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IAQG Workshop: Washington DC General Assembly. Surviving US Export Control regulations: The ITAR and EAR. Don Buehler - SAE April 16, 2010. Topics we will cover:. Why should aerospace companies care? How does the US government control exports? How are companies affected by these laws?.

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surviving us export control regulations the itar and ear

IAQG Workshop:

Washington DC General Assembly

Surviving US Export Controlregulations: The ITAR and EAR

Don Buehler - SAE

April 16, 2010

topics we will cover
Topics we will cover:
  • Why should aerospace companies care?
  • How does the US government control exports?
  • How are companies affected by these laws?
why should aerospace companies care
Why should aerospace companies care?
  • Most aerospace companies work on U.S. origin items
  • Many of these items are restricted by US Export laws and regulations
  • The laws and regulations apply to all companies or individuals who have possession of restricted items
why should aerospace companies care1
Why should aerospace companies care?
  • Aerospace companies and individuals are regularly prosecuted – fined or debarred for violations of the laws and regulations
examples
EXAMPLES:
  • DHL fined $9.44 million

DHL Owned by: Deutsche Post World Net / Deutsche Post DHL – a German company

This was the largest fine in history for a freight forwarder.

Their violations: primarily record keeping (Aug 2009)

examples1
EXAMPLES:
  • Thermon Mfg Co fined $176,000

Three affiliates (in India & the UK) committed 33 violations – re-exporting restricted items without a license and exporting to embargoed countries and to debarred companies

(Sept 2009)

examples2
EXAMPLES:

3. Quoptiq fined $25 Million

A Luxembourg LLC

163 violations of the ITAR

Exported night vision technology without proper licenses to various European and Asian companies

(December 2008)

examples3

4. Bass Pro Shops fined

Violation: Gun Sights

EXAMPLES:

Between June 1999 and January 2004, Bass Pro, Inc. exported gun sights to a variety of destinations without a license in violation of the EAR.

Gun sights are controlled pursuant to U.S. treaty obligations, as well as for human rights and anti-terrorism reasons.

Bass Pro agreed to pay an administrative penalty of $510,000.

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tfc mfg aerospace fabrications company

EXAMPLES:

TFC Mfg – aerospace fabrications company
  • TFC Manufacturing, Inc. The Violation: Between March and April 2006, TFC Manufacturing, Inc. (TFC), a Lakewood, California- based aerospace fabrication facility, released U.S-origin technology for the production of aircraft parts (classified under ECCN 9E991) to an Iranian national employee in the U.S. without the required license under the EAR. The Penalty:TFC agreed to pay a $31,500 administrative penalty.
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Maximum Penalties

EAR

  • Civil penalties may be the greater of $250,000 or twice the value of the transactions
  • Criminal violations may be up to $1,000,000 and/or 20 years imprisonment

ITAR

  • Civil fines up to $500,000 per violation
  • Criminal fines up to $1,000,000 per violation and/or 10 years imprisonment

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the question
Does your company work on U.S. origin products or have possession of US technical data?

Does your company understand the US laws and regulations?

Is your company vulnerable to violations?

The purpose of this presentation is to raise your awareness of the laws and regulations which may be affecting your company right now – and to give you some basic information on the regulations.

The question:
the basics
There are two major regulations which affect US exports:

- The International Traffic in Arms Regulations (22 CFR Chapter I, Subchapter M) - ITAR

And

- The Export Administration Regulations (15 CFR Part 700 – 799) - EAR

The BASICS
the basics itar
The ITAR is administered by the US Department of State – Office: Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC)

The ITAR controls defense articles and defense services which are listed on the United States Munitions List (USML) (Part 121)

The BASICS - ITAR
itar licensing
ITAR Licensing

If the item you are exporting

has been designed for a military

application

And

is listed on the USML

you will have to get a license for the export

(unless there is an exemption)

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ddtc registration requirement
DDTC registration requirement
  • Does your company work on defense items or perform defense services (as described in the United States Munitions List)?
  • If so, your company is required to be registered with the U.S. Department of State, Directorate of Defense Trade Controls (DDTC).
  • Refer to Section 122 of the ITAR
the basics ear
The EAR is administered by the US Commerce Dept – Office: Bureau of Industry & Security (BIS)

The EAR controls commercial and “dual use” (commercial and military use) items and technology which are listed in the Commerce Commodity List (part 774)

The BASICS - EAR
the commerce control list ccl part 774 of the ear
Includes five product groups

Extensive system for classification of products – Export Control Classification Numbers (ECCNs)

Complex rules about what requires a license (depends on product, technology and end use)

The Commerce Control List (CCL)Part 774 of the EAR

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export control classification numbers eccns
The purpose of the ECCN is to clearly identify the component, material, or technology so that proper licenses, restrictions and exemptions may be applied.

