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- newmanlib.ibri.org -. Hebrews. Robert C. Newman. Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks. - newmanlib.ibri.org -. Authorship of Hebrews. Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks. Variety of Views on Author. - newmanlib.ibri.org -. Paul Paul & Luke Paul & Clement of Rome Luke Barnabas Apollos

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hebrews

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Hebrews

Robert C. Newman

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

authorship of hebrews

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Authorship of Hebrews

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

variety of views on author
Variety of Views on Author

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Paul
    • Paul & Luke
    • Paul & Clement of Rome
  • Luke
  • Barnabas
  • Apollos
  • Other Less Likely Suggestions

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

internal evidence on author
Internal Evidence on Author

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Explicit indications
    • Associate of Timothy
    • Not one of the original 12 apostles
    • Appears to be one author, male
  • Content
    • Similarities to Paul
    • Differences from Paul

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

internal evidence on author5
Internal Evidence on Author

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Style
    • More Hellenistic than (other) Pauline letters
    • Differences in phrasing

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

external evidence on author
External Evidence on Author

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Hebrews is attested as early as any NT work.
  • The Alexandrian fathers all refer to it.
  • Tertullian (c200) assigns it to Barnabas.
  • Generally:
    • The W churches denied Pauline authorship.
    • The E churches favored it, w/ qualification.

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

summary on author
Summary on Author

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Not Timothy!
  • Most likely named candidate is Paul.
    • But have to make special assumptions re/ its style
  • "Not Paul" more likely, but no single candidate would gain more votes.
  • God allowed knowledge of its author to be lost.

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

recipients of hebrews

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Recipients of Hebrews

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

the people
The People

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Surely Jewish.
  • Professing Christians.
  • We can say a good bit about their circumstances.
    • See under Background, later.

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

their location
Their Location

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Usual suggestions:
    • Rome
    • Jerusalem
    • Alexandria
    • Antioch
  • Critical passage (13:24) ambiguous
    • "Those from Italy greet you"

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

their location11
Their Location

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Rome 

 Antioch

 Jerusalem

Alexandria 

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

their location12
Their Location

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Following Lenski, I favor Rome as the letter’s destination.
  • Probably written to a Jewish house church in Rome facing Nero's persecution.
  • In any case, the remark to greet all the other leaders (13:24) favors a subgroup within a larger whole, such as a house church in a city with many such.

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

date of hebrews

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Date of Hebrews

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

date of hebrews14
Date of Hebrews

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Latest possible – 95 AD
    • Must precede 1 Clement
  • Earliest possible – well after 30 AD
    • "heard" (2:3) implies church has secondary sources of information
    • "considering the outcome of their lives" (13:7) sounds like original leaders have died, though possibly martyred

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

date of hebrews15
Date of Hebrews

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • More refinement attempted
    • The temple is still functioning, so before 70 AD
    • If the Timothy is Paul's companion, not till after 50 AD
    • Apparently not safe (where recipients are) to be a Christian, but still safe to be a Jew
    • If Rome, probably between 64 and 66 AD
    • Other locations might have wider window

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

their conversion
Their Conversion

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Apparently converted by immediate disciples of Christ (2:3), who had confirmed truth of their message by miracles (2:4)
  • The writer is confident that they (most of them) are saved (6:9), in spite of his warning for their need to hold on (3:14)

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

their christian life ministry
Their Christian Life & Ministry

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Had seen some persecution earlier
  • Had been Christians long enough for their first leaders to die
  • But recently they had stagnated

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

their problem
Their Problem

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Knew the basics of Christianity, but were backsliding
  • Were in severe danger of apostasy
    • Not into paganism or some other heresy
    • But into returning to Judaism
  • Writer argues that Xy supercedes OT
    • Jesus is the final mediator
    • He typologically fulfills the OT sacrifices

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

outline of hebrews

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

Outline of Hebrews

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

outline of hebrews21
Outline of Hebrews

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Prologue: God's revelation climaxes in his Son (1:1-4)
  • Superior to the OT mediators (1:5-7:28)
    • Angels (1:5-2:18)
    • Moses (& Joshua) (3:1-4:13)
    • Aaronic Priests (5:1-7:28)

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

outline of hebrews22
Outline of Hebrews

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

  • Superior to the OT provisions (8:1-10:39)
    • Better covenant (8:1-13)
    • Better sanctuary (9:1-12)
    • Better sacrifice (9:13-10:18)
  • Exhortation & Final Plea for Faith (10:19-12:29)
  • Concluding Exhortations (13:1-25)

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

the argument of hebrews

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

The Argument of Hebrews

See text in Course Notes

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks

the end

- newmanlib.ibri.org -

The End

Hebrews deserves a lifetime of repeated study

Abstracts of Powerpoint Talks