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Poli 103A California Politics Diversity and Participation

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  1. Poli 103A California PoliticsDiversity and Participation

  2. Californian Diversity • Diverse Society, Diverse Politics? • Why is California so diverse? • Does diversity add up to diverse politics? • Barriers to Minority Participation • Barriers to voting eligibility • Barriers to voter registration and turnout

  3. Diverse Society, Diverse Politics?Why is California So Diverse

  4. Diverse Society, Diverse Politics?Why is California So Diverse? • It’s not because California has been particularly welcoming. • It’s because California is an economic magnet. • Successive waves of economic boom which attracted immigrant labor, followed by a bust that resulted in a political backlash.

  5. Diverse Society, Diverse Politics?Why is California So Diverse? • 200,000 Chinese immigrants after the Gold Rush made this group 10% of California’s population. • 1882 Chinese Exclusion Act stopped immigration and led to deportation. • 300,000 “Okies” fled dustbowl for California’s farm fields in Depression. • Glut of workers led to discrimination.

  6. Diverse Society, Diverse Politics?Why is California So Diverse? • “Great Migration” of blacks from rural South to WWII factories led to a 400% increase in CA’s black population. • Housing laws allowed discrimination and segregation. • 1965 Immigration and Nationality Act ended national origin quotas and opened the door to Latin American and Asian immigration.

  7. Diverse Society, Diverse Politics?Why is California So Diverse? Source: www.californiaconnected.com

  8. Diverse Society, Diverse Politics? Does diversity add up to diverse politics?

  9. Diverse Society, Diverse Politics? Does diversity add up to diverse politics? • In 1990, Latinos were 26% of California’s population, 15% of eligible voters, 10% of registered voters, but just 6% of actual voters in June primary. (Citrin & Campbell, p. 287) • Latinos and Asian-Pacific Islanders have been considered the “sleeping giants” of California politics.

  10. One Sleeping Giant Wakes Up

  11. Barriers to Minority Participation • What stops residents in the population from being eligible voters? • Some are not old enough (18) to vote. Latino and API populations are younger than African-American and white populations. • Some have felony convictions, which disfranchises you in California. Conviction rates vary by ethnic group.

  12. Barriers to Minority Participation • What stops residents in the population from being eligible voters? • Many Latinos and API-Americans are not citizens

  13. Barriers to Minority Participation • What stops eligible voters from becoming registered and turning out to vote? • Political socialization • Language barriers • Dual citizenship • Education and income levels

  14. Discussion Questions • Is it inevitable that the barriers to minority political participation will be overcome, that the sleeping giants will wake up?