Download
close reading n.
Skip this Video
Loading SlideShow in 5 Seconds..
Close Reading PowerPoint Presentation
Download Presentation
Close Reading

Close Reading

219 Views Download Presentation
Download Presentation

Close Reading

- - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - E N D - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - - -
Presentation Transcript

  1. Close Reading Revision Pistorius

  2. 1. In the second paragraph, what does the writer’s word choice suggest about Cassio ‘being caught in a drunken brawl’?

  3. Word Choice

  4. Word Choice • Identify and highlight effective word choice • Quote the word(s) • Discuss their connotations • Explain how these connotations help convey the writer’s point.

  5. Denotation • A word’s meaning/ definition • Home: a place where you live

  6. Connotations • A word’s associations • Home: security, warmth, personal, emotional investment, family • Place of residence has the same denotation, but vey different connotations

  7. The character who speaks the lines is Cassio, Othello’s friend and lieutenant, after the relatively trifling matter of being caught in a drunken brawl, though Shakespeare might just as well have given them to Othello himself after he killed his wife. Were Oscar Pistorius to hear Shakespeare’s words today they would no doubt strike an anguished chord.

  8. The character who speaks the lines is Cassio, Othello’s friend and lieutenant, after the relatively trifling matter of being caught in a drunken brawl, though Shakespeare might just as well have given them to Othello himself after he killed his wife. Were Oscar Pistorius to hear Shakespeare’s words today they would no doubt strike an anguished chord.

  9. “trifling” has connotations of something trivial, it suggests an almost dismissive attitude on the writer’s part. This suggests that he feels that, in comparison to Pistorius’ alleged crime, Cassio’s misdemeanour is of no importance.

  10. 2. How effective do you find the writer’s use of imagery in this paragraph?

  11. 2. How effective do you find the writer’s use of imagery in this paragraph?

  12. Imagery

  13. Imagery • Identify the image • Quote the image • Deconstruct the image (literal root and what it is being compared to) • Explain the effect of the comparison

  14. ‘Juliet is the sun’. Romeo compares his beloved to the largest star in our solar system- the giver of life and light. This suggests that he believes Juliet is the most important and powerful thing in his life, clearly conveying the extremely passionate feelings he has for her.

  15. The character who speaks the lines is Cassio, Othello’s friend and lieutenant, after the relatively trifling matter of being caught in a drunken brawl, though Shakespeare might just as well have given them to Othello himself after he killed his wife. Were Oscar Pistorius to hear Shakespeare’s words today they would no doubt strike an anguished chord.

  16. The character who speaks the lines is Cassio, Othello’s friend and lieutenant, after the relatively trifling matter of being caught in a drunken brawl, though Shakespeare might just as well have given them to Othello himself after he killed his wife. Were Oscar Pistorius to hear Shakespeare’s words today they would no doubt strike an anguished chord.

  17. ‘strike an anguished chord.’ The playing of a sad musical note that can be easily recognised is being compared to the similarity between Pisotrius’ situation and Cassio’s words. This is an effective comparison because just as Pistorius recognises his own sad situation in Cassio’s tale of destroyed reputation we find something sad we can relate to in ‘an anguished chord’.

  18. 3. Show how the writer’s word choice conveys his feelings about the police investigation in the third paragraph.

  19. 3. Show how the writer’s word choice conveys his feelings about the police investigation in the third paragraph.

  20. This is not to suggest that Pistorius shot his girlfriend, ReevaSteenkamp, in a jealous rage. All will presumably be revealed in court in due time. Although it does appear, unless the South African police have made an atrocious mess of their investigation, that Pistorius owned a gun and was alone in his house with his victim at the moment of the crime. The only question seems to be whether the killing was premeditated, as the state claims, or, in some way or another, involuntary.

  21. This is not to suggest that Pistorius shot his girlfriend, ReevaSteenkamp, in a jealous rage. All will presumably be revealed in court in due time. Although it does appear, unless the South African police have made an atrocious mess of their investigation, that Pistorius owned a gun and was alone in his house with his victim at the moment of the crime. The only question seems to be whether the killing was premeditated, as the state claims, or, in some way or another, involuntary.

  22. ‘mess’ has connotations of something chaotic and disorganised. This suggests that the police investigation was lacking structure and ineffective at best.

  23. 4. Show how paragraphs four and five help you to understand the meaning of ‘tragic hero’.

  24. 4. Show how paragraphs four and five help you to understand the meaning of ‘tragic hero’.

  25. Give the meaning of ‘tragic hero’ • By quoting, or referring closely to the passage, explain how you got this meaning.

  26. Tragic hero means a person/ character who achieves great things in their life before being undone by a flaw and then suffering a tremendous decline. • Paragraph four refers to the achievements of both Othello and Pistorius ‘overcoming seemingly insurmountable objects’. • Paragraph five refers to his ‘spectacular fall for grace’. This helps me to understand a tragic hero as one who experiences both a tremendous rise and fall.

