Cost of Social Exclusion. Salla Ikäheimo 21.3.2014. Definition of Social exclusion :
“Social exclusion is a complex and multi-dimensional process. It involves the lack or denial of resources, rights, goods and services, and the inability to participate in the normal relationships and activities, available to the majority of people in a society, whether in economic, social, cultural or political arenas. It affects both the quality of life of individuals and the equity and cohesion of society as a whole.”
(Levitas et al. 2007)BACKGROUND
A person whocannotparticipate in society as expected, and whoexperiensesproblems in differentareas of life.
16-29 yearsold person whohas no moreeducationthancomprehensiveschool, who is notcurrentlystuding, working, takingcare of his/herownchildrenor is notserving in military
The idea of a person whofeelshimselfsociallyexcluded is importanttoo, but the study is aboutcosts to society and thereforewecanignorethosewhofrom the point of view of a societyfunction as notexcluded.BACKGROUND
The method is usedmainly in medicine to combinedifferentstudies to haveevenmorereliableresultthanoneexperiment
- In my study it is impossible to make meta-analysisbecauseto be able to do that, youhave to have studies quite similar so that you can compare them. Even the definition for social exclusionvaries in differentcases and the studieshave a little in common.SYSTEMATIC LITERATURE REVIEW
What is next/going on now?
- Evaluatestudies (http://www.strobe-statement.org/?id=available-checklists)
I haveaccess to data of basicservicesused in 2006-2011. Unitcostsarealreadycalculated.
”An individuali is sociallyexcluded in semesteraifhe/she is currentlydisabled, out of workorinactive, with a probability of entering into employmentoreducationduring the nextyearsmallerthan a positivenumberψ, giventhat business cycleconditionsarenormal”
(Raaum et al. 2009)
BUT no adolescentsunder 18
onlydescriptiveresearch – I cannotfindanyway to findcausality in thissettingData now
Levitas, Pantazis Ruth Christina, EldinFahmy, David Gordon, Eva Lloyd, and Demi Patsios. THE MULTI-DIMENSIONAL ANALYSIS OF SOCIAL EXCLUSION. 2007.
Malmivaara, Antti. Järjestelmällinen kirjallisuuskatsaus vaikuttavuudesta – Apuväline terveyden- ja sosiaalihuollon ammattilaisille, tutkijoille ja päättäjille. Sosiaalilääketieteellinen aikakauslehti 2008: 45 273-278. 2008.
Raaum, Oddbjørn, Jon Rogstad, Knut Røed, Lars Westlie, OddbjørnRaaum, Jon Rogstad, Knut Røed, and Lars Westlie. Young and out: An application of a prospects-based concept of social exclusion. The Journal of Socio-Economics 38 (1) (Jan-1): 173-87. 2009.References