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Michigan’s Evolving State Context for Non-Motorized Transportation Advocacy. MI Dept. of Community Health: Karen Petersmarck League of Michigan Bicyclists: Lucinda Means Trails and Greenways: Nancy Krupiarz Dept. of Transportation: Cynthia Krupp.

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michigan s evolving state context for non motorized transportation advocacy

Michigan’s Evolving State Context for Non-Motorized Transportation Advocacy

MI Dept. of Community Health: Karen Petersmarck

League of Michigan Bicyclists: Lucinda Means

Trails and Greenways: Nancy Krupiarz

Dept. of Transportation: Cynthia Krupp

In Michigan, advocacy for non-motorized transportation has a new look. The Lycra and Spandex image has been upgraded to “office casual.”
our goals for you today
Our Goals for You Today:

You will leave here with ideas for:

  • Getting INSIDE the system to promote biking and walking.
  • Some public-private approaches that could work in your state.
getting inside the world of public health
Getting Inside the World of Public Health


MDCH strives for a healthier Michigan. To that end, the department will:

  • Take steps to prevent disease, promote wellness and improve quality of life.
what s in it for us
What’s In It For Us?
  • It’s our job to make it easier for people to be healthy!
  • We are expected to work on “active communities.”

We didn’t learn how to do it in school!

three ways bike and ped activists have gotten inside public health
Three Ways Bike and Ped Activists Have Gotten “Inside” Public Health
  • Active Communities Award
  • State plans
  • Health conferences
the active communities award
The Active Communities Award

In Michigan, we start on the path to becoming an active community by applying for an award.

Gov. Jennifer Granholm presenting Active Communities Award

the beauty of an award
The Beauty of an Award

Each community

  • Assesses itself
  • Earns points for efforts toward walkability/bikability

No one has to preach!


Promoting Active Communities Award

Now: Web-Based, Interactive Application

  • Instant feedback
  • Links to resources
  • Automated report


previously paper and pencil
Previously, Paper and Pencil!

You can do this in your state or province!


Promoting Active Communities Award

How the Award Works

Points earned in six categories.

promoting active communities award
Promoting Active Communities Award

Six categories of assessment

  • Policies & planning (most points)
  • Pedestrian & bicycle safety/ facilities
  • Community resources
  • Worksites
  • Schools
  • Public transportation

Section 1:

  • Policies and Planning

When roads and streets are built or repaired, bike facilities are always included when possible.

New residential areas are required to have sidewalks.

“Sidewalk furniture” (newspaper vending machines, advertising signs, flags, etc.) is required to be out of the path of walkers or wheelchair users.



Section 1:

  • Policies and Planning

The governing body has adopted an official plan for improving non-motorized transportation, including a timetable and a budget.

More Examples:

Transportation planning and funding address the following important safety concerns for bicyclists and pedestrians:

  • Making sewer grates bicycle friendly.
  • Creating well-marked crosswalks…
  • Performing regular maintenance…

Section 2:

  • Pedestrian and Bicycle Safety and Facilities

Abandoned railroad beds are being converted to walking/ bicycling trails.

Shopping malls and strip malls have safe approaches for pedestrians and cyclists.



Section 3:

  • Community Resources

Walking incentive programs are available to residents.

Sports leagues are available for adults and youth.




Bike racks?

Safe area to walk or exercise?

Walking club?

  • Section 4: Worksites

Examples: Consider the four employers in the community with the largest work forces.


Did elementary schools participate in National Walk Your Child to School Day last fall?

How many days

per week were children

receiving physical education?

  • Section 5: Schools



Section 6:

  • Public Transportation

The community has a system of public transportation.

Park-and-drive lots are available so

that bicyclists and auto drivers can conveniently park vehicles while using public transportation.



Promoting Active Communities Award

  • Five Levels of Awards
  • Communities have:
  • Level 1: Made a commitment…
  • Level 2: Taken significant steps…
  • Level 3: Achieved significant progress…
  • Level 4: Documented outstanding achievements…
  • Level 5: Are models of commitment…
  • to healthy, active living.
the award benefits communities
The Award Benefits Communities:
  • Raises awareness
  • Creates partnerships
  • Inspires change

Promoting Active Communities Award

Inspiring Change…

  • Jackson
    • Developed short-and long-range plans for safe walking and biking infrastructure improvements.
  • Detroit—Southwest
    • Measured walking routes around community parks and created signage to show distances (in English and Spanish)
getting inside the world of public health1
“Getting Inside the World of Public Health”

State Plans

  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Injuries
  • Obesity
getting inside the world of public health2
“Getting Inside the World of Public Health”


  • “Designing Active Communities”
  • Cardiovascular Disease
  • Injuries
  • Obesity
getting inside public health first steps
Getting Inside Public Health: First Steps
  • Find out who is in charge:

Chronic Disease

      • Heart disease
      • Obesity
      • Injury control
      • Physical activity
  • Offer to help
  • Make a friend
pro bike pro walk september 2004

