World War II Causes and Early Warfare. Causes. 1. Treaty of Versailles created a bitter peace 2. World-Wide Depression 3. Rise of Totalitarianism 4. Weakness of the League of Nations (Appeasement). Treaty of Versailles and the Bitter Peace.
In aTotalitariancountry, individual rights are not viewed as important as the needs of the nation
Fascism:- military government based on racism & nationalism with strong support from the business community
The League had no standing army, thus no way to enforce international will.
Because of WWI, and especially during the Depression, the member nations lacked the desire to go to war for any reason
Appeasement: The other nations tried to give Germany and Italy some of what they wanted so that the war would not happen.
Thus, at The Munich Conference, (Sept, 1938), Germany, GB and Italy allowed Germany to take the Sudetenland…annexation of Austria had happened in March, 1938, with no objection by the League.
(Miracle At Dunkirk: May 26- June 4: 338,000 British troops evacuated;
June 10 – Italy enters the War)
By mid-1940, the only Allied power remaining was Great Britain…and the Battle of Britain began with a fury in July, 1940.
Why We Fight – US propaganda Film by Frank Capra: https://www.youtube.com/watch?v=Fr9nuTrXaJY&list=PLnrCbdcJZdwQfeZfQD3h1VfA2S1wO3RN9
1884 – 1948
December 7, 1941
“ A day that will live in infamy”
Under the orders of prime minister Tojo, Japanese forces bombed American Naval Base at Pearl Harbor, Hawaii
2,500 people killed; US also suffered heavy losses in ships and planes
Luckily, US aircraft carriers (and 7 destroyers) were out at sea on maneuvers, and the American Fleet and submarine bases, and fuel facilities survived the attack.
The United States declared war on Japan on December 8...Japan’s allies, Germany and Italy declared war on the US on December 11.
Photograph from a Japanese plane of Battleship Row at the beginning of the attack. The explosion in the center is a torpedo strike on the USS Oklahoma.