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SOL Review Questions: Society, Culture, and Domestic Affairs in US History. A Review for the SOL Test. Question #1. \_\_\_\_\_1. Which of the following WAS NOT a part of the Radical Republicans plan for Reconstruction? The 13 th Amendment to end slavery.

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sol review questions society culture and domestic affairs in us history

SOL Review Questions: Society, Culture, and Domestic Affairs in US History

A Review for the SOL Test

question 1
Question #1

_____1. Which of the following WAS NOT a part of the Radical Republicans plan for Reconstruction?

  • The 13th Amendment to end slavery.
  • The Freedman’s Bureau to aid former slaves.
  • The 15th Amendment to insure suffrage.
  • Establishment of Black Codes in Southern States
question 2
Question #2

_____2. The Compromise of 1877 resulted in -

  • Samuel Tildon becoming President of the U.S.A
  • The end of slavery in the United States.
  • The end of Reconstruction in the American South.
  • The creation of the Dakota Territory.
question 3
Question #3

_____3. Which of the states below is a Northeastern State?

  • Ohio
  • Washington
  • Maryland
  • New Hampshire
question 4
Question #4

_____4. Which of the following states would be considered a Southeastern State?

  • Nebraska
  • Arizona
  • Pennsylvania
  • Alabama
question 5
Question #5

_____5. The dry, arid, grassland which starts around the 100’W meridian and extends west to the Rocky Mountains is known as –

  • The Central Plains
  • The Interior Lowlands
  • The Great Plains
  • The Steppe
question 6
Question #6

_____6. This act promised 160 acres of land to anyone who paid a small filing fee and agreed to live on the land for five (5) years. During the five years, they must improve the land by planting crops or building a home –

  • Homestead Act
  • Dawes Act
  • Western Lands Act
  • Sedition Act
question 7
Question #7

_____7. The Central Pacific railroad hired these immigrants because they worked efficiently and did dangerous work without complaint –

  • German immigrants
  • Chinese immigrants
  • Russian immigrants
  • Mexican immigrants
question 8
Question #8

_____8. Which of the following economic and social changes took place because of the construction of Transcontinental Railroads?

  • Time zones were invented and began to be used.
  • More Americans began to settle in the West.
  • Trade increased between the Western states and Eastern states.
  • All of the above. 
question 9
Question #9

_____9. Long drives generally started in Southwestern Texas and ended at –

  • Chicago, IL
  • boomtowns
  • railroads
  • major rivers
question 10
Question #10
  • Meat was used for food.
  • Hides were used for clothing and shelter.
  • Bones were used for weapons and ceremony.
  • Nomadic lifestyle

_____10. Identify both the Native American tribe being described and the animal –

  • Cheyenne Tribe, dogs
  • Nez Perce Tribe, walrus
  • Arapaho, cattle
  • Lakota (Sioux), buffalo
question 11
Question #11

_____11. All of the following were reasons for American settlers to move West EXCEPT –

  • better opportunities for former slaves.
  • the discovery of gold and silver deposits in the West.
  • advances in transportation.
  • Violent conflicts between Native American tribes and Mexicans settlers.
question 12
Question #12

_____12. The official policy of the United States of America towards Native Americans was –

  • Every Native American must accept Jesus Christ as their savior and convert to Christianity.
  • Native Americans must live on reservations.
  • Native Americans would be allowed to trade with Americans and travel through their towns.
  • Native Americans should be fought to the death.
question 13
Question #13

_____13. The immediate outcome of the Battle of Little Bighorn was –

  • victory for the United States Army: the Sioux retreated to the reservation.
  • defeat for Custer and his men; they were forced to retreat to St. Louis, MO.
  • victory for the United States Army; the Sioux tribe fled to Canada.
  • defeat for the U.S. Army; Custer was killed and the 7th Cavalry was wiped out.
question 14
Question #14
  • “I am tired of fighting. Our chiefs are killed…the little children are freezing to death. My people, some of them have run away to the hills and have no blankets, no food; no one knows where they are – perhaps freezing to death. I want to have time to look for my children and see how many I can find. Maybe I shall find them among the dead.

Hear me my chiefs. I am tired. My heart is sick and sad. From where the sun now stands, I will fight no more forever.”

