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Focus Presentation on Indian Transport Scenario. Prof. B.P. Chandrasekhar Director (Technical), NRRDA, Ministry of Rural Development, Government of India Sri Lanka, April, 2005. Profile of India . Area: 3.3 million Sq. Kms. Population: 1.027 billion (2001 Census) GDP: 1100 US $ billion.

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Focus presentation on indian transport scenario l.jpg

Focus Presentation on Indian Transport Scenario

Prof. B.P. Chandrasekhar

Director (Technical), NRRDA,

Ministry of Rural Development,

Government of India

Sri Lanka, April, 2005

Profile of india l.jpg

Profile of India

Area: 3.3 million Sq. Kms.

Population: 1.027 billion (2001 Census)

GDP: 1100 US $ billion.

Per capta income: 1220 US $

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Present Scenario of Transport Sector

Total Road Length: 3.38 million kms.

Railways: Track Kms- 108706

Ports: 12 Major and 195 Minor Ports.

Airports: 5 International, 87 Domestic

Inland Waterways: National Waterways

2716 kms. Total Navigable length 14,544

kms of Major rivers and 485 kms of


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Managerial Responsibility


Panchayati Raj/ Rural Engineering

Departments, Municipalities and UDAs.

RAILWAYS: Ministry of Railways.

PORTS: Ministry of Surface Transport.

AIRPORTS: Ministry of Civil Aviation, Airport

Authority of India.

WATERWAYS: Ministry of Water Resources,

State PWDs.

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System Development Policies and Responsibility.

Each Sub Sector of transport has its own developmental policy, targets and approaches.

Each Ministry or Organization responsible, will prepare action plans at different levels under the overall policy and approval of Planning Commission.

Co-ordination and establishment of compatibility is the responsibility of the Planning Commission.

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Transport Demand Handled by Sub Sectors.

Road Transport:

Passenger Movement : 3000 bpk.

Goods Movement: 800 btk

Rail Transport:

Passenger Movement: 4833 millon

Freight Movement: 473.5 million tonnes.


Freight Handled- 276 million tonnes (Major Ports).

Freight Handled: 36 million tonnes (Minor Ports)


Passengers: 11,235 million seat kms.

Freight : 1138 Tonne kms

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Growth Trends in GDP and Traffic in the Past 5 Decades in %.

GDP: 3.91 to 5.78

Passenger Traffic: 4.25 to 7.94.*

Freight Traffic: 4.07 to 9.30 *

* Pertains to only roads and railways.

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Variation in Plan wise Expenditure from First to Eighth Five Year Plans.

First Five Year : 22.1

Second Five Year : 23.5

Third Five Year : 23.1

Fourth Five Year : 16.0

Fifth Five Year : 14.1

Sixth Five Year : 12.8

Seventh Five Year : 13.5

Eighth Five Year : 12.6

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Indicators Year Plans.

Each of the Sub Sectors established and maintained performance indicators suitable to it.

There is no uniformity in the indicators (parameters).

No Centralized agency to maintain the indicator data of all the Sub Systems for use by different organizations.

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Performance Indicators in Road Transport Year Plans.

For Highways, Urban Roads, Project Roads and Rural Roads the information collected and maintained include :

Total Length in kms.

Length of Surfaced and Unsurfaced Roads.

Length of Surfaced Roads by its category such as WBM, BT, CC etc.

Above information is collected and maintained State wise (including Union Territories), by organization wise such as MoRTH, State PWDs, Municipalities, UDAs, Project Roads by organization etc.

Road accident statistics including fatality and injuries.

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Performance Indicators in Railways Year Plans.

Total Track Kms.

Route Kms by type of traction.

Traffic in terms of Passenger Kms and Tonne Kms.

Wagon and track utilization operating ratios.

Ratio of net revenue to capital – at-charge and investment from capital fund.

Statistics on safety.

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Airways Year Plans.

Available tonne –kms.

Revenue tonne kms.

Overall load factor.

Available seat kms.

Revenue passenger kms.

Passenger load factor.

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Performance Indicators in Ports Year Plans.

Average turnaround time.

Pre - berth waiting time.

Total tonnage handled: Inbound and Outbound.

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Summary of the Present System Year Plans.

In addition to normal accountancy indices of expenditure and revenue, each sub sector has identified basic indicators on both physical entities and performance parameters.

The parameters defer in sub sectors based on the type of operations involved.

The indicators are assessed in isolation with no coordination or impact of other sub systems.

Key indicators applicable for Planning are not being maintained.

Indicators that reflect impact of transport on the society are not being brought out.