  27. 5. Show how the writer’s use of language in paragraph four conveys a sense of Pistorius’ achievements? (4)

  28. 5. Show how the writer’s use of language in paragraph four conveys a sense of Pistorius’ achievements? (4)

  29. Use of language • Imagery • Word choice • Sentence Structure • Tone • Other relevant features of style

  30. Whatever the case, while not forgetting the sorrow and pain of ReevaSteenkamp’s family, Pistorius is, like Othello, a tragic hero. Both triumphed after overcoming seemingly insuperable obstacles. Othello, as a Moor, as a black man who rose to become an admired general in the city state of Venice; Pistorius, in a tale that would have defied even Shakespeare’s powers of imagination and is unequalled in terms of sheer will-power in the history of sport, as an Olympic runner who had his legs amputated between his knees and his ankles at the age of 11 months.

  31. Whatever the case, while not forgetting the sorrow and pain of ReevaSteenkamp’s family, Pistorius is, like Othello, a tragic hero. Both triumphed after overcoming seemingly insuperable obstacles. Othello, as a Moor, as a black man who rose to become an admired general in the city state of Venice; Pistorius, in a tale that would have defied even Shakespeare’s powers of imagination and is unequalled in terms of sheer will-power in the history of sport, as an Olympic runner who had his legs amputated between his knees and his ankles at the age of 11 months.

  32. Imagery- ‘overcoming seemingly insuperable obstacles’ • This compares a person hurdling or climbing over physical impediments to their progress, that appeared insurmountable, to Pistorius overcoming his disability to become an Olympic athlete. This conveys the incredible, almost unbelievable progress he made in his athletic career.

  33. Word choice • “unequalled” has connotations of something unique, memorable and truly outstanding. This suggests that Pisotrius’ sporting achievements have never been matched; they are they pinnacle of all athletic triumphs.

  34. Show how the writer’s use of language in paragraph five highlights Pistorius’ ‘fall from grace’. (4) (A)

  35. Show how the writer’s use of language in paragraph five highlights Pistorius’ ‘fall from grace’. (4) (A)

  36. Even if Pistorius avoids the mandatory life sentence for premeditated murder, even if somehow he were to recover his freedom, his reputation is shot and he is condemned to eke out the rest of his days as a sad shadow of the heroic, world famous figure he had struggled so valiantly to become. But while he stamped his name on the global map by managing to compete against able-bodied athletes in last year’s London Olympic Games, it is within South Africa that he has been most prized and cherished for longest, and where the shock at his fall from grace is most sharply felt.

  37. Even if Pistorius avoids the mandatory life sentence for premeditated murder, even if somehow he were to recover his freedom, his reputation is shot and he is condemned to eke out the rest of his days as a sad shadow of the heroic, world famous figure he had struggled so valiantly to become. But while he stamped his name on the global map by managing to compete against able-bodied athletes in last year’s London Olympic Games, it is within South Africa that he has been most prized and cherished for longest, and where the shock at his fall from grace is most sharply felt.

  38. Word Choice • ‘Condemned’ has connotations of guilt, punishment and suffering. This suggests that the rest of Pisotrius’ life will be like a prison sentence, whether he is in jail or not.

  39. Imagery • a sad shadow of the heroic, world famous figure • This compares the rough image cast by an object to what Pistorius’ life will become. This is an effective comparison because just like a shadow is a lesser imitation of the real thing, so his life will pale in comparison with the glory he experience before. It also suggests he will be removed form the glory and ‘limelight’ of fame.

  40. 7. Explain in what sense Pistorius’ story mirrored his country’s (paragraph six)3 (u)

  41. 7. Explain in what sense Pistorius’ story mirrored his country’s (paragraph six)3 (u) • Three points • Own words

  42. The very early stages of his life seemed bleak and with little hope, matching the misery of Apartheid within South Africa at that time • His life then followed a similar upward trajectory to his country: it overcame Apartheid and he overcame his amputation to play rugby. • Both then had great hope for what they could achieve in the future.

  43. 8. How does the first sentence of paragraph eight perform a linking function in the writer’s argument at this point? (2) U

  44. 8. How does the first sentence of paragraph eightperform a linking function in the writer’s argument at this point? (2) U

  45. How to answer: • Identify in the linking sentence two words or phrases: one pointing back and one pointing forward. • Link the backward pointing one with the relevant part of the previous paragraph. • Link the forward one with the relevant parts of the following paragraph. • You must have followed all four of these steps to be awarded two marks.

  46. Yet now Pistorius has become a symbol of South Africa’s dark side, revealing the shadows South Africans themselves fear but would rather keep hidden from the world.

  47. Yet now Pistorius has become a symbol of South Africa’s dark side, revealing the shadows South Africans themselves fear but would rather keep hidden from the world.

  48. ‘Pistoriushas become a symbol’ refers back to the previous discussion of how his story was seen to represent his country’s. • ‘dark side’ introduces discussion of the problems within South Africa that he has now become associated with.

  49. 9. Explain fully the irony of Zuma’s message.

  50. 9. Explain fully the irony of Zuma’s message.