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God’s Affirmative Action. Dr. Teresa Williams ORAL ROBERTS UNIVERSITY. What is ‘Affirmative Action’?. ‘ Affirmative action ’ is a tool for insuring adherence to minimal guidelines for diversifying workplace, educational and other institutional environments.

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god s affirmative action

God’s Affirmative Action

Dr. Teresa Williams

ORAL ROBERTS UNIVERSITY

what is affirmative action
What is ‘Affirmative Action’?
  • ‘Affirmative action’ is a tool for insuring adherence to minimal guidelines for diversifying workplace, educational and other institutional environments.
what is the purpose of affirmative action
What is the purpose of Affirmative Action?
  • The original intent of ‘affirmative action’ was and is to rectify past and present discriminatory practices in various institutional settings.
who does affirmative action affect
Who does Affirmative Action Affect?
  • Affirmative action is the term for strategies to increase the participation of all minority groups (women, Native Americans, Hispanics, Blacks, recent immigrants, etc.) in America’s institutions…
who does affirmative action affect1
Who does Affirmative Action Affect?
  • However, the original intent of ‘Affirmative Action’ was to open the doors of opportunity for Americans of African descent.
purpose
Purpose
  • The purpose of this discussion is to examine how God’s ‘affirmative action’ plan should influence the admission policies of post-secondary Christian institutions.
the crucial issues
The Crucial Issues
  • Does a Christian world view based on the moral and spiritual authority of God’s word demand a higher level of responsibility?
the crucial issues1
The Crucial Issues
  • Should historical antecedents of inequality of opportunity form the basis for a continued moral and spiritual attack on this cancer in our society?
the crucial issues2
The Crucial Issues
  • How can we interpret and apply Christ’s mandated priorities as exemplified in His words and actions to this ‘modern day’ problem?
the crucial issues3
The Crucial Issues
  • In essence, does God’s word give credence to the concept of affirmative action?
definitions and antecedents of affirmative action
Definitions and Antecedents of Affirmative Action
  • President John F. Kennedy initiated the first order calling for “appropriate steps to eradicate the then widespread practices of racial, religious, and ethnic, discrimination.”
definitions and antecedents of affirmative action1
Definitions and Antecedents of Affirmative Action
  • In 1965, Johnson noted that :

“You do not take a person who for years has been hobbled by chains and liberate him, bring him up to the starting line of a race and then say,

definitions and antecedents of affirmative action2
Definitions and Antecedents of Affirmative Action

‘you’re free to compete with all the

others,’ and still justly believe that you have been completely fair.