_____14. Identify the chief quoted in the text box on the bottom of this page –

  • Chief Joseph
  • Tecumseh
  • Crazy Horse
  • Sitting Bull
question 15
Question #15

_____15. Because the Great Plains offered little wood to build traditional houses with, many settlers lived in –

  • tepees
  • tents
  • sod houses
  • Conestoga wagons
question 16
Question #16

_____16. John Deere invented this important agricultural product –

  • Mechanical Reaper
  • Barbed Wire
  • Steel Plow
  • Cotton Gin
question 17
Question #17

_____17. This invention ended the long drive of cattle and led to conflict between ranchers and farmers –

  • railroads and trains
  • barbed wire
  • assembly line
  • dry farming
question 18
Question #18
  • Turning soil over after short rainfalls or heavy dews.
  • Weeding out unwanted plants to save water.
  • Planting seeds deep in the ground to save water.
  • Leaving fields fallow (unplanted) for a season to allow water and nutrients to build up again.
  • Windmills to bring water to the surface

_____18. All of the techniques in the box above are examples of –

  • Dry Farming
  • Sharecropping
  • Exodusting
  • Dust Bowling
question 19
Question #19

_____19. This former Indian reservation was opened up for settlement in 1889; the land was first come first serve –

  • Dakota Territory
  • California
  • Oklahoma
  • Colorado
question 20
Question #20

_____20. Tracts of land which were set aside for Native Americans to settle upon were known as –

  • Territories
  • Estuaries
  • National Parks
  • Reservations
question 21
Question #21

_____21. Which region of the nation was most closely associated with the textile manufacturing industry?

  • The Southwest
  • New England
  • The Great Plains
  • Pacific Northwest
question 22
Question #22

_____22. Which city is most closely associated with the steel industry?

  • Pittsburgh
  • New York City
  • Philadelphia
  • Detroit
question 23
Question #23

_____23. Which city is closely tied to the automobile industry?

A. St. Louis

B. Cincinnati

C. Detroit

D. Philadelphia

question 24
Question #24

_____24. Which of the cities below is most closely associated with the meatpacking industry?

A. Washington, D.C. B. Chicago

C. Santa Fe D. Seattle

question 25
Question #25

_____25. Which of the inventors below was credited with creating the first telephone?

A. Alexander Bell

B. Thomas Alva Edison

C. Henry Ford

D. Cyrus McCormick

question 26
Question #26

_____26. Which of the following individuals first used the assembly line to mass produce automobiles?

A. Chevrolet

B. Henry Ford

C. Ransom Olds

D. Duryea

question 27
Question #27

_____27. Which of the following reasons WAS NOT a cause of the growth of urban centers in America during the late 1800s and early 1900s?

  • Immigration of Europeans to the United States
  • The migration of African-Americans to Northern cities
  • Manufacturing jobs in northern industrial centers
  • The Homestead Act
question 28
Question #28

_____28. Overcrowded apartment buildings where immigrant families lived in poverty were called –

A. slums

B. tenements

C. public housing

D. suburbs

question 29
Question #29

_____29. Parties who organized immigrant neighborhoods to vote for their candidates by providing favors or simply buying their votes were called –

A. partisans

B. political machines

C. libertarians

D. socialists

question 30
Question #30

_____30. She was the founder of the Chicago settlement house called Hull House –

A. Susan B.Anthony

B. Elizabeth Cady Stanton

C. Dorothea Dix

D. Jane Addams

question 31
Question #31

_____31. Which of the following factors caused a rise in big businesses across America during the late 1800s?

  • Cheap Immigrant Laborers
  • Catalogs and new types of advertising
  • Larger Markets due to improved transportation
  • All of the Above
question 32
Question #32

_____32. Andrew Carnegie was a famous businessman who dominated this industry –

A. Oil B. Steel

C. Banking D. Automobiles

question 33
Question #33

_____33. John D. Rockefeller was the entrepreneur who created a monopoly called –

A. U.S. Steel Corp

B. Standard Oil

C. Ford

D. B & O Railroads

question 34
Question #34

_____34. The man whose company dominated the automobile manufacturing business was –

A. Henry Ford

B. Andrew Carnegie

C. James P. Morgan

D. J.D.Rockefeller

question 35
Question #35

_____35. Unions began to form in the late 1800s as laborers combined to fight against –

A. Low Wages

B. 12-hour work day

C. child labor

D. unsafe working conditions

E. All of the Above

question 36
Question #36

_____36. Samuel Gompers was the founder of this trade union –

  • Congress of Industrial Organizations
  • Knights of Labor
  • Molly Maguire’s
  • American Federation of Labor
question 37
Question #37
  • Unsafe Working Conditions
  • Long Hours
  • Low Pay
  • Child Labor was common and dangerous.

