Nihonga and y ga
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Nihonga and Yôga Trends Early Meiji 1870s--yôga favored for its superior technique, approach to reality Kawakami Tôgai, Koyama Shôtarô Middle Meiji 1880s--emergence of self-conscious Japanese painting Okakura Tenshin, Yokoyama Taikan Late Meiji 1896ff--dual acceptance and promotion

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Trends

  • Early Meiji 1870s--yôga favored for its superior technique, approach to reality

    • Kawakami Tôgai, Koyama Shôtarô

  • Middle Meiji 1880s--emergence of self-conscious Japanese painting

    • Okakura Tenshin, Yokoyama Taikan

  • Late Meiji 1896ff--dual acceptance and promotion


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European painting (as perceived in Japan)

  • Vanishing point perspective

  • Depiction of light sources in picture

  • Mastery of anatomical/botanical structures

  • Careful illusionist drawing

  • This much known in Tokugawa era--e.g. Maruyama Okyo…



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Kawakami Tôgai

  • 1827 born to wealthy farming family

  • Adopted by Kawakami samurai family on move to Edo

  • Trained in western art, believer in rationality, practicality, scientific skills


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Kawakami

  • 1857 joins Tokugawa bakufu institute for study of the barbarians

  • 1869 Kawakami founds private art school for Western art

  • State patronage:

    • 1872-1885 Kawakami primer in pencil drawing part of elementary school curriculum

    • Early 1870s Kawakami instructor in military academies

    • 1876-1882 Technological Art School founded--Antonio Fontanesi


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Rokumeikan era[following page image from National Diet Library]







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Kutsugen, Taikan 1898

  • Chinese poet Ch’u Yuan, 4th c. B.C. known for “Li Sao,” a story of personal travails


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Whose orient?

  • Pierre Loti

  • “Madamme Chrysanthemum”


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Yokoyama Taikan, Ryuuto 1909

Close-up

Link to Tenshin Memorial Museum of Art


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Manga from Meiji

  • Source: Both images taken from Peter Duus, “Presidential Address: Weapons of the Weak, Weapons of the Strong--the Development of the Japanese Political Cartoon.” Journal of Asian Studies 60.4 (November 2001).

Japan outpacing China in Civilization Race, from Marumaru Chinbun, early Meiji.


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Maruki murals



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