nihonga and y ga l.
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Nihonga and Yôga Trends Early Meiji 1870s--yôga favored for its superior technique, approach to reality Kawakami Tôgai, Koyama Shôtarô Middle Meiji 1880s--emergence of self-conscious Japanese painting Okakura Tenshin, Yokoyama Taikan Late Meiji 1896ff--dual acceptance and promotion

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Presentation Transcript
trends
Trends
  • Early Meiji 1870s--yôga favored for its superior technique, approach to reality
    • Kawakami Tôgai, Koyama Shôtarô
  • Middle Meiji 1880s--emergence of self-conscious Japanese painting
    • Okakura Tenshin, Yokoyama Taikan
  • Late Meiji 1896ff--dual acceptance and promotion
european painting as perceived in japan
European painting (as perceived in Japan)
  • Vanishing point perspective
  • Depiction of light sources in picture
  • Mastery of anatomical/botanical structures
  • Careful illusionist drawing
  • This much known in Tokugawa era--e.g. Maruyama Okyo…
kawakami t gai
Kawakami Tôgai
  • 1827 born to wealthy farming family
  • Adopted by Kawakami samurai family on move to Edo
  • Trained in western art, believer in rationality, practicality, scientific skills
kawakami
Kawakami
  • 1857 joins Tokugawa bakufu institute for study of the barbarians
  • 1869 Kawakami founds private art school for Western art
  • State patronage:
    • 1872-1885 Kawakami primer in pencil drawing part of elementary school curriculum
    • Early 1870s Kawakami instructor in military academies
    • 1876-1882 Technological Art School founded--Antonio Fontanesi
kutsugen taikan 1898
Kutsugen, Taikan 1898
  • Chinese poet Ch’u Yuan, 4th c. B.C. known for “Li Sao,” a story of personal travails
whose orient
Whose orient?
  • Pierre Loti
  • “Madamme Chrysanthemum”
yokoyama taikan ryuuto 1909
Yokoyama Taikan, Ryuuto 1909

Close-up

Link to Tenshin Memorial Museum of Art

manga from meiji
Manga from Meiji
  • Source: Both images taken from Peter Duus, “Presidential Address: Weapons of the Weak, Weapons of the Strong--the Development of the Japanese Political Cartoon.” Journal of Asian Studies 60.4 (November 2001).

Japan outpacing China in Civilization Race, from Marumaru Chinbun, early Meiji.