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Essay Writing ---- Providing “evidence” 旅游酒店管理 07301744 张嘉阳 07301755 赵袆 07301729 姚思慧 CONTENTS Part 1:First draft of us Part 2:Discuss the evidence we use in our essays Part 3:Our final draft Part 4:Writing process and what we learn about evidence Part 5:The end

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Essay Writing----

Providing “evidence”

旅游酒店管理

07301744 张嘉阳

07301755 赵袆

07301729 姚思慧

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CONTENTS

Part 1:First draft of us

Part 2:Discuss the evidence we use in our essays

Part 3:Our final draft

Part 4:Writing process and what we learn about evidence

Part 5:The end

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Can Man Triumph over Nature (by Yishire )

As the old saying goes, ”Man can conquer nature”. Indeed ,our ancestors had been fighting against nature since the stone age. They made skins of animals into clothing to cover themselves from cold weather, set fire for warmness and protect themselves from wild animals. They hardly survived from the execrable environment. And nowadays, we have Three Gorges Project to avoid floods, and finish Qinghai—Tibet Railway to improve the poor situation of transportation.

Nevertheless, we can’t escape suffering from disasters, such as tsunami, SARS, snowstorm, earthquake and so on, because nature is so powerful and these are unavoidable.

Maybe we can’t make a conclusion whether man can or can’t triumph over nature. But we should learn from these two sides that something nature is inevitable. What we can do is united human beings and try to decrease the harm to an acceptable degree.

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Can Man Triumph over Nature (by Sweet)

Similar to most people’s opinions, I don’t think it is an easy-answered question that man can or cannot triumph our nature.

To some people, they’re for it. Considered to have been developing for a long time ,human is sure to reach the point to triumph over nature. For example, human create large quantities of biochemical weapons which can destroy the earth several times.

On the other hand, some people are against it. From their points of view, there is no doubt that nature comes first and won’t be conquered by human. They insist that human is just a creature during the development of the nature and the disasters human suffer may be the best examples to support their views.

As far as I’m concerned, there is no ending for this debate and even no need to put a conclusion to it. As I see it ,the relationship between nature and human is like mother and child. There is no denying that mother and child should stay together peacefully as well as harmoniously .As a result ,what we human should do most is to protect the nature and make best of it for the developments. Only in this way can we gain a lasting development on the balance of human and nature.

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Can Man Triumph Over Nature( by Joy)

When it comes to this question, well, different people may have different opinions.

Some people hold the view that we human beings can conquer nature. As the old saying goes,” where there is a will, there is a way”. Throughout the history, we have seen many cases in which this saying has again and again proved to be true.

Climbing the Everest which is the highest mountain in the world, traveling to Antarctica, or having a trip to the moon. The Great Wall and the Pyramids also indicate the huge power of humans.

Meanwhile, however, there’re some people who believe in the opposite. Although, the technology and science have been developing rapidly, there’s still something in the world beyond our ability, SARS, birdflu, AIDS, and some other kinds of diseases are threatening our lives. What’s worse, more and more disasters such as tsunami, flood, snowstorm ,earthquake happen more frequently, causing immeasurable loss to humans.

So, as you can see, man can not triumph over nature. And bright future just depends on a harmonious relationship with nature.

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Evidence that is for

man can triumph over nature

1 Our ancestors made skins of animals into clothing to cover themselves from cold weather, set fire for warmness and protect themselves from wild animals.

2Nowadays,we have Three Gorges Project to avoid floods.

3Finish Qinghai—Tibet Railway to improve the poor situation of transportation.

4Human create large quantities of biochemical weapons which can destroy the earth several times.

5 The old saying “where there is a will, there is a way”

6Climbing the Everest and traveling to Antarctica.

