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Measuring and Reducing the Standardization Gap. Dr. Laura DeNardis, Yale Law School. Nadi, Fiji, 17 September 2009. Presentation Agenda. Research Project Building Standards Capacity in the Developing World. Questionnaire Tool for Assessing Standards Capability.

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Measuring and Reducing the Standardization Gap


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measuring and reducing the standardization gap

Measuring and Reducing the Standardization Gap

Dr. Laura DeNardis,

Yale Law School

Nadi, Fiji, 17 September 2009

country case studies
Country Case Studies

Mongolia

China

Lebanon

Thailand

Mali

mongolia
Mongolia
  • Standards Policy and Strategy
    • ICT standards policy and strategy is developed by the ICTPA of Mongolia (Information, Communications, Technology and Post Authority)
  • Government Standardization Agency
    • Mongolian Agency for Standardization and Metrology (MASM)
    • Government regulatory agency responsible for coordinating and managing standardization
    • Reports to Deputy Prime Minister's office
    • MASM Council made up of government officials, academics, research scientists, industry, and NGOs
    • The MASM’s 13th Technical Committee is for ICT
mongolia1
Mongolia

Mongolian Agency for Standardization and Metrology

" The aim of MASM in standardization is to contribute to the development of the Mongolian society, economy, industry and trade by establishing standards on the basis of mutual understanding and voluntary agreement between parties in governmental authorities, industry and business, with regard to consumers' rights, and in continuously developing standardization activities aligned to the market system."

mongolia2
Mongolia
  • Mongolian Agency for Standardization and Metrology
    • Main functions
      • Standardization (approves and publishes all Mongolian standards)
      • Certification
      • Establishment of national measurement standards
      • Legal metrology
      • Accreditation
      • Training and consulting
      • International cooperation (and represents Mongolia in international standardization)
    • 5 departments; 2 offices
    • 120 staff members
    • Local centers for standardization/metrology in 21 provinces
mongolia masm information about standards and standards organizations http www estandard mn
MongoliaMASM information about standards and standards organizations http://www.estandard.mn/
mongolia laws governing national standards development adoption and promotion
MongoliaLaws Governing National Standards Development, Adoption, and Promotion

“The purpose of standardization is to protect public interest, human health, the environment and security of the nation and enhance the compatibility of products..”

  • The development, application and promotion of national standards are set out in the Mongolian law on "Standardization and Conformity Assessment"
    • Adopted in 2003
    • Defines legal grounds for standardization and conformity assessment
    • Regulates relations between the government, citizens, business entities and organizations involved in standardization
mongolia country self assessment on standardization
MongoliaCountry Self-Assessment on Standardization
  • Some Strengths
    • Strong national standards body
    • Strong Private industry involvement in standards development
    • Increasing number of national standards, usually based on international standards
    • Mongolian law on Standardization and Conformity Assessment
  • Some Opportunities
    • Inadequate technical infrastructure for broader public involvement
    • Not extensive educational opportunities in standardization
    • International standards bodies can increase standards training and seminars
    • More government funding of ICT standards development and processing
china
China
  • Standardization Administration of China (SAC)
    • Standards organization, authorized by the State Council of China, responsible for management, supervision, and overall coordination of standardization in China
  • China Communications Standards Association (CCSA)
    • Established in 2002
    • Membership: corporations, universities, and other societies
    • Conducts standardization activities under the guidance of the Ministry of Information Industry and other authorities
      • Promulgate laws, regulations and policies on standardization
      • Propose standards R&D projects; conduct compliance testing and interoperability testing
      • Promote standards implementation through consultation/training
      • Domestic and international exchange cooperation in ICT standards
      • Undertake work related to standardization commissioned by the authority, members of CCSA or other organizations.
thailand country self assessment on standardization
ThailandCountry Self-Assessment on Standardization
  • Some Strengths
    • Use of ITU recommendations
    • National standards agencies in information technology and telecommunications
    • Some participation in regional and international ICT standards development processes
  • Some Opportunities
    • Need greater technical infrastructure to participate in ICT standards development and adoption
    • Limited number of standards education and training opportunities beyond ITU programs
    • Opportunities for ICT standards conferences in country
lebanon country self assessment on standardization
LebanonCountry Self-Assessment on Standardization
  • Some Strengths
    • Existence of a national standards body
    • Participation in international standards development
    • Education about standards, including in higher education courses
  • Some Opportunities
    • Need for standards awareness training
    • Opportunity for greater government standards funding
    • Need for an overall assessment of standards landscape
mali country self assessment on standardization
MaliCountry Self-Assessment on Standardization
  • Some Strengths
    • Access to electronic training courses and materials
    • Some ICT standards information in higher education
    • Existence of a national ICT standards agency
  • Some Opportunities
    • No national standards body or committee
    • Private industry involvement in ICT standards development
    • Few standards experts in country
    • No government standards budget
national standards capability scale
National Standards Capability Scale

National Standards Strategy

Regional and International Participation in Standards Development

Adoption of Standards in Products and Services

Minimal Standards Capability other than Use of Products Based on Standards

Level 1:

Low Standards Capability

Level 2:

Basic Standards Capability

Level 3:

Intermediate Standards Capability

Level 4:

Advanced Standards Capability