This Week in SS 8 • Round 6 battle – 12 questions (20 minutes) • Topic 7 Powerpoint • Topic 7 powerpoint Notes Topic 7 CT • Next Week: Topic 7 Quiz and Accounting • Movie (1 1/2) hours) • Round 7 Battle (Topic 7 CT)
Round 6 Battle - 20 minutes • Be prepared to move your samurai armies and BATTLE FOR TERRITORY (only 1 question today) fairly quietly, while we, as a class, BATTLE FOR YEN: 5 YEN per team per qu. TOTAL : 60 yen/team Here’s the expectation: ANSWER ALL12 REVIEW QUESTIONS. Here we go………………...
Question 1 • What were the exact years of Japan’s Meiji period? 18___ - __12
Question 2 • During the years 1871-1873, Japan showed they were serious about opening up. What event took place during these years?
Question 3 • According to this picture of the 1880’s, what conclusion did Japan make after seeing twelve western countries?
Question 4 According to these pictures what were three more conclusions of Japan’s famous Iwakura Mission?
Question 5 • What were two ways how schools could help Japan meet its goals?
Question 6 • What were three changes that occurred for Japan’s daimyo during the Meiji period?
Question 7 • What were three changes that occurred for Japan’s samurai during the Meiji period?
Question 8 • What three changes occurred for Japan’s middle (peasants,..) and lower classes?
Many peasants were attracted to the factories and industries outside cities.
Question 9 • And so Japan was industrializing, modernizing, and westernizing during the Meiji period. What were two good things from all this? 1877
Question 10 • What were three new freedoms Japan enjoyed during the mid-Meiji period?
Question 11 • Eventhough there was a certain small extent of freedom of religion, Japan held onto a shinto belief in its new constitution. What was this belief, shown especially in all of its new schools ?
Questions 12 • How might Japan’s constitutional belief in a divine emperor help Japan?
Importance of their Constitutional Belief • Especially because westerners expected that the Japanese would sign all the treaties and just accept the western worldview as better. • For example, the Americans were shocked when Meiji did not sign the treaty. “This is an outrage!!” (end of Last Samurai) • Westerners expected Japan to keep pace and to keep conforming to the west.
Thinking about Things, 1890’s • Japan realized by the late 19th century, that they had conformed too quickly and now they needed to think about things. 1. The samurai were gone and so they put a statue of SaigoTakamori. Much had changed. 2. They did accept the benefits of science, technology, and all the wonderful productscoming into Japan. 3. They saw the benefits of trade and their good economy. 4. They saw the benefits of a democratic government and equal opportunities for all.
So Many Good Things • 5. Even the modern national military was a good thing because it was making Japan strong. • 6. Compared to the western world, Japan was catching upat a blistering pace, and would continue to do so, and was earning some worldwide respect. Only one problem: Japan wasn’t taken as seriously as they had hoped. There continued to be a western fascination with what was left of the Edo culture (floating worlds, geishas, art,..) but Japan wanted the west’s respect, especially when the west resisted reviewing the so called unfair treaties, and especially when the foreigners were making themselves so much at home in their shimaguni.
Becoming a Strong and Respected Nation • Japan had a very high need to be strong and to be respected. • The Constitution helped define Japan and its values. It told the world who Japan is: • The shinto belief in a d_________emperortold the world that Japan’s emperor is sacred, like Europe’s Pope, and that he is a descendant of the kami Ameraterasu. Japan is sort-of- divine.
Japan’s National Schools, late-Meiji Period • Sensei taught : 1. the importance of the emperor’s divinity • 2. loyalty to emperor and Japan, as a nation (different than loyalty to daimyo, Han, domain) 3. Japan is a special nation among nations 4. loyalty to Japan can be shown through honorable service (work in an industry, military, government, to build a strong Japan)
End of Meiji Period • When teaching history and identity, sensei taught the importance of bushido, sharing stories of samurai heroes like Minamoto, ToyotomiHideyoshi, Tokugawa Ieyasu, and SaigoTakamori. Bushido was taught, not as a distant thing of the past, but as the way of the Japanese All Japanese could show bushido to its nation.
“All Japanese are samurai at heart” • Japanese students (peasant kids, merchant kids, …) were taught that • “all Japanese are samurai at heart” and • All Japanese could show loyalty, honor, respect, and service to their nation • Just like the samurai had shown to their daimyo and domain group. • A samurai spirit was about to rise in Japan!!!
Military Service • Japan valued the loyalty and service of it warriors to make Japan strong • Former daimyo resurrected the notion of the samurai spirit: utmost loyalty, better to die than surrender commitment, and fearless service • By the early 1900’s warriors would also once again carry the symbol of the samurai: the katana
You Tube Clip • The Samurai – Pt. 9/10 3:49 – 6:20 • What do you learn from this clip?
Late 19th Century (Meiji Period) • Japan had built up both its navy and army in less than 20 years, and now wanted to show the world that they were a first class power. • Japan would show their new power to their closest neighbours: Russia and China
First Attack: China, 1894-95 • Japan showed superior military strength and won a part of China • Japan took control and determined their treaty with China: • * took a China peninsula (near korea) * received payment from China * received rights to certain resources
Western Reaction • worried western powers • In fact, Europeans stepped in to make changes to the treaty to make it more fair for China Japan felt a bitterness to the west, humiliated by western interference.