2. Overview. 3. Overview. 4. Renewable energy resources. 5. Status of energy in rural areas. In the Arab-Mashreq region: The high-income countries are 80% urbanized. The middle-income and low-income countries are respectively 50% and 40% urbanized.. One factor that affects rural development is the restricted and expensive supply of energy, thus renewable energy development is as an essential option for sustainable development in the region..