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August 6 th , 2013. On your own sheet of paper, define Conflict.

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august 6 th 2013
August 6th, 2013
  • On your own sheet of paper, define Conflict.
  • How does this literary term relate to your life? To our nation? To literature? Can you have a life without conflict? Why or why not? (Write in complete sentences. 75words minimum. Make sure to put your word count at the bottom of your paragraph and circle.)

Conflict is the struggle between opposing forces in a story or play. There are two types of conflict that exist in literature.

external conflict
External Conflict

External conflict exists when a character struggles against some outside force, such as another character, nature, society, or fate.

Man vs. Man Man vs. Society

Man vs. Nature

internal conflict
Internal Conflict

Internal conflict exists within the mind of a character who is torn between different courses of action.

Man vs. Himself

what is characterization
What is characterization?
  • Characterization is the way writers create and describe a character for the reader.
  • There are two types of characterization:
    • Direct Characterization
    • Indirect Characterization
direct characterization
Direct Characterization
  • Direct characterizationtells the audience what the personality of the character is.
    • “The patient boy and quiet girl were well mannered and never disobeyed their mother.”
    • The author directly tells the personality of both children:
      • The boy is “patient.”
      • The girl is “quiet.”
indirect characterization
Indirect Characterization
  • Writers most often use indirect characterizationto show (not tell) things that reveal the personality of a character:
      • The character’s speech,
      • The character’s thoughts,
      • The effectthe character has on others,
      • The character’s actions,
      • The physical “looks” of the character
steal for indirect characterization
STEAL for Indirect Characterization
  • Speech
  • Thoughts
  • Effect on others
  • Actions
  • Looks
s teal

“S” stands for SPEECH.

Why it works:

Writers help readers learn about a character by giving the character something to say and a unique way to say it. This brings out the

personality of characters!

s t eal

“T” stands for THOUGHTS.

What can we learn about the character through reading his/her/its private thoughts?

Why it works:

Writers allow readers to learn the private thoughts of characters to learn the

personality of characters.

st e al

“E” stands for EFFECT ON OTHERS

What can be learned about the character by reading how other characters feel or act around the him/her/it?

Why it works:

Writers create relationships for characters to help readers learn the personality of characters.

ste a l

“A” stands for ACTIONS.

What does the character do?

How does the character behave?

Why it works:

Writers create actions for characters

to help readers learn the

personality of characters.

stea l

“L” stands for LOOKS.

What does the character look like?

How does the character dress?

Why it works:

Writers use descriptions of a character’s physical attributes to help readers learn the

personality of characters.

direct or indirect
Direct or Indirect?

“I'm happy working at a gas station. Working with cars. I'm dumb. It's alright, I don't mind. You're not Pony. You'd never be happy doing something like that.”

  • Look at this example and figure out if the writer used direct or indirect characterization:

From The Outsiders:

(Sodapop talking to Ponyboy)

direct or indirect1
Direct or Indirect?

“Johnny, you don't know what a few months in jail can do to you, man. You get mean in jail, I just don't wanna see that happen to you like it happened to me, man. Understand?”

Look at this example and figure out if the writer used direct or

indirect characterization to help us figure out the personality of

Dallas Winston (Dally) in this passage:

From The Outsiders:

(Dally talking with Johnny)