If you are going to export items under the EAR, knowing the ECCN is critical.

Export Control Classification Numbers(ECCNs)

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Examples of ECCNs

9A991

Aircraft and gas turbine engines not controlled by 9A001 or 9A101

9A992

Complete canopies, harnesses and electronic release mechanisms

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the basics1
What do we mean when we say “restricted item?”

This a general term we use to describe products, goods, technical data, software , and technology which is under some kind of restriction by any of the US laws

It does not just refer to parts and products being shipped outside the US

The BASICS
what is an export
What is an export?

Any item sent from the United States to a foreign destination (company or person) is an export. All items leaving the United States are exports and, therefore, may be subject to controls and restrictions.

Items include hardware(parts, materials, sub assemblies), information (drawings, specifications, test data, calculations) software and technologies (e.g., composites).

We use “item” to refer to all three categories (hardware, information or technologies).

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slide24
Exports can be …

physical (sending items to a foreign country or person)

verbal (telling someone information about a controlled item)

visual (a non U.S. person sees controlled items – even if they see them on your laptop in a public place)

How can items be exported?

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slide25

Not an export

The shipment or transmission of restricted items subject to the ITAR or EAR from one U.S. person to another U.S. person is not an export. (As long as the “receiving person” is not employed by a foreign company.)

U.S. Person

U.S. Person

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export examples
Export Examples

The shipment or transmission of restricted items subject to the ITAR or EAR from a U.S. Person (company) to a Foreign Person (company).

U.S. Company

French company

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re export example
Re - Export Example

The shipment or transmission of items subject to the ITAR or EAR from one Foreign Person (company) to another.

EXPORT

RE-EXPORT

U.S.A.

Germany

Japan

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re transfer example
Re- Transfer Example

The shipment or transmission of restricted items subject to the ITAR or EAR from one Foreign Person (company) to another Foreign Person (company) within the same country.

RE-TRANSFER

EXPORT

Company A

(Germany)

U.S.A.

Company B (Germany)

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deemed export
Deemed Export

The shipment or transmission of restricted items subject to the ITAR or EAR from a U.S. Person (individual) to a Foreign Person (individual).

EXPORT

U.S. Citizen

(or green card holder)

U.K. Citizen

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restriction license
Restriction: license

If the item in any of the previous examples is restricted by the ITAR or the EAR, a license may be required for the transaction.

Granting (or denying) licenses for the export, re-export, or re-transfer of restricted items is the first way that the laws control exports.

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restriction embargoed countries denied parties
Restriction: embargoed countries & denied parties

The second major way that the US government controls exports is through lists of countries, companies, and individual citizens who are not allowed to engage in exports of US items.

We refer to these as “denied parties”

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denied parties lists
Denied Parties lists

Numerous Governmental agencies have “denied parties” lists. The major lists are maintained by DDTC; BIS and OFAC (Office of Foreign Assets Controls)

OFAC is the office in the Treasury Department which maintains a variety of lists including embargoed countries.

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they are serious
They are serious!

A 5 person company – East Ways Shipping (a NY based freight forwarder) was fined $70,000 by the BIS for the shipment of 3 orders of scrap metal to a company listed on one of BIS’s entity lists.

(August 2009)

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so what should you do
So what should you do?

Learn More

Do some research into the regulations

Find out your vulnerability to violations

Evaluate Your current work

Is it covered by one of the US regulations?

Do we export these items in any way?

Discover your vulnerabilities to violations

Develop and Implement a Compliance System

Train Employees

Market Your System

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for more information
For more information:
  • GO to any of the 3 public web sites:
  • ITAR (DDTC) http://www.pmddtc.state.gov/index.html
  • EAR (BIS): http://www.bis.doc.gov/
  • OFAC http://www.treas.gov/offices/enforcement/ofac/
questions
QUESTIONS?

Send your questions to Don Buehler donb@exportsolutionsinc.comand I will be glad to address them.

Or call me at

513-662-5190 (US office)

Or 513-305-7493 (mobile)

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slide40
Thank you for attending

The IAQG workshop on

Export Control.

We hope you enjoy your time in

Washington.

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