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HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia (Part 1) Jaume Feliu Unitat de Geografia Universitat de Girona, jaume.feliu@udg.es XXI AESOP Conference. Napoli July 11-14 2007. Planning for the Risk Society Scheme Introduction: a new HST regional service

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HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia

(Part 1)

Jaume Feliu

Unitat de Geografia

Universitat de Girona, jaume.feliu@udg.es

XXI AESOP Conference. Napoli July 11-14 2007. Planning for the Risk Society

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Scheme

  • Introduction: a new HST regional service
  • High-Speed Train (HST) and urban and regional development
  • Findings of the Catalan case
    • 3.1. Extension of metropolitan influence
    • 3.2. Concentration of infrastructures on medium-sized cities
    • 3.3. Reaction of medium-sized cities
      • 3.3.1. Catalyzing role of HST
      • 3.3.2. Facilitating role of HST
  • Preliminary conclusions

AESOP Conference HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia Jaume Feliu, Unitat de Geografia, University of Girona

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1. Introduction: a new HST regional service

Big cities to a medium distance

(competition with airplane)

HST serves to joint

Medium-sized cities with a big city in a short distance

(competition with car)

  • Examples:
  • Le Mans-Paris
  • Ciudad Real-Puertollano-Madrid
  • Eskilstuna-Stokcholm
  • Dunkerque-Calais-Boulogne-Lille
  • Aix-la-Chapelle-Brussels

AESOP Conference HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia Jaume Feliu, Unitat de Geografia, University of Girona

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1. Introduction: a new HST regional service

HST in Spain

Source: own elaboration

AESOP Conference HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia Jaume Feliu, Unitat de Geografia, University of Girona

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1. Introduction: a new HST regional service

Regional HST service in Catalonia

Barcelona

Source: Generalitat de Catalunya, 2006

AESOP Conference HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia Jaume Feliu, Unitat de Geografia, University of Girona

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2. High-Speed Train (HST) and urban and regional development

The question: how can affect new regional service to the urban system?

In the short term: major mobility of persons and activity

In the long term: major urban integration? Polycentrism?

From a deterministic paradigm to a systemic paradigm:

We consider city as a Local Territorial System (SLoT)

AESOP Conference HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia Jaume Feliu, Unitat de Geografia, University of Girona

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2. High-Speed Train (HST) and urban and regional development

  • To survey long term trends in Catalan urban system:
    • Pre-existing trends
    • Existing resources
    • Capacity of organisation

AESOP Conference HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia Jaume Feliu, Unitat de Geografia, University of Girona

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3. Findings of the Catalan case: 3.1. Extension of metropolitan influence

Demographic growth 1996-2006 (%)

Source: own elaboration

AESOP Conference HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia Jaume Feliu, Unitat de Geografia, University of Girona

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3. Findings of the Catalan case: 3.1. Extension of metropolitan influence

Commuting flows, 1996

Metropolitan areas in Catalonia 1986, 1991 y 1996

Source: Trullén and Boix, 2003

AESOP Conference HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia Jaume Feliu, Unitat de Geografia, University of Girona

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3. Findings of the Catalan case: 3.2. Concentration of infrastructures on medium-sized cities

Infrastructures and equipments in Catalonia

Source: own elaboration

AESOP Conference HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia Jaume Feliu, Unitat de Geografia, University of Girona

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3. Findings of the Catalan case: 3.3. Reaction of medium-sized cities 3.3.1. Catalyzing role of HST

HST in Lleida

Barcelona

AESOP Conference HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia Jaume Feliu, Unitat de Geografia, University of Girona

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3. Findings of the Catalan case: 3.3. Reaction of medium-sized cities 3.3.1. Catalyzing role of HST

HST in Figueres

Barcelona

AESOP Conference HST and polycentric regional development of Catalonia Jaume Feliu, Unitat de Geografia, University of Girona