Elderly Population in a Labour Market
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Elderly Population in a Labour Market : Resource for the Economy or a New Challenge for Social Policy. Yulia Lezhnina Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia. 10- th ESA Conference Geneva , 7-10 September 2011. Empiric Data.

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Yulia lezhnina higher school of economics moscow russia

Elderly Population in a Labour Market: Resource for the Economy or a New Challenge for Social Policy

Yulia Lezhnina

Higher School of Economics, Moscow, Russia

10-th ESA Conference

Geneva, 7-10 September 2011


Yulia lezhnina higher school of economics moscow russia

Empiric Data

  • Russian Longitudinal Monitoring Survey - RLMS, panel research, 2007 (N= 10350, N(pensioners)=3033), 2005 (N=12237, N (pensioners)=3003); 

  • Needy people in Russia, 2008, hold by Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Science (N=1749, N (pensioners) = 520).

  • Social Policy and Social Reforms by Eyes of Russians, 2006, hold by Institute of Sociology, Russian Academy of Science(N=1750)


Rate of pensioners rosstat 1970 2009
Rate of pensioners,Rosstat, 1970-2009, %



Financial motive for pensioners employment rlms
Financial motive for pensioners’ employment, RLMS

Individual income and income per capita for working and non working pensioners

Income groups: 1— up to 1500 rub, 2 – 1500-2000 rub, 3 –2001-3000 rub, 4 –3001-4000 rub, 5 –4001-6000 rub, 6 – 6001-9000 rub, 7 – more then 9000 rub


Social feeling of pensioners rlms agreement with statements
Social feeling of pensioners, RLMS, % (agreement with statements)



Yulia lezhnina higher school of economics moscow russia

Health status of elderly population in the UK and Russia

Health status of British population aged

61 according to EQ-5D,

1998, %

Health status of Russian population aged

61 according to

EQ-5D, 2005, %





Reciprocal exchange with other households is ras
Reciprocal exchange with other households status for current employer, IS RAS, %


New challenges for social policy
New Challenges for Social Policy status for current employer

According to:

  • approach to Health system,

  • System of education,

  • developing of «family» infrastructure;

    and

  • migration policy,

  • anti-discrimination law,

  • employment policy and labour law


Yulia lezhnina higher school of economics moscow russia

Yulia Lezhnina status for current employer

jlezhnina@gmail.com


Health measurement according to eq 5d
Health measurement according to EQ-5D status for current employer

  • 3 grades estimations (1-3) according to

    • Ability to move

    • Ability to take care of themselves

    • Every day activity

    • Pain and discomfort

    • Anxiety and depression

  • 5 figures code (11111, etc.)

  • Enlarged code (healthy-not healthy-sick)



Consequences of raising the retirement age
Consequences of Survey and RLMSraising the retirement age

  • The greatest impact on the urban labor markets with growth of the unemployed (including youth) in certain segments

  • Conservation of ineffective workforce in case of specific human capital with a low level of general human capital possession

  • The difficulty of access to positions of professionals for more effective and young workers, and maintenance on them low salaries with slowing down of the formation of the Russian middle class

  • Preservation of structural imbalances in the labor market (labor shortage in positions of manual workers, etc.)

    Total effect - reduction of economic efficiency and growth of social tension; reducing the costs of the Pension Fund together with a increase in budget expenditures on a number of other areas (transfer for disability, neediness, etc.)


Additional consequences of raising the retirement age according to different paths
Additional Consequences of raising the retirement age according to differentpaths

One-stage increase (short-term effects):

  • "Ivalidization" of elderly people, especially unskilled workers and increasing the load on health system

    * Bearing high expenditures on adoption of anti-discrimination legislation and the development of expensive retraining programs

    Gradual increase (medium-and long-term effects):

  • Reducing the level of human capital of the country's workforce, including both the reduction of its general qualifications, and deterioration of health

  • The increase of unemployment among pre-pension age population, especially in the stagnating local labor markets

    Necessity of a set of preliminary measures of social policy before raising the retirement age


Yulia lezhnina higher school of economics moscow russia
Схема формирования профессиональных групп