Modern european revolutions review
1 / 14

Modern European Revolutions: Review - PowerPoint PPT Presentation

  • Uploaded on

Modern European Revolutions: Review. From 1917 to 1989. Russian Revolution, 1917-1921. Historical background: Tsarist state which was slow to modernize politically and economically. Late 19 th century: Rise of revolutionary movements on the left ( Narodniki , Nihilists, Socialists)

I am the owner, or an agent authorized to act on behalf of the owner, of the copyrighted work described.
Download Presentation

PowerPoint Slideshow about 'Modern European Revolutions: Review' - jamar

An Image/Link below is provided (as is) to download presentation

Download Policy: Content on the Website is provided to you AS IS for your information and personal use and may not be sold / licensed / shared on other websites without getting consent from its author.While downloading, if for some reason you are not able to download a presentation, the publisher may have deleted the file from their server.

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

Russian revolution 1917 1921
Russian Revolution, 1917-1921

  • Historical background: Tsarist state which was slow to modernize politically and economically.

  • Late 19th century: Rise of revolutionary movements on the left (Narodniki, Nihilists, Socialists)

  • Flaws of ruling system: Government does not respond effectively to crises it faces, e.g., Russo-Japanese war, 1904-05, Russian Revolution of 1905)

Russian revolution cont
Russian Revolution, cont.

  • Opponents of the regime on the left: Marxist factions (Bolsheviks and Mensheviks); Agrarian socialists (SRs); Anarchists.

  • Failure of Liberalism: Octobrists and Kadets (Duma, parliamentary road to reform and change?)

  • Final crisis: First World War and the collapse of Tsarist regime, 1917.

Russian revolution cont1
Russian Revolution, cont.

  • Revolutionary events of 1917: Provisional government, Soviets (dual power-sharing), the role of crowds

  • Fatal flaws of Provisional Government: opposition from the right (Kornilov) and left (Bolsheviks, etc.)

  • October Revolution of 1917 (Rise of Bolshevism)

Russian revolution cont2
Russian Revolution, cont.

  • Civil War and Revolution, 1918-1921

  • “Reds” vs. “Whites”: Who fought whom? And why?

  • Triumph of the Communists: What did the revolution achieve?

Points to consider

  • Ideological content of revolutionary movements on the left.

  • Role of gender/crowds

  • Phases of revolution: Liberal democratic , radical transformation accompanied by bloodshed/violence.

  • Accomplishments of revolutionaries: Vision of new society, new social and economic forms (art, collective enterprises, media…)

Spanish civil war and revolution
Spanish Civil War and Revolution

  • Historical background: From dictatorship (1923-1930) to Second Republic (1931-1936).

  • Political factions on left and right

  • Breakdown of democracy

Spanish civil war and revolution1
Spanish Civil War and Revolution

  • July rebellion and popular revolution

  • Examples of revolutionary events: Collectivization projects, transforming the urban and rural landscapes (revolutionary cultural, economic, and political forms)

  • International intervention

Spanish civil war and revolution2
Spanish Civil War and Revolution

  • Opposing sides: “Nationalists” vs. “Republicans”

  • Course of war: Major battles and contrasting conditions of war-time society in Nationalist and Republican zones.

Points to consider1
Points to consider

  • Ideological content of revolutionary factions on the left (anarchosyndicalists, etc.)

  • Examples of revolutionary behavior: collectives, dress codes, gender relations, people power.

  • Limits imposed on revolution

Points to consider cont
Points to consider, cont.

  • Accomplishments of revolution: empowering peasants and workers, establishing examples of self-rule/control over key elements of society and economy.

  • Why revolution failed: shortcomings of revolutionary strategy and tactics; role of counter-revolutionary forces on the left; military superiority of Nationalists.

Revolutions of 1989
Revolutions of 1989

  • How had revolutionary model which emerged under the Bolsheviks in 1917-1921 changed over the course of the 20th century?

  • Why were communist regimes established after 1945 non-revolutionary?

  • How would you characterize the “revolutionary” forces which eroded communist rule between 1945 and 1989?

Revolutions of 19891
Revolutions of 1989

  • What general circumstances gave rise to the collapse of communism in 1989: economic conditions, rigidity of communist state systems, persistence of nationalism, pressures/influences from liberal west.

  • Examples of “liberal” revolutions of 1989

Revolutions of 19892
Revolutions of 1989

  • How were the European revolutions of 1989 related to previous revolutions of the 18th, 19th, and 20th centuries?