7Having a trip to the moon

8The Great Wall and the Pyramids indicate the huge power of humans

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Evidence that is against it

1 SARS, birdflu, AIDS, and some other kinds of diseases .

2 Disasters such as tsunami, flood, snowstorm ,earthquake happen more frequently, causing immeasurable loss to humans.

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Can Man Triumph Over Nature

There is no consensus of opinions among people as to the view of man can or cannot triumph over nature. Some people hold the view that we human beings can triumph over nature. Just as the old saying goes,“ Where there is a will, there is a way.” Looking back to the history, we can see many cases in which this saying has again and again proved to be true. They can think of no better illustration of the view that, in the past ,our ancestors made skins of animals into clothing to protect themselves from cold weather, set fire for warmness. On the other hand, back to now, the Qinghai-Tibet Railway was finished to improve the poor situation of transportation there. Meanwhile, however, there’re some people who believe in the opposite side. Facts are really very enough. The green house effect leaves islands and cities along the coast, such as the oriental pearl-Shanghai, in danger of the disaster of being

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drowned; the holes of the ozone layer make the earth less suitable to live for some animals including human beings; the phenomena of EL Nino and La Nina leave the land with serious flood and drought, and the diseases, caused by pollution, are increasing at a surprising speed, causing Seeing all these facts, can we still ignore the counterattack of nature? We are not the masters of nature. Facing all the disasters made by ourselves, we, mankind should realize that we are just a normal member of the big family of nature. Any action that destroy nature will meet only with the revenge from her.

So as you can see, there is no ending for this debate. My personal experience leads me to conclude that Preserving nature is not only preserving our home, but the civilization of human community as well. So we should treat nature equally, leaving the chance of existence and development to nature as we are looking for the same thing, and thus we will get the situation of win-win!

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We wrote the essay according to

the following outline:

1 We can make a long list of instances that indicate man can triumph over nature.

2 On the other hand, we can cite numerous examples that show forces of nature are too powerful to be resisted.

3 How you look at the seemingly contradictory evidence.

types of evidence
Types of evidence

1.可以通过例证(cases)的方法,即通过生活中具体真实的经历、或故事作为论据阐述自己观点的正确性。

2.也可以通过用事实法( facts),即通过调查研究的结果或统计数据或已经形成的事实作为论据使对方信服。

types of evidence14
Types of evidence
  • 3.可利用一个原则(appealing to principle),首先确立一个公认的基本原则和常理,然后使文中所讨论的观点符合这个原则,以达到说服对方或确认自己观点正确的目的。
  • 4.还可以采用权威观点(referring to an authority),即引用所讨论主题方面的专家的观点作为论据来说服对方。
how to connect the evidence
How to connect the “evidence”

When to list evidence ,use the following structures may help you better express your views

  • 1)first, second, third, last(不推荐,原因:俗)
  • 2)firstly, secondly, thirdly, finally(不推荐,原因:俗)
  • 3)the first, the second, the third, the last(不推荐,原因:俗)
  • 4)in the first place, in the second place, in the third place, lastly(不推荐,原因:俗)
  • 5)to begin with, then, furthermore, finally(强烈推荐)
  • 6)to start with, next, in addition, finally(强烈推荐)
  • 7)first and foremost, besides, last but not least(强烈推荐)
  • 8)most important of all, moreover, finally
  • 9)on the one hand, on the other hand(适用于两点的情况)
  • 10)for one thing, for another thing(适用于两点的情况)
  • 建议:不仅仅在写作中注意,平时说话的时候也应该条理清楚!
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You may check an essay

as the followings:

1 Does the essay cover all the points as required?

2 Is the evidence believable?

3 Does the evidence help illustrate the writer’s position on the issue?

4 Are there any mistakes in spelling or grammar?

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Can Man Triumph over Nature? (modelessay)

When people talk of man triumphing over nature, many things come to mind. One thinks of successes in medicine in the fight against disease, such as the invention of antibiotics and the promise held out by advances in biogenetic a broader scale, one thinks of man’s success in harnessing new forms of energy from steam power through oil to nuclear power.

Yet, nature has often hit back in unexpected ways to these attempts to tame it. New forms of disease that are resistant to antibiotics are constantly developing. Burning fossil fuels has led to fears of global warming; while nuclear power has produced dangerous waste that will remain a hazard for generations to come.

However, perhaps to talk of man triumphing over nature is the wrong way to look at the matter. We need to find ways to work with nature rather than forever fighting against it.

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References

Thanks for Professor Xia’sguidance

thank you for your participation

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