Pro Bike Pro Walk September 2004

League of Michigan Bicyclists

Lansing, Michigan


moving from outsider to insider
Moving from “Outsider” to “Insider”


  • Start small
  • Prove yourself
  • Identify their priorities
  • Pursue win-win projects
  • “Carry the water” for their project or priority
  • Say “yes” to work groups
lmb partnerships since 1997
LMB Partnerships Since 1997
  • MDOT
  • Metropolitan Planning Organizations
  • Michigan Dept. of Community Health
  • Office of Highway Safety Planning (State Police)
  • Dept. of Management and Budget
  • Dept. of Labor and Economic Growth
  • Travel Michigan
how we got started
How We Got Started

Michigan Dept. of Transportation

Built on existing projects and relationships

  • Regular meetings with Non-Motorized staffers
  • LMB Poster Calendar
  • Biking info in welcome centers at state borders
  • Biking content for MDOT website and brochures
how we got started continued
How We Got Started, continued…

Metropolitan Planning Organizations

  • Found champions in two MPOs
  • Their mandate: improving public input in transportation and land use planning
  • Viewed us as credible reps of stakeholders
  • Helped plan regional traffic safety summit
next steps
Next Steps

Michigan Department of Community Health

  • Attended a public health conference to schmooze.
  • Served on several multi-agency work groups.
  • Demonstrated expertise and willingness to help
  • Invited to help develop Active Community Award
  • Invited to present at CVD conference
  • Invited to develop state plan for cardiovascular health
  • Safety education contracts
the most challenging partner
The Most Challenging Partner

Office of Highway Safety Planning (State Police)

  • Critical agency
    • Federal Traffic Safety Money (402 funds)
    • Traffic Safety Planning for state
  • Toughest nut to crack
  • Had to rely on state agency partners for entré
    • Co-present at annual Traffic Safety Summit
    • Serving with MDCH, MDOT staffers on non-motorized action team
rare opportunity
Rare Opportunity

Dept. of Management and Budget

  • Cross-town freeway construction
  • Affected 10,000 state employees
  • Invited to deliver bike commuting classes for downtown state employees
a neat dovetail
A Neat Dovetail

Dept. of Labor and Economic Growth

  • Awarded small grant for bike commuter manual for state employees
  • Ties in with “Cool Cities”

Travel Michigan

  • Invited to create biking section for state tourism website
moving from outsider to insider1
Moving from “Outsider” to “Insider”

Tactics Review:

  • Start small
  • Prove yourself
  • Identify their priorities
  • Pursue win-win projects
  • “Carry the water” for their project or priority
  • Say “yes” to work groups
trails integral projects for state partnership

Integral Projects for State Partnership

MichiganField Office


September 2004


In Michigan, Trails have played a part in:

Cool Cities Initiative

Safe Routes to School

Transportation Summit


Land Use



Healthy Communities Network

MI Steps Up

Michigan Cardiovascular Health Task Force

Designing Healthy Livable Communities Conference

MI Land Use Leadership Council

trail projects by nature convene many stakeholder groups
Land Use Planners

Transportation Planners

Parks and Rec


Landscape Architects

Downtown Development Authorities

Outdoors activists

Environmental groups

Elected Officials

Chambers of Commerce

Health and Fitness groups

Trail projects by nature convene many stakeholder groups

All fit into one state department or another!

trails and greenways legislative day may 2004
Trails and Greenways Legislative Day – May, 2004
  • Planning Committee of Diverse Interests:

Health, Transportation, Natural Resources,Bicycling, Environmental Advocacy

  • Produced 3 key messages to be incorporated in all materials
  • Selected legislative focus from these messages.
3 key messages
3 Key Messages

Connected Communities are Healthy Communities – Trails Work!!

  • Transportation
  • Health
  • Conservation
  • Recreation
3 key messages1
3 Key Messages

Everyone Wins Economically with Trails

and Greenways

  • Economic Growth – Community Revitalization and business investment
  • Save Health Care Costs
  • Retain Work Force through Quality of Life enhancements
3 key messages2
3 Key Messages

Trails and Greenways bring people and local governments together!

  • Serve as Outdoor Meeting Places
  • Foster Community development and pride
  • Form Local Partnerships
Constituent visits carried the messages as it related to their trail


Advocated legislation for trails but also non-motorized in general

Formed a trails caucus in the Legislature

Opened the door for future discussion on all non-motorized topics and their relation to health, transportation, land use, and the economy


Michigan’s Cool Cities Initiative

“Michigan’s economic future lies in creating vibrant communities that are magnets for people, jobs and opportunity.”

