.00 $0.29 0.00%
  • Flex R & D $0.10-$0.50 $0.18 20.0%
  • Warehouse $0.05-$0.35 $0.14 7.69%
  • Apartment (unit) $100-$800 $303.98 7.00%
replacement reserves37
Replacement Reserves
  • Replacement Reserves – are a vital component in forecasting cash flow models. This category has increased across the board with only Regional Mall and Suburban Office remaining flat.
concessions in the market
Concessions in the Market
  • Concessions vary widely depending upon area and include excessive tenant improvement, free rent, lease buyouts, moving costs, etc.
holding periods in the valuation process
Holding Periods in the Valuation Process
  • Some Property Types such as vacant land we are utilizing holding periods with discount rates in order to adjust for “time” or market conditions without any quantifiable adjustment data from sales
conclusion
Conclusion
  • One of the most challenging times for investors
    • Job losses, companies downsizing, consolidating etc.
    • Struggle to preserve value
    • Restricted debt options
    • Diminished tenant demand
conclusion contd
Conclusion, Contd.
  • Valuation Issues
    • Rising Capitalization Rates with forecasts for continued rise in cap rates over the next two quarters
    • Tenant Risk Assessment
    • Rising Vacancy Rates –although modest in most sectors, we have exhibited market conditions better than most national indicators
    • Expenses projected to outpace rent increase projections
    • Rising Reserves for Cap X –generally 5-10%
    • Holding Periods for some Property Types
    • Concessions are prevalent in the market