definitions and antecedents of affirmative action3
Definitions and Antecedents of Affirmative Action
  • Thus it is not enough just to open the gates or opportunity. All our citizens must have the ability to walk through those gates.
definitions and antecedents of affirmative action4
Definitions and Antecedents of Affirmative Action
  • We seek not…just equality as a right and a theory but equality as a fact and equality as a result.”
the debate opponents
The Debate: Opponents
  • The term ‘Affirmative Action’ reinforces the victim versus oppressor mentality.
  • The employer or institution awards positions to an otherwise unqualified applicants.
the debate opponents1
The Debate: Opponents
  • Affirmative action’ is a disguise for ‘reverse discrimination’ perpetuated against more qualified applicants.
the debate opponents2
The Debate: Opponents
  • ‘Bias’ in the selection process brings into question the objectives of fairness and equal opportunity irrespective of race, color, gender or creed.
  • It’s against the law to base selection on preferential treatment.
the debate proponents
The Debate: Proponents
  • ‘Affirmative action’ is a major strategic mechanism for penetrating the historical obstacles of institutionalized segregation and discrimination.
the debate proponents1
The Debate: Proponents
  • Its demise may signal an erosion of the hard won gains emanating from the civil rights era that herald the unification of a nation divided along racial/ethnic lines.
remembering rosa parks
Remembering Rosa Parks..
  • In recent weeks, Rosa Parks passed away at the age of 92. Fifty years ago, the 42 year old seamstress refused to give up her seat on the bus to a white male and was subsequently arrested for violation oflegally enforced rules of segregation.
remembering rosa parks1
Remembering Rosa Parks..
  • As quoted in USA Today News, this valiant woman of God said in 1992,
  • “History too often maintains ‘that my feet were hurting and I didn't know why I refused to stand up when they told me.
remembering rosa parks2
Remembering Rosa Parks..
  • But the real reason of my not standing up was I felt that I had a right to be treated as any other passenger. We had endured that kind of treatment for too long.’"
remembering martin luther king jr
Remembering Martin Luther King Jr.
  • Martin Luther King Jr., rose to prominence as leader of nonviolent boycotts that focused international attention on the unconstitutionality of discrimina-tory laws. In his timeless words,
remembering martin luther king jr1
Remembering Martin Luther King Jr.
  • “I have a dream that one day every valley shall be exalted, and every hill and mountain shall be made low, the rough places will be made plain, and the crooked places will be made straight;
remembering martin luther king jr2
Remembering Martin Luther King Jr.
  • and the glory of the Lord shall be revealed and all flesh shall see it together.
  • This is our hope, and this is the faith that I go back to the South with.
remembering martin luther king jr3
Remembering Martin Luther King Jr.
  • With this faith, we will be able to hew out of the mountain of despair a stone of hope. With this faith, we will be able to transform the jangling discords of our nation into a beautiful symphony of brotherhood.
remembering martin luther king jr4
Remembering Martin Luther King Jr.
  • With this faith, we will be able to work together, to pray together, to struggle together, to go to jail together, to stand up for freedom together, knowing that we will be free one day.”
the missing variable
The Missing Variable
  • In our efforts to legislate equality, to undo 400 years of persecution and willful segregation, we have sought to balance the equation through strategies, formulas, coercive tactics, as well as appeals to moral and ethical ideals.
the missing variable1
The Missing Variable
  • Yet the spiritual aspect is not usually considered a variable in this mixture, when in fact, such emphasis is the principal thing.
the missing variable2
The Missing Variable
  • The lack of spiritual reference creates a gap in the practical application of affirmative action because of its apparent contradiction.
the dilemma
The Dilemma
  • How can we achieve fairness to all while emphasizing differences and preferential treatment of minorities?
god s affirmative action1
God’s Affirmative Action
  • From a spiritual perspective, this is a matter of ‘heart’ knowledge and guidance through the Holy Spirit in interpreting the word of God on what Jesus would have us do.
god s affirmative action2
God’s Affirmative Action
  • In Luke 4:17-19,Jesus proclaims:
god s affirmative action3
God’s Affirmative Action
  • "The Spirit of the Lord is on me, because He has anointed me to preach good news to the poor. He has sent me to proclaim freedom for the prisoners and recovery of sight for the blind, to release the oppressed…..”
god s affirmative action4
God’s Affirmative Action
  • These scriptures provide insight into our Savior’s mission while on earth.
god s affirmative action5
God’s Affirmative Action
  • He recognized the suffering humanity in need of compassion, healing and deliverance from the sick conditions of the heart, mind, soul, and body.
god s affirmative action6
God’s Affirmative Action
  • He named the abject, abandoned and rejected of this earthly domain as his primaryconcerns.
god s affirmative action7
God’s Affirmative Action
  • Jesus’ identification with the lowly individuals of this world continued throughout His ministry on earth. Specifically, He painted a vivid picture of responsibility and consequences in Matthew 25: 37-40 as follows:
god s affirmative action8
God’s Affirmative Action
  • 37 Then shall the righteous answer him, saying, Lord, when saw we thee an hungred, and fed thee? or thirsty, and gave thee drink?
  •    38 When saw we thee a stranger, and took thee in? or naked, and clothed thee?
god s affirmative action9
God’s Affirmative Action
  •  39 Or when saw we thee sick, or in prison, and came unto thee?
  •    40 And the King shall answer and say unto them, Verily I say unto you, Inasmuch as ye have done it unto one of the least of these my brethren, ye have done it unto me.
a commandment to love
A Commandment to Love
  • More profoundly than any other book or philosophy, the authority of the living word of God penetrates to the heart of the matter concerning our dealings with each other.
a commandment to love1
A Commandment to Love
  • Jesus, our Savior, whose one desire was to mirror His Father’s will, astounded the religious order of the day with radical challenges to Old Testament legalism.
a commandment to love2
A Commandment to Love
  • He spoke of a love so great and encompassing that class, race and gender barriers melt away in its presence.
  • Listen quietly to His gentle ad-monishments in Matthew, Chap-ter 5:
a commandment to love3
A Commandment to Love
  • [43] Ye have heard that it hath been said, Thou shalt love thy neighbour, and hate thine enemy.
a commandment to love4
A Commandment to Love
  • [44] But I say unto you, Love your enemies, bless them that curse you, do good to them that hate you, and pray for them which despitefully use you, and persecute you;
a commandment to love5
A Commandment to Love
  • [45] That ye may be the children of your Father which is in heaven: for He maketh His sun to rise on the evil and on the good, and sendeth rain on the just and on the unjust.
a commandment to love6
A Commandment to Love
  • [46] For if ye love them which love you, what reward have ye? do not even the publicans the same?[47] And if ye salute your brethren only, what do ye more than others? do not even the publicans so?
a commandment to love7
A Commandment to Love
  • In fact, the essence of God is Love,

