Politics and Power OPPOSING VIEWS, pair 1 A narrower view: politics as the art and science of GOVERNMENT , as affairs of STATE vs. A broader view: politics as part of the entire fabric of SOCIAL RELATIONS – conflicts and cooperation between individuals, groups, classes
Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.
A narrower view:
politics as the art and science of GOVERNMENT, as affairs of STATE
A broader view:
politics as part of the entire fabric of SOCIAL RELATIONS – conflicts and cooperation between individuals, groups, classes
INTEGRATION. Politics as the process of rule based on order and justice. Politics is driven by the considerations of the common good.
More natural for the thinking of those who support the existing social order (status quo)
CONFLICT. Politics as struggle for power. Politics is driven by selfish interests of individuals and groups.
More natural for the thinking of those who would like to change the status quo in their favour.
1. State AND society
The state is rooted in society.
The state maintains a particular social order.
Politics outside the state is important.
Interactions between state and society are at the core of politics.
2. Integration AND conflict
A HUMAN ACTIVITY focused on:
1/ the FORMULATIONand EXECUTION of:
DECISIONS, which are BINDING on members of:
A SOCIAL WHOLE (family, community, society, the world)
2/ the RELATIONS which are formed between individuals, groups, states IN THE PROCESS of formulation and execution of those decisions.
“In the last resort, the essence of politics, its real nature and true significance, is to be found in the fact that it is always and at all times ambivalent. The statue of Janus, the two-faced god, is the true image of the state and expresses the most profound of political realities…
The Idea of Politics, L.: Methuen, 1966, p.viii
Its root is the word polis, which began to be used about 2,800 years ago to denote a self-governing city
For more information on polis, go to:
The fuel of politics. The ability to make, or to influence the making of,
those binding decisions
Struggle for power
Distribution of power: how fair? how equal? how effective?
Balance of power
Great power, superpower, hyperpower
A powerful leader
Something you can measure?
“…Power is the ability to affect the actions or ideas of others, despite resistance. It is thus a dynamic process, not a static possession, that pervades all areas of social life”.
POLITICAL POWER – control of, or influence on, the state, ability to make, or influence, political decisions
ECONOMIC POWER – control of economic assets
MILITARY POWER – ability to wage war
– or to compel others through
intimidation or deterrence
These forms of power interact in many ways.
GIVE ME EXAMPLES!
1. AN INTERACTIVE PROCESS
(you have to have someone to have power over)
2. POTENTIAL or ACTIVE
3. A PURPOSEFUL ACTIVITY
4. PROMOTIVE (Do it!) or PREVENTIVE(Don’t do it!)
5. BALANCED or UNBALANCED(“Absolute power corrupts absolutely” – Lord Acton). Democracy (ideally) as balanced power
1. FORCE – ability to compel through punishment or reward
1/utilitarian – “let’s make a deal, or else…”
2/coercive – “you are under arrest”
3/persuasive – “it is really in your own interest to obey”
2. DOMINANCE – ability to compel on a regular, systematic basis. “They have the power, we can’t do anything but obey”
Power which is voluntarily granted by those who submit to it.
TYPES OF LEGITIMACY(Max Weber, Politics as a Vocation)
TRADITIONAL – based on tradition, established beliefs or values (example: rule of dynasties, power of the church)
LEGAL-RATIONAL – based on formal arrangements (rules, laws, constitutions). The main type practiced in contemporary politics
CHARISMATIC*– based on the extraordinary personal qualities of a leader, or on the influence of an idea or a cause
*from ancient Greek word “charisma”, meaning “gift”
4. ATTRACTION – the power of appeal, ability to influence others by making a positive impression on them.
COMPARATIVE WORLD POLITICS
INTERNATIONAL RELATIONS (IR)
EMPIRICAL THEORY AND METHODOLOGY
(In Canada) CANADIAN GOVERNMENT AND POLITICS