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Globalization and Technology: Connections and Communications. Think:. How do technology and globalization relate? Why is this connection important? Who are the main players? Who benefits most? Who is harmed the most? What is America’s role? (Orange County’s role)

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Presentation Transcript
think
Think:
  • How do technology and globalization relate?
  • Why is this connection important?
  • Who are the main players? Who benefits most? Who is harmed the most?
  • What is America’s role? (Orange County’s role)
  • Everyday technologies—the fun part!
first off technology requires an audience

First off, technology requires an audience…

It serves no practical purpose if there is no one using it!

slide5
Example: perhaps you could talk about how wonderful it would be to give everyone in the world solar panels to generate free electricity from the sun. But then there would be certain groups of people that would have no such need for that technology--people living in areas with minimal sun exposure, or who would be better equipped with other energy supplying technologies.
  • Technology requires specific audiences. The global landscape provides nearly an infinite array of unique audiences.
technology also requires human capital

Technology also requires human capital…

That means that we need people who are “experts” with different technologies and are able to bring it to the rest of us

slide7
Technology does not just appear out of air. It requires some kind of thoughtfulness, some kind of contemplation. It involves understanding that there are perhaps easier or better ways of doing certain things than other ways.
  • Human experience provides numerous examples whereby certain thoughtful groups of people come to realize that some activities were more fruitful and beneficial than others. Experts emerge.
in addition technology also needs constant refinement

In addition technology also needs constant refinement

With improvements in the sciences, communication, transportation, etc. technology must always “keep up”

slide9
Because there are infinite audiences out there, there are also infinite chances for improvement.
  • With new knowledge over time and with new experiences and empirical evidence the global context will always provide technology with possibilities.
needs and solutions

Solutions!

Need

Need

Need

Needs and solutions…

Globalization

Technology

but how do technology and globalization relate
But how do technology and globalization relate?

Audience

Human capital

Constant refinement

  • These three components make technology and globalization a perfect fit for each other—globalization supplies new ideas, workers, creativity, and unique contexts for technology to flourish!
slide12
Audience is provided by the global community.
  • Human capital is provided by having access to the means of technology production (wealth, resources, higher education).
  • Constant refinement is the process through which technology is being made more and more efficient over time.
unique situations
Unique situations
  • Caribbean—there was a hurricane late in 2004 that caused severe damage. A major tech firm provided Internet connectivity in a truck, which drove around the islands to give people who were stranded from the hurricane a chance to get in touch with loved ones to let them know they were alive and okay.
unique situations15
Unique situations
  • Think about remote villages or cultures that have their own unique problems and goals that technology could solve.
  • Maybe they don’t know about the benefits of crop rotation or even how nutrition works. Technology gives people new tools with which to improve life in some way.
why it s important
Why it’s important…
  • Some countries are developing (or have developed) at a much faster rate than others
  • This means that some are embracing technologies faster than others, and some are embracing certain technologies before basic needs are met—i.e. using mobile phones before treating basic illnesses and diseases
why it s important18
Why it’s important…
  • Technology is most notably associated with Western and developed nations:
    • United States
    • Parts of Europe
    • Japan
why it s important19
Why it’s important…
  • Those that embrace more complex technologies have more power.
  • War technologies (weaponry, intelligence, etc.) give certain countries more military power over others.
why it s important20
Why it’s important…
  • Those with more power are able to influence whose voice is heard and whose is silenced. This can be done through the use of weapons and war, through which movies and television are aired (and not aired). Dominant cultures have the ability to suppress less powerful ones.
scenario22
Scenario
  • Imagine you are the ruler of a country. Your neighbor country still relies on sending mail by using manpower, animals, and highly dependent upon weather conditions. You, however, possess the newest and fastest technology—you can send emails and instant messages to anyone you want.
scenario24
Scenario
  • Suppose you find out that there will be a very devastating earthquake in four days in your part of the world. All you have to do is send an email and broadcast a news alert on the TV to all of your citizens to warn them, but your neighbor must rely the postal system and manpower to notify its citizens. Who has more power?
why it s important25
Why it’s important…
  • There is the risk of “technological colonization” of the developing world
  • Developed countries have better access to technology. Richer countries have better access to technology. Countries with better colleges and universities have better access to technology.
main players
Main Players
  • The website www.socialtechnologies.com identifies three tiers of technological influence in the world.

World 2

World 1

World 3

world 1

World 1

World 1

asd

  • The wealthiest European nations (Western Europe)
  • United States
  • Japan
world 2 the vast middle i
World 2—the “vast middle”i

asd

  • China
  • India
  • Russia
  • Brazil
  • Indonesia
  • plus several small countries

World 2

world 3 the worlds poorer nations
World 3 - The worlds poorer nations

asd

  • Many African countries
  • Haiti
  • Afghanistan

World 3

slide31

World 1

Western Europe

USA

Japan

World 2

Russia

China

Brazil

India

Indonesia

Haiti

African countries

Afghanistan

World 3

america s role
America’s Role
  • America in your own back yard…
computers and the internet35
Computers and the Internet
  • Personal computers as we know it did not become feasible or popular until the 1990s—only 10 to 15 years ago!
slide37
IBM
  • American company
  • Basic statistics: 330,000+ employees, $96 billion (2004 revenue), largest IT company in the world
  • Headquarters: Armonk, New York
computers and the internet38
Computers and the Internet
  • Since the 1990s computing technology has become smaller, more powerful, and more efficient. Laptop computers with wireless Internet access are the fastest selling niche in the personal computer market.

Portability and connectivity!

computers and the internet39
Computers and the Internet
  • Technically the Internet dates back to the late 1960s with the Department of Defense in the United States in 1969. The Internet started resembling what we know today in 1991 with the advent of the World Wide Web (WWW) by Tim Berners-Lee of London, England.
the languages of the www
The Languages of the WWW

Implications for technological colonization. English is the dominant language of the Web. What kind of impact could this have on the emergent technologies of developing nations?

take home message
Take home message…
  • Technology has made living conditions and way of life much better for people around the world.
  • BUT, not everyone has access to the newest or best technology.
  • It is important to identify the “haves” and “have nots”
  • Do you think technology gives people more freedom?