‘For God so loved the world, that He gave His only begotten Son, that whosoever believeth in Him should not perish, but have everlasting life.’ (John.3 v.16)

a commandment to love8
A Commandment to Love
  • Is Agape Love an optional Christian behavior?
  • Or an improbable, impossible feat that only Christ has accomplished and others are certain to fail?
a commandment to love9
A Commandment to Love
  • Throughout the Old and New Testament in fourteen passages, the Living Word of God comes forth majestically to those who would submit humbly to Our Lord’s kingship over their lives.
a commandment to love10
A Commandment to Love
  • First, these passages indicate that God expects us to keep His commandments because of His supreme sovereignty (Leviticus 22:31; Proverbs 3:1), and
a commandment to love11
A Commandment to Love
  • Out of love for Him and desire for His favor and mercy (Exodus 20:6, John 14:15, John 15:10, Leviticus 26, v3-4; Deuteronomy 5:10 ).
a commandment to love12
A Commandment to Love
  • Second, Jehovah God equates disobedience with refusing to keep His commandments and going after the gods of this world (Exodus 16:28, I King 9:6).
a commandment to love13
A Commandment to Love
  • Furthermore, this defiance leads to separation and punishment as illustrated in His chastisement of Israel (I King 9, v. 6-5,) but returning to Him results in restoration (2Kgs.17:13; Neh.1:9) to Kingdom privileges and blessing.
the role of the church and its related institutions
The role of the Church and its related Institutions
  • Historically, the Church as a body, has failed to mirror these commandments in its dealings with those of African-American descent.
the role of the church and its related institutions1
The role of the Church and its related Institutions
  • A nationally known black minister, Reverend Fred K. C. Price, D.D., offers succinct criticism of the role of the Church in perpetuating slavery and, later, segregation in a Jim Crow Society (Race, Religion, and Racism, volume 2, 1997).
the role of the church and its related institutions2
The role of the Church and its related Institutions
  • He asserts that ministers of that day ‘falsified the bible’ to oppose rather than defend black people claiming that ‘it was God’s will for the races to be separated’
the role of the church and its related institutions3
The role of the Church and its related Institutions
  • He further states ‘ If the church takes on its role as the salt of the earth and the light of the world so that all Christians cease to hold racist thoughts in their minds and practice racism in their lives, …
the role of the church and its related institutions4
The role of the Church and its related Institutions
  • if all Christians everywhere condemn racism as the sin it is, the “huge racial divide will finally close.”
the role of the church and its related institutions5
The role of the Church and its related Institutions
  • In his summary, Dr. Price echoes the message of the present discussion, ‘Then I believe that the Lord Jesus Christ can make His triumphal return.’
past and present legal decisions
Past and Present Legal Decisions
  • In Bakke(1978) and Gratz and Grutter (2003), Supreme Court decisions supported ‘ethnicity, race and gender’ as factors that institutions may include in admissions and financial aid decisions.
past and present legal decisions1
Past and Present Legal Decisions
  • Quotas or set point awards based on race are not legally allowed.
  • An institution may include minority group consideration only as it applies to assessment of individ-ual needs and qualifications.
suggested institutional strategies
Suggested Institutional Strategies
  • Civil Rights Lawyers, Coleman and Palmer, covered legal issues and strategies for achieving diversity in ‘ Diversity in Higher Education’ (2003). Some of the most compelling approaches evolve from consideration of legal decisions.
suggested institutional strategies1
Suggested Institutional Strategies
  • Colleges and Universities are entitled to ‘deference in their mission-driven educational judgments.’
suggested institutional strategies2
Suggested Institutional Strategies
  • Thus, race and ethnicity may be used in admissions decisions if the University’s missions and goals include the educational benefits of a diverse student body.
suggested institutional strategies3
Suggested Institutional Strategies
  • Colleges and universities may pursue a goal of admitting a “critical mass” of minority students as part of their efforts to assemble a diverse student body.
suggested institutional strategies4
Suggested Institutional Strategies
  • Admissions programs that consider race or ethnicity under the diversity rationale must be designed to ensure individualized review of applicants and their diversity attributes.
suggested institutional strategies5
Suggested Institutional Strategies
  • Colleges and universities must consider race-neutral alternatives in good faith, but need not exhaust every option or sacrifice broader educational goals before using race-conscious programs.
suggested institutional strategies6
Suggested Institutional Strategies
  • These goals include considera-tions of grades, test scores, financial need or other admis-sions criteria.
fulfilling the great commission
Fulfilling the Great Commission
  • Who will go into every man’s world?
  • The world is diverse. Shouldn’t our student body and work force reflect this diversity?
  • God’s Affirmative Action plan is a matter of heart knowledge.
  • How can we go, unless we are [prepared and] sent?