--Governor Granholm


Respondents Described “Cool City”

  • Bikeable/walkable community
  • Revitalized, energized downtown
  • Sense of place
  • Creative opportunities, diverse housing, wired for technology
  • Historic preservation meets new world
trails as cool cities projects
Trails as “Cool Cities” Projects
  • > $100,000 Catalyst Grants, toolbox of applicable resources, and lots of technical assistance
  • Some Cool Cities grants awarded to biking/walking facility developments
  • “One-stop shopping” format of Cool Cities program opened doors to $$
a trail s involvement in cool cities
A trail’s involvement in Cool Cities

High Visibility from a state/local multi-agency team = More $$, More action

New Diverse Stakeholders for Strategizing Implementation

For more info: www.coolcities.com


Safe Routes to School


Conservancy and

League of MI

Bicyclists were

First to the

Table with





Achieved a spot at the table in statewide coalition

Invited Trail Communities to apply for Pilot School Grants

One school achieved a major trail link across private property to school

the key is
The Key is . . .
  • Show you deserve a place at the Table through

--relationship building

--initiate action to help

  • Show up and contribute (whether it’s directly related to your topic or not --general expertise and leadership is helpful too)
  • Keep in contact and look for your entry

MichiganField Office


getting inside the world of departments of transportation
Getting Inside the World of Departments of Transportation

Context Sensitive Solutions

September 8, 2004

context sensitive solutions css
Context Sensitive Solutions (CSS)
  • Accomplishments
  • Partnerships
  • work within the system
context sensitive solutions
Context Sensitive Solutions

According to the FHWA, CSS is “A collaborative, interdisciplinary approach that involves all stakeholders to develop a transportation facility that fits its physical setting and preserves scenic, aesthetic, historic, and environmental resources, while maintaining safety and mobility”

I-94 Public Hearings

context sensitive solutions1
Context Sensitive Solutions
    • Develop designs that meet the needs of specific sites rather than using standardized solutions
  • Streetscape Downtown Saginaw
  • M-22 Glen Arbor Bridge, Leelanau
  • County
context sensitive solutions2
Context Sensitive Solutions
  • Beulah Bridge, Benzie County
  • (Local Input regarding “look” of
  • new bridge)
context sensitive solutions3
Context Sensitive Solutions
  • Aesthetic concerns can be addressed by use of natural material to blend with the landscape
  • Using architectural features to create a unique appearance
context sensitive solutions4
Context Sensitive Solutions
  • CSS does not have to be expensive or complex
context sensitive solutions5
Context Sensitive Solutions
  • Striping of existing roadway to channel traffic
context sensitive solutions6
Context Sensitive Solutions

Since 1992, MDOT has awarded $200 million in Transportation Enhancement Program grants

Landscaping along trunkline

Preservation of Depot


context sensitive solutions7
Context Sensitive Solutions
  • Over the past 11 years, MDOT has contributed $6.5 million in match money through the Transportation Enhancement Program toward $32.7 million in nonmotorized projects which benefit pedestrians, bicyclists and other forms of non-highway transportation
  • Pedestrian Facilities along trunklines
  • Non-motorized facilities as part of a trunkline
context sensitive solutions8
Context Sensitive Solutions

Public Involvement -

How we listen

  • 26 Transportation Service Centers located statewide
  • TSC responsible for project scoping
  • Day to day contact with citizens, local officials and stakeholders
public involvement
Public Involvement

How we listen

MDOT’s public involvement process is to obtain as much public participation and comment as possible

nonmotorized partnerships
Nonmotorized Partnerships
  • Training Program
  • Information and Distribution
  • Bicycle Facility Map Prototype
  • Bike Summit
cooperative planning
Cooperative Planning
  • Kalamazoo Nonmotorized Plan
  • Southeast Michigan Greenways Study
  • Southeast Michigan Green Ways Initiative
  • Macomb County Trail Acquisition and Dev.
  • Pere Marquette Study
  • The Southwest Study
healthy communities initiatives
Healthy Communities Initiatives
  • Safe Routes to School
  • Designing Healthy, Liviable Communities
  • Increased emphasis on pedestrian safety
  • Governor’s “Cool Cities”
nonmotorized policy and csd
Nonmotorized Policy and CSD
  • Nonmotorized Partnerships
  • Cooperative Planning
  • Healthy Communities Initiatives
context sensitive solutions9
Context Sensitive Solutions

Public Involvement - How we listen

Transportation Summit December 3,4 2003


context sensitive solutions10
Context Sensitive Solutions

Continuous Improvement

  • Interdisciplinary internal working group

to examine balance issue

  • Work with stakeholders to develop guidelines
css focus groups
CSS Focus Groups
  • Safety
  • Historic/Cultural/Community
  • Environmental Quality
  • Economic Development
  • Mobility
  • Public and Agency
  • Aesthetics
csd focus group worksheet
CSD Focus Group Worksheet
  • Focus Area: (What?)
  • Background: (Why?)
  • Alternatives Discussed: (How?)
  • Recommendations: (Specify if for CSD Policy, Guideline or Procedure)
  • Define Success:
we need partnerships
We Need Partnerships!

Context Sensitive Solutions