Fusion as a Source for Hydrogen Production. Mike Campbell and Ken Schultz General Atomics 13 December 2004 25th Annual Fusion Power Associates Meeting. Hydrogen is the desirable Replacement for Fossil Fuels. • Hydrogen can reduce CO 2 emissions and dependence on fossil fuels
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Mike Campbell and Ken Schultz
13 December 2004
25th Annual Fusion Power Associates Meeting
2003 "State of the Union Address”
With a new national commitment, …. the first car driven by a child born today could be powered by hydrogen, and pollution-free...
HIGH EFFICIENCY & RELIABILITY
With Carbon Sequestration
*: Most require co-generation of electricity
More recent Sheffield JIEE and ARIES studies agree
Overall energy requirements for high temperature electrolysis.
Efficiencies of electricity and hydrogen production.
Figs. Courtesy of S. Herring, INEEL
BNL HYFIRE study 1979
Glass Chemistry loop in operation in Japan producing ~50 liters/hr
GA Utility Synfuel Study, 1983
These technologies could be used with a fusion heat source
$30/ton CO2 penalty
Figure courtesy of EPRI
$20/ton O2 credit, no CO2 penalty
Regulated utility capital cost rates used, 12.6% CRF
Possible Off-Peak Price of Fusion Electricity?
Electrolysis Capital Cost
DOE Goal Cost of H2 $1.50/kg