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Opportunities and risks for importing woody bioenergy from developing and emerging countries - Results of a scoping study for BMZ-. Uwe R. Fritsche Scientific Director, IINAS International Institute for Sustainability Analysis and Strategy.

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Uwe r fritsche scientific director iinas

Opportunities and risks for importing

woody bioenergy from developing and emerging countries

- Results of a scoping study for BMZ-

Uwe R. Fritsche

Scientific Director, IINAS

International Institute for Sustainability Analysis and Strategy

presented at the BMZ Conference “Forests for Future Generations – Public and Private Responsibility for Sustainability “ 11.-12.6.2013, Berlin

on behalf of


Bioenergy in the global system
Bioenergy in the global system

Source: IEA (2012)


Global biomass for electricity
Global biomass for electricity

Source: IEA (2012)


Demand for woody bioenergy imports
Demand for Woody Bioenergy Imports

  • Europe: biggest buyer, growing (CO2 and oil prices), especially for co-firing (eq. to ≈ 30-40 Mm3 by 2020); UK currently most relevant; dominant role of private sector (bioenergy not in public procurement yet)

  • Japan: no ambitious plans for bioenergy imports

  • North America & Russia: none (exporter)

  • China: some imports (≈ 10 Mm3 by 2020)

  • India: little imports if competitive

  • South Korea: plans to import ≈ 10 Mm3 by 2020

  • South Africa: increasing demand for co-firing


Developing country export potentials
Developing Country Export potentials

  • Calculating potentials is challenging due to domestic fuelwood dynamics, land and infrastructure (harbors) investment needs

  • Asia: Indonesia and Thailand

  • Africa: Congo, Gabon, Mozambique (ZA?)

  • Latina America: Brazil…

  •  But domestic supply for fuelwood demand often unsustainable



Conclusions
Conclusions

  • Woody bioenergy exports can imply competition with local fuelwood: needs analysis& safeguards

  • Coherent policies for sustainability of imports beyond EUTR needed: RED extension could provide safeguard against environmental risks, but lacks social criteria

  • Developing countries need social safeguards: voluntary forest certification crucial for this

  • Donor support for implementing certification

  • Extend public procurement to bioenergy