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To Kill a Mockingbird. By Harper Lee. Setting. Maycomb, Alabama (fictional city) 1933-1935 Although slavery has long been abolished, the Southerners in Maycomb continue to believe in white supremacy. Themes. Racial Prejudice Social Snobbery Morality Tolerance Patience Equality

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Presentation Transcript
setting
Setting
  • Maycomb, Alabama (fictional city)
  • 1933-1935
  • Although slavery has long been abolished, the Southerners in Maycomb continue to believe in white supremacy.
themes
Themes
  • Racial Prejudice
  • Social Snobbery
  • Morality
  • Tolerance
  • Patience
  • Equality
  • The Need for Compassion
  • The Need for Conscience
jean louis finch scout
Jean Louis Finch – “Scout”
  • The story’s narrator
  • Although now an adult, Scout looks back at her childhood and tells of the momentous events and influential people of those years.
  • Scout is six when the story begins.
  • She is naturally curious about life.
scout s character traits
Scout’s Character Traits
  • Tomboy
  • Impulsive
  • Emotional
  • Warm & Friendly
  • Sensitive
  • Adorable
  • Gains in Maturity throughout the Novel
atticus finch
Atticus Finch
  • Father of Scout and Jem
  • A widower
  • An attorney by profession
  • Highly respected
  • Good citizen
  • Instills good values and morals in

his children.

  • His children call him “Atticus”
  • Honest
  • Typical southern gentleman
  • Brave
  • Courteous
  • Soft-spoken
jem finch
Jem Finch
  • Scout’s older brother
  • Looks up to his father Atticus
  • Usually looks out for Scout
  • Typical older brother at times
  • Smart
  • Compassionate
  • Matures as the story progresses
calpurnia
Calpurnia
  • The Finch’s black housekeeper
  • Has watched the children since their mother’s death
  • Has been a positive influence on the children.
arthur boo radley
Arthur “Boo” Radley
  • An enigma
  • An adult man, whose father has “sentenced” him to a lifetime confinement to their house because of some mischief he got into when he was a teenager.
  • Has a reputation of being a lunatic
  • Basically a harmless, well-meaning person
  • Sometimes childlike in behavior
  • Starving for love and affection
  • Saves Jem and Scout from certain danger
slide10
Dill
  • A close friend of Jem and Scout
  • Usually lives in Maycomb only during the summer (stays with a relative)
  • Tells “big stories”
  • Has been deprived of love and affection
tom robinson
Tom Robinson
  • A young, harmless, innocent, hardworking black man
  • Has a crippled left hand
  • Married with three children. Works on a farm belonging to Mr. Link Deas, a white man
  • Will be falsely accused of raping a white girl, Mayella Ewell
two poor white families the cunninghams the ewells
Poor white family

Hard-working

Honest

Proud

Survive on very little

Always pay back their debts – even if it is with hickory nuts, turnips, or holly.

Poor white trash

Dirty

Lazy

Good-for-nothing

Never done a day’s work

Foul-mouthed

Dishonest

Immoral

Two Poor White Families:The Cunninghams The Ewells
the black community
Simple

Honest

Clean

Hard-working

God fearing

Proud

Would never take anything with paying it back

Respectful

Had stronger character than most of the whites

Oppressed

Uneducated

Discriminated against

Talked about badly

Deserve better than what is dished out to them by society

The Black Community
social class in the novel
Social Class in the Novel

This is probably similar to how class structure existed during the 1930’s in the South. The wealthy, although fewest in number, were most powerful. The blacks, although great in number, were lowest on the class ladder, and thus, had the least privileges.

Examples of each social class:

Wealthy - Finches

Country Folk - Cunninghams

“White Trash” – Ewells

Black Community – Tom Robinson

respond
Respond

Atticus says to Scout:

“You never really understand a person until you consider things from his point of view . . . Until you climb into his skin and walk around in it” (39).

Why is this idea important? Foreshadowing for the novel? Universal understandings?

chapters 1 3
Chapters 1 - 3
  • How does the author create a feeling of mystery in the first chapter?
  • Cite details that establish the setting of the novel.
  • Contrast Dill’s family situation with the Finches’.
  • Find the humor in Scout’s first day o school.
chapters 1 31
Chapters 1 - 3
  • Cite examples of contrast between Jem and Scout.
  • Contrast Burris Ewell with the other children. What is the reason for the description?
  • What is the thematic significance of the advice Atticus gives Scout?
  • Why does Scout explain Walter Cunningham’s situation to Miss Caroline?
defining characterization
Direct Characterization tells the audience what the personality of the character is.

Indirect Characterization shows things that reveal the personality of a character.

Defining Characterization