_____37. All of the problems in the text box above were opposed by –

  • Andrew Carnegie and other industrialists.
  • NAACP and the Niagara Movement.
  • Progressives and Union Leaders.
  • Suffragists
question 38
Question #38

_____38. The settlement house movement was established during the late 1800s in order to assist –

  • poor immigrants
  • working women with children
  • uneducated laborers in urban areas
  • All of these
question 39
Question #39

_____39. The Hull House, established in Chicago in the 1880s, was founded by –

  • Susan B. Anthony
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Jane Addams
  • Mary Pickford
question 40
Question #40

_____40. The temperance movement was devoted to the abolition of –

  • alcohol
  • slavery
  • literacy tests
  • child labor laws
question 41
Question #41

_____41. The woman’s suffrage movement’s goal was –

  • to end child labor.
  • to outlaw the consumption of alcohol and “demon rum.”
  • to gain the right to vote in national elections.
  • “equal pay for equal work.”
question 42
Question #42

_____42. She was the organizer of the Seneca Falls Convention and helped to draft the Declaration of Sentiments, in which women demanded the right to vote for the first time publicly –

  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Sojourner Truth
  • Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Shirley Chisholm
question 43
Question #43

_____43. She was the leader of the woman’s suffrage movement in the 19th Century and was once arrested for casting a ballot in New York state –

  • Susan B. Anthony
  • Elizabeth Cady Stanton
  • Lucretia Mott
  • Angela Grimke
question 44
Question #44
  • “Trustbuster” who sued the Standard Oil Company.
  • Conservationist who established several National Parks.
  • Passed Pure Food and Drug Act after reading The Jungle, by Upton Sinclair.

_____44. Which progressive President was responsible for these achievements?

  • William Howard Taft
  • Woodrow Wilson
  • William McKinley
  • Theodore Roosevelt
question 45
Question #45

_____45. Which amendment to the Constitution outlawed the manufacturing of, the sale of, and the transportation of alcohol in the United States?

  • 17th Amendment
  • 18th Amendment
  • 19th Amendment
  • 21st Amendment
question 46
Question #46

_____46. Which amendment gave women the right to vote in national elections?

  • 17th Amendment
  • 18th Amendment
  • 19th Amendment
  • 21st Amendment
question 47
Question #47

_____47. This African-American leader demanded immediate equality for people of color in the United States; he established both the NAACP and the Niagara Movement –

  • W.E.B. Dubois
  • Booker T. Washington
  • George Washington Carver
  • Elijah Lovejoy
question 48
Question #48

_____48. This African-American leader argued that education and job skills were the key for future equality for African-Americans –

  • Stokely Carmichael
  • Frederick Douglass
  • Booker T. Washington
  • Robert Smalls
question 49
Question #49

_____49. Which of the following methods was used to prevent African-American men from voting in the South during the late 1800s and early 1900s?

  • the 15th Amendment
  • literacy tests
  • political machines
  • blacklists
question 50
Question #50

_____50. Laws in the South which enforced segregation were called –

  • Sunday “Blue Laws”
  • zoning ordinances
  • “Jim Crow” Laws
  • Martial Law
question 51
Question #51

_____51. Which Supreme Court case ruled that segregation was legal in the South as long as the institutions created were “Separate but Equal..”?

  • Brown V. Board of Education, Topeka, KS
  • Plessy V. Ferguson
  • Marbury V. Madison
  • Eberwein V. Loring
question 52
Question #52

_____52. This organization was established in 1908 in order to defeat racism, discrimination, segregation, and violence directed at African-Americans and other minority groups in the United States –

  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People (NAACP)
  • Congress of Racial Equality (CORE)
  • Student Non-Violent Coordinating Committee (SNCC)
  • Southern Christian Leadership Conference (SCLC)
question 53
Question #53

