RH -PROGRAMMING FROM GENDER PERSPECTIVE. PROF.(DR.)SUNEELA GARG, M.D., F.I.P.H.A DEPTT. OF COMMUNITY MEDICINE MAULANA AZAD MEDICAL COLLEGE NEW DELHI-110002, INDIA. RH -PROGRAMMING FROM GENDER PERSPECTIVE.
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Men usually dominate in leadership and political roles, whereas women usually perform service oriented or cultural activities
However, in practice, gender equality and equity are often different
Social and economic structures and conditions, which disqualify women from receiving the same treatment
Many of these can be prevented and treated if present. However, many men & women suffer pain, stress and even death from inability to seek assistance.
- Alcoholism in men
Problems such as :
- Frequent and rough sex
Stress - since husbands are out roving; wives considered too delicate and boring in pregnant state or post delivery
Low resistance to Infection
Violence against women and Children
- investments in water and sanitation;
- food security policies that target women for extension services and productivity enhancement etc.
Empowers to understand factors and forces that shape women’s health status.
Empowers women to control their fertility.
Enables women to make reproductive choice.Gender Strategies envisaged in RH programme
Views women in the totality of their health needs, particularly reproductive health, arising from their multiple roles in society.Strategies envisaged in RH programme
Encourages men to assume responsibility on birth control and unwanted pregnancies.
Encourages men to assume responsible sexual behaviour.
Encourages men to share responsibility in child rearing care house work.
Facilities promotion of gender equality and mutual respect.Strategies envisaged in RH programme
High-quality, comprehensive, women-centered services based on women’s needs and choices to improve their health.
No targets, incentives, or disincentives.
Set up an effective information system for individual client identification, follow-up and remotivation to enable sustained contraceptive use and to obtain client feedback.Strategies envisaged in RH programme
Range of services to include- contraception, infertility, breast-feeding, STDs, RTIs, HIV/ AIDs, cancer screening, violence against women.
Service provision to women throughout their life cycle- married women, unmarried women, adolescents, older women, menopausal women.Strategies envisaged RH programme
IEC to men& women so that they are able to exert control of their bodies (e.g. control over the risk of STD/HIV.)
IEC to enable women to understand the changes within themselves and their bodies as they pass thorough various phases of the reproductive cycle.
Education for men to instill joint responsibility for reproductive functions & care of children.Strategies envisaged RH programme
Package of interventions to reach out to men FP for men, STDs, HIV/AIDS education, infertility.)
IEC programme tailored to men (e.g. on reproduction and sexuality, male involvement and gender equality.)
Train health providers on counseling male clients and couples in RH.
Male FP motivators, counselors, community-based health workers.
Education and services for young men.
Research on male knowledge, attitudes and practices, male contraceptive methods and effective interventions.Strategies envisaged in RH programme
timely and costly
Insufficient Financial resources and at times misuse of funds