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SARAR/PHAST: A participatory approach for building human capacity and empowering communities. RON SAWYER. Planning and Implementation of Sustainable Sanitation in Urban/Semi-urban settings – A need for development of existing tools STOCKHOLM 25-26 August 2008. THE CHALLENGE.
Planning and Implementation of Sustainable Sanitation in Urban/Semi-urban settings –
A need for development of existing tools
25-26 August 2008
It is not easy to shift from
conventional to ecological sanitation systems.
Toilets are deeply ingrained
within a specific cultural and personal context.
The natural functions of urinating and defecating are frequently referred to with euphemisms:
“number one and number two”
“answering the call of nature”
“taking care of necessities”
“using the toilet“
“going to the bathroom”
“taking care of business”
Isitreally so difficulttotalkabouttoilets?
Once basic taboos are broken,
people tend to be fascinated by the subject.
Participatory methodologies can play a crucial role in overcoming resistances, making decisions and changing behavior.
Dr. Lyra Srinivasan - Humanistic psychology, concientizacion, Gandhi.
Asia (VERC), Africa, Latin America (Sarar Capacitación SC) and USA (World Education).
1983-1989 - PROWWESS/UNDP --adapted to W&S sector.
UNICEF –MOH/Mexico -– Diarrhea control package
2000-2005 –- WSP/UNDP-WB /PROWWESS
PHAST Initiative: Participatory Hygiene and Sanitation Transformation with WHO and collaboration of UNICEF, etc.
SANRES - EcoSanRes = SARAR + Ecosan : El Salvador / Bolivia / Mexico
UNDP / WaterAid / UNICEF / WHO etc. -- S Af, Mozambique, Kenya, Central Asia, China, Mongolia
For Training and
Community Promotion and Education
RESISTANCE TO CHANGE CONTINUUM
I would like to
solution to others.
I'm ready to try
I see the problem
and I want to know more.
Yes, there is a problem,
But I have my fears.
Yes, there is a problem,
But I have my doubts.
There may be a problem,
But it is not my responsibility.
There is no problem.
Diagnostic tool to assess the psyco-social context of a community or group, in order to determine what communication strategy or approach is most appropriate.
A community mapping exercise helps the community to identify critical problems and posible interventions, including toilets, greywater and solid waste management.
Creative/expressive needs assessment tool for externalizing interpersonal social dynamics and cultural values and taboos.
Quantitative –qualitative assessment of toilet use and preferences –including gender, socio-economic and territorial variables.
To identify common local health problems and determine which could be prevented through WASH interventios.
Raise awareness feacal-oral infection vectors and identify possible barriers.
Permits the community to identify and compare the range of basic sanitation technologies available to them -- and to decide which options would be most appropriate given the particular local context.
To assess and compare hygiene and sanitation related behaviors according to risk criteria and relative feasability to modify or imporave.
Increases understanding of sanitation as a system and stimulates reflection on relative risk, gender roles, etc.
Planning tools for visualizing and setting goals and priorityzing the steps leading to the desired change.
August 1999 --SARAR /PHAST Workshop in Osh, Ferghana Valley -UNICEF - SIE/IWS (Secrétariat International de l'Eau ). --
Development of local tool kits and trained trainers.
April 2003 -- Ecosan Workshop – Village leaders from Kyrgyzstan and Uzbekistan. Central Asian Alliance for Water (CAAW), SIE/IWS, UNDP/BDP
Toilet siting: DRIVERS = Fertilizer and convenience
March 2000 - Lichinga, Niassa Province, Bringing Environmental Sanitation and Hygiene Into the Mix – WaterAid – UNDP – ESTAMOS – Govt.
Sanitation ladder Sanitation matrix (scoring) + PHAST = Entry point for fossa alterna and arborloo program (P. Morgan)
September 2002 - WaterAid Stakeholder workshop, Zambezia, Mozambique.
2008 -Feliciano dos Santos -
Goldman Prize Winner, Moçambique
Fossa Alterna: Permanence – convenience - fertilizer
EQUITY AND JUSTICE AS WELL AS RESULTS
Though less than expected, resources are available for simple, cheap interventions that can accelerate progress towards the MDGs. Results –based management has been the key to increasing access to education and health care, but it does little to change the political, social and economic conditions that make people poor. Unless there is a better balance between the drive to achieve measurable impact, investments in long-term poverty-eradication measures, and the creation of space where poor people can discuss and develop strategies for achieving equality and social justice, it will not be as easy to make poverty history as many people think.
Reaching the MDGs: equality and justice as well as results
REF – Thomas Franklin –– Development in Practice, Vol 18, No 3, June Senior policy advisor HIV/AIDS UNICEF
Date: Sun, 24 Aug 2008
From: teshome regassa firstname.lastname@example.orgDEAR RON SAWYER HOW ARE YOU AND YOUR FAMILY MEMBERS? HOW IS EVERYTHING?MY WIFE AND DAUGHTER AND MYSELF ARE FINEI COULD NOT GET YOUR ADDRESS / DID NOT HEAR FROM YOU FOR LONG TIME. I AM WORKING FOR THE MINISTRY OF HEALTH OF ETHIOPIA AS TEAM LEADER FOR THE TRAINING OF HEALTH EXTENSION WORKERS. RON WHAT YOU DID AS PHAST IS FANTASTICALLY ATTRACTIVE TO EVERYBODY IN ETHIOPIA. IF WE MEET OR COMMUNICATE, WE CAN DO SOME MIRACULOUS THINGS. WE CAN MERGE WITH HEALTH EXTENSION WHICH IS INNOVATIVE AND FLASHIP PROGRAMME IN ETHIOPIA. I DID MY MSC IN UK IN HEALTH EDUCATION AND PROMOTION/ HEALTH COMMUNICATION/ WHICH IS REALLY VERY HELPFUL TO WORK ON THE DEVELOPMENT OF TOOLS OF THIS TYPE.LOOKING FORWARD TO HEAR FROM YOU VERY SOON,WITH VERY BEST REGARDS GOD BLESS YOUTESHOME REGASSA
SARAR TRANSFORMACIÓN S.C.
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