_____53. African-American men and women did not gain full suffrage in many Southern States until the passage of –

  • the 16th Amendment to the Constitution
  • the Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • the Pendleton Act of 1883
  • the National Quota Act of 1924
question 54
Question #54
  • _____54. The integration of the United States Armed Forces was accomplished by an executive order from President –
  • Dwight Eisenhower
  • Harry Truman
  • John F. Kennedy
  • Lyndon B. Johnson
question 55
Question #55
  • _____55. After World War II, many soldiers benefited from this program, which offered loans for houses, free education, and work programs to veterans of the war –
  • The Civil Rights Act
  • The GI Bill
  • The Homestead Act
  • The Morrill Act
question 56
Question #56
  • _____56. Rosie “the Riveter” represented working women during World War II. After World War II, many women were –
  • promoted to manage plants and facilities.
  • given raises which allowed families to purchase homes.
  • accused of working as communist spies.
  • asked to leave their jobs so that veterans could take them.
question 57
Question #57
  • _____57. This organization was established by W.E.B. DuBois in the early 1900s. During the 1950s, they paid lawyers like Thurgood Marshall to challenge segregation –
  • Congress of Racial Equality
  • The Niagara Movement
  • National Association for the Advancement of Colored People.
  • Student Nonviolent Coordinating Committee
question 58
Question #58
  • _____58. This Supreme Court Case established the “separate but equal” segregation system in the American South from 1896 to the 1950s –
  • Brown V. Board of Education, Topeka, KS
  • Plessy V. Ferguson
  • The Dred Scott Case
  • Gideon V. Wainwright
question 59
Question #59
  • _____59. This Supreme Court Case overturned the system of segregation in public schools across America in 1954 –
  • Brown V. Board of Education, Topeka, KS
  • Plessy V. Ferguson
  • The Dred Scott Case
  • Gideon V. Wainwright
question 60
Question #60
  • _____60. Which American President was responsible for constructing the interstate highway system in the United States of America? [HINT: The same President sent in paratroopers to insure the safety of the Little Rock Nine when they integrated the school system there in 1957.]
  • Harry Truman
  • Dwight David Eisenhower
  • John F. Kennedy
  • Lyndon B. Johnson
question 61
Question #61
  • _____61. The individual who’s arrest sparked the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 – 1956 was –
  • Ella Baker
  • Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
  • Rosa Parks
  • Ralph Abernathy
question 62
Question #62
  • _____62. Identify the young Civil Rights activist and preacher who served as the spokesperson for the African American community during the Montgomery Bus Boycott of 1955 – 1956 –
  • Stokely Carmichael
  • James Farmer
  • John Lewis
  • Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.
question 63
Question #63
  • _____63. Students in Greensboro, NC and Nashville, TN protested the segregated lunch counters in department stores across the south by –
  • economic boycott
  • picketing
  • throwing rocks or stones through storefront glasses
  • sit-ins
question 64
Question #64
  • _____64. The group of students and Civil Rights Activists sponsored by the Congress of Racial Equality who tested out the interstate bus rules during the summer of 1961 (and encountered great violence along the way) were –
  • SNCC
  • The Freedom Riders
  • The Greensboro Four
  • The Jackson Five 
question 65
Question #65
  • _____65. Which of the following compositions would not have been authored by the Rev. Dr. Martin Luther King, Jr.?
  • “A Letter From a Birmingham Jail”
  • “I Have a Dream” speech
  • “Passive Resistance and Nonviolent Civil Disobedience”
  • “Black Power”
question 66
Question #66
  • _____66. The law which outlawed segregation and job discrimination (racist hiring practices) in public institutions across the South was –
  • the 15th Amendment to the Constitution
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • The Wade-Davis Bill
  • The Voting Rights Act of 1965
question 67
Question #67
  • _____67. The law which forbid literacy tests, intimidation, or other unfair practices which prevented African-Americans from voting was –
  • The 13th Amendment to the Constitituion
  • The Clayton Anti-Trust Act
  • The Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964
question 68
Question #68
  • _____68. Who was the President of the United States of American during the March on Washington for Jobs and Freedom in 1963?
  • Richard Nixon
  • John F. Kennedy
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson
  • Gerald Ford
question 69
Question #69
  • _____69. Who was the President of the United States when the Civil Rights Act of 1964 and the Voting Rights Act of 1965 were passed into law?
  • Richard Nixon
  • John F. Kennedy
  • Lyndon Baines Johnson
  • Gerald Ford
question 70
Question #70
  • _____70. The goal of this organization was that women should receive “Equal Pay for Equal Work!” –
  • AIM – American Indian Movement
  • NOW – National Organization of Women
  • AFWU – American Farm Workers Union
  • WCTU – Women’s Christian Temperance Union
question 71
Question #71
  • “Equality of rights under the law shall not be denied or abridged by the United States or any state on account of sex.”
  • _____71. The passage above comes from –
  • The United States Constitution
  • The Declaration of Independence
  • The 19th Amendment to the Constitution
  • The Equal Rights Amendment
question 72
Question #72
  • _____72. During 1970s, the Title IX law insured that women would have equal access to all educational programs including –
  • medical schools
  • colleges and universities
  • college athletic programs
  • all of the above
question 73
Question #73
  • _____73. The First Lady of the United States who first took an active role in discussing public matters and influencing social programs during her husband’s time in office was –
  • Eleanor Roosevelt
  • Lucy Eisenhower
  • Laura Bush
  • Hillary!
question 74
Question #74
  • Medicare and Medicaid Programs
  • Head Start Program for Early Education
  • The Civil Rights Act of 1964
  • The Voting Rights Act of 1965
  • Strengthening of the Clean Air and Clean Water Acts
  • _____74. All of the programs listed in the box above are a part of –

The Fair Deal

The New Frontier

The New Deal

The Great Society

question 75
Question #75
  • _____75. Who was the author of The Jungle, a novel about conditions in the meatpacking centers of Chicago, IL?
    • A. Sinclair Lewis
    • B. John Steinbeck
    • C. Ernest Hemingway
    • D. Upton Sinclair
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