Describing people & Things - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

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Describing people & Things

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  1. Describing people & Things Adjective agreement

  2. A. Forms of Adjectives • In Spanish adjectives agree in gender and number with the noun they modify . There are three rules to remember for the formation of adejectives.

  3. Rule # 1 • Adjectives that end in –o change to –a in the feminine and form the plural by adding an –s. • Masculino Femenino • Singular cariñoso cariñosa • Plural cariñosos cariñosas

  4. Ejemplos • El padre es cariñoso con sus niños. • The father is loving to his children. • Los padres son cariñosos con sus niños. • The parents are loving to their children. • La novia es cariñosa con su novio. • The bride is loving to his groom. • Las novias son cariñosas con sus novios. • The brides are loving to their grooms.

  5. Rule # 2 • Adjectives that end in –e, -l, or –ista only change in the plural by adding –s or –es. • The same ending is used for the feminine and masculine. • Singular Plural • Masculino agradable agradables • & débil débiles • Feminine materialista materialistas

  6. Ejemplos • Su sobrina tiene una personalidad agradable. • His niece has a pleasant personality. • Este es un lugar agradable. • This is a pleasant place. • Mi hermano es materialista pero mi madre es idealista. • My brother is materialist but my mother is idealist. • Esas muchachas no son débiles. Sus primos son débiles. • These girls are not weak. Their cousins are weak.

  7. Rule # 3 • Adjectives that end in –dor and adjectives of nationality that en in –ol, -án, or –és add an a in the feminine and –es or –s in the plural. • Singular Plural • Masculino Femenino Masculino Femenino • trabajador trabajadora trabajadores trabajadoras • español española españoles españolas • alemán alemana alemanes alemanas • inglés inglesa ingleses inglesas

  8. Ejemplos • Luis es un muchacho trabajador y Ana es trabajadora también. • Luis is a hard-working young man, and Ana is hard-working too. • A mi amigo inglés no le gusta la comida inglesa. • My English friend does not like English food. • Las fiestas familiares españolas son grandes porque incluyen a todos los parientes. • The Spanish family parties are big because they include all the relatives.

  9. Position of adjectives • 1. Usually descriptive adjectives are placed after the noun they modify. • Mi prima tiene el cabello rizado. • My cousin has curly hair. • 2. The adjectives bueno or malo may be placed before the noun. In this case the masculine adjectives drop the –o. • Pedro es un buen tío y su esposa es una buena tía. • Pedro is a good uncle and his wife is a good aunt. • Esa muchacha tiene mal carácter, siempre tiene mala cara. • That young girl has a bad temper, she always has a bad expression on her face.

  10. PRÁCTICA • Hacer los ejercicios de pp. 427 & 428.