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Maternal Health Cambodia. UNICEF Cambodia September 2010. Cambodia Millennium Development Goals: Overall Summary of Progress. (scored in terms of % distance travelled from baseline to target). Yes Child Mortality is falling Newborn mortality is falling Life expectancy is rising

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unicef cambodia september 2010

Maternal Health


UNICEF Cambodia

September 2010

cambodia millennium development goals overall summary of progress
Cambodia Millennium Development Goals:Overall Summary of Progress

(scored in terms of % distance travelled from baseline to target)


Child Mortality is falling

Newborn mortality is falling

Life expectancy is rising

Fertility is falling


Is health in Cambodia getting better?

Maternal mortality reduction requires a strong health system, with good interaction among various levels

Societal values: Is women’s health important enough?


85% of all births are “uneventful”

But 15% of women in pregnancy and delivery develop a potentially life threatening complication

Few of these complications can be predicted

A fundamental challenge

with mmr of 461 in cambodia
With MMR of 461 in Cambodia....
  • An estimated 1,700 – 2,000 women die maternal deaths in Cambodia every year, or five women every day!
  • These are young, productive women, leaving families and children. Families often disintegrate after maternal death, and their children have high mortality
  • Most of maternal death can be prevented
causes of maternal mortality in cambodia
Causes of Maternal Mortality in Cambodia

Almost all of the above causes are either preventable or treatable, but solutions are not available to all those in need…

opportunities in cambodia
Opportunities in Cambodia
  • Midwifery education is expanding
  • Abortion is legal
  • Government and partners are committed: the Minister of Health has launched a Fast Track Initiative Road Map (FTIRM) to accelerate interventions for reduction of maternal mortality
  • $15 incentive for professionally assisted deliveries & health equity funds for the poor
  • Increased facility births: 11% in 2002 and 40% in 2008
  • Community involvement , and increasingly that of local government (transport contracts for obstetric emergencies)
what is needed
What is needed?
  • Further strengthening of the health system: incentivized human resources, drugs and supplies, improved 24-hour availability of Emergency Obstetrics and Newborn care, stronger referral systems
  • Improve quality of services
  • Remove financial barriers to care, especially for the poor
  • Higher contraceptive prevalence to avoid unwanted pregnancies
  • Improve family and community practices during pregnancy, delivery and postpartum period
child mortality by poverty status
Child mortality by poverty status

The MDG4 has been met in the richest quintile, but has a long way to go in the poorest one

Sources: Cambodia DHS, 2005

unicef contribution
UNICEF Contribution
  • Strengthen knowledge and evidence base for policy and action: studies, operational research/pilots, good practices
  • Support capacity development of health managers at all levels to effectively plan, implement and monitor quality maternal, newborn and child health and nutrition services
  • Support improvement of quality of care – training of health staff, post training follow-up, coaching and supervision
  • Support empowerment of communities to adopt healthy practices, seek timely and appropriate health care and claim their rights to health and nutrition – media campaigns and interpersonal communication