playground safety l.
Download
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Playground Safety PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Playground Safety

Loading in 2 Seconds...

play fullscreen
1 / 24

Playground Safety - PowerPoint PPT Presentation


  • 287 Views
  • Uploaded on

Playground Safety. Playground Safety. Amy Hill. Defining the Playground Injury Problem. Defining the Playground Injury Problem. The Playground Injury Problem (1). The Playground Injury Problem. Each year, Emergency Departments treat about 200,000 children 15 years

loader
I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
capcha
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Playground Safety' - jana


Download Now An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.


- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript
playground safety
Playground Safety

Playground Safety

Amy Hill

defining the playground injury problem
Defining the Playground Injury Problem

Defining the

Playground Injury Problem

the playground injury problem 1
The Playground Injury Problem (1)

The Playground Injury Problem

  • Each year, Emergency Departments
  • treat about 200,000 children 15 years
  • old and younger for playground
  • related injuries.
  • The American Academy of Orthopedic
  • Surgeons estimates 527,000 children
  • are treated in hospitals, Emergency
  • departments, doctors offices, and
  • ambulatory surgery centers.
the playground injury problem 2
The Playground Injury Problem (2)

The Playground Injury Problem

  • 45 percent of the playground injuries
  • that take place are severe: fractures,
  • concussions, and dislocations.
  • 75 percent of the non-fatal injuries
  • take place on public playgrounds like
  • those in schools and parks.
  • 70 percent of the deaths that take
  • place on playgrounds happen on home
  • playgrounds.
the playground injury problem 3
The Playground Injury Problem (3)

The Playground Injury Problem

  • Falls to the surface cause 70 percent
  • of the injuries on playgrounds
  • Entanglement of clothing, strings and
  • ropes are the number one cause of
  • deaths on playgrounds
  • Other dangers include:
      • Head entrapment in equipment openings
      • Impact by moving swings
      • Tripping on loose equipment
the playground injury problem 4
The Playground Injury Problem (4)

The Playground Injury Problem

  • Head and face injuries are most
  • common in children under 4 years
  • old.
  • Arm and hand injuries are most
  • common among children 5 -14 years
  • of age.
playground injuries are preventable
Playground Injuries are Preventable

Playground Injuries Are Preventable

follow the safe model
Follow the SAFE Model

Follow the SAFE Model

  • Supervision& Survey
  • Ageappropriate and design
  • Fall Surface Cushioning
  • Equipment Maintenance
  • * Adapted from the National Program for Playground Safety
s supervision
S - Supervision

S - Supervision

  • To properly supervise children they
  • need to be seen
  • They need to be visible in crawl
  • spaces
  • Playground rules should be posted
s survey 1
S – Survey (1)

S - Survey

  • Before children are allowed to play in
  • playgrounds:
  • Look for Safety Hazards
    • Look for broken glass, litter, pieces of
    • metal and other sharp objects.
    • In summer, check metal equipment to make sure it
    • is not hot.
s survey 2
S – Survey (2)

S - Survey

  • Make sure there are no tripping
  • hazards like:
      • tree stumps
      • exposed concrete
      • missing rubber tiles
      • pot holes
a age appropriate design 1
A – Age-Appropriate Design (1)

A = Age-Appropriate Equipment & Design

  • Children develop different skills at
  • different ages.
  • Equipment designed for children 5-12
  • is too big for children ages 2-5.
  • Platforms elevated more than 20
  • inches above the ground need
  • guardrails or protective barriers for
  • ages 2-5 year olds and those higher
  • than 30 inches need barriers for 5-12
  • year olds.
a age appropriate design 2
A – Age-Appropriate Design (2)

A = Age-Appropriate Equipment & Design

  • For 2-5 year olds consider:
    • Activity Panels
    • Swings
    • Tot Swings
    • Small slides
    • Lower Platforms
a age appropriate design 3
A – Age-Appropriate Design (3)

A = Age-Appropriate Equipment & Design

  • For 5 -12 year olds consider:
      • Swings
      • Tire Swings
      • Horizontal Ladders
      • Chain Climbers
      • Free Standing Arch Climbers
      • Sliding Poles
f fall to safe surfaces 1
F – Fall to Safe Surfaces (1)

F = Fall to Safe Surfaces

Surfacing must be provided under all equipment, and there must be at least a 6 foot fall zone around all equipment.

For swings the length of the fall zone should be twice the height of the beam from which the swing hangs

f fall to safe surfaces 2
F – Fall to Safe Surfaces (2)

F = Fall to Safe Surfaces

Never use materials such as asphalt, blacktop, grass, packed dirt, or rocks under playground equipment.

  • Falls from one foot onto a concrete surface can cause a concussion.
  • Falls from eight feet onto dirt is the same as a child hitting a brick wall traveling 30 miles per hour.
f fall to safe surfaces 3
F – Fall to Safe Surfaces (3)

F = Fall to Safe Surfaces

It is best not to use loose-fill materials such as wood chips, mulch, pea gravel, shredded tires, and sand because of the high maintenance required.

  • General rule: loose fill surfacing must be maintained at a depth of 12 inches especially in heavily used areas under swings and at the bottom of slides.
  • Loose-fill surfacing must be cleaned regularly to removed glass and other debris

Do use unitary surfacing such as rubber tiles, mats, or poured surfaces.

e equipment maintenance 1
E – Equipment Maintenance (1)

E = Equipment Maintenance

Check to make sure that equipment is:

  • anchored safely into the ground
  • well maintained
  • free of broken parts
  • has no noticeable gaps less than 3 1/2 inches or more than 9 inches
e equipment maintenance 2
E – Equipment Maintenance (2)

E = Equipment Maintenance

Check to make sure that the equipment is free of:

  • dangerous hardware like protruding bolts and improperly closed s-hooks.
  • sharp points or edges
  • splinters
  • cracks or holes
why are safe playgrounds important
Why are Safe Playgrounds Important?

Why are Safe Playgrounds Important?

why are play playgrounds important
Why are Play/Playgrounds Important?

Why Are Play/Playgrounds Important?

  • Play is the work of children
  • Play is how children learn about
  • objects and social relations
  • Play is the vehicle for the infant/child
  • to be able to make sense of the world
  • (Piaget)
  • Quality of play is affected by the
  • environment in which children play
why is outdoor play important 1
Why is Outdoor Play Important? (1)

Why is Outdoor Play important?

  • Slides and climbing equipment assist with the development of motor skills
  • Elevation assists with developing different perspectives
  • Imagination is stimulated
why is outdoor play important 2
Why is Outdoor Play Important? (2)

Why is Outdoor Play important?

  • Children learn about cause and effect, physical mastery and manipulation.
  • Children learn how to get along with other children.
  • Children avoid obesity through physical activity
for further information
For Further Information

For Further Information

Contact:

  • Consumer Product Safety Commission www.cpsc.gov

1-800-638-2772

  • National Program for Playground Safety

www.PlaygroundSafety.org

1-800-554-PLAY

  • National Recreation and Park Association

www.nrpa.org

1-800-626-NRPA