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Increasing the Percentage of Minority Nurses: NCCU Department of Nursing and the Office of Student Support Services. Gail Ricks, MS,BSN, RN Melusian Wright, MEd, BME. Increasing the Percentage of Minority Nurses What Do the Statistics Say?. March 2000 US Census Bureau

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Increasing the Percentage of Minority Nurses:NCCU Department of Nursing and the Office of Student Support Services

Gail Ricks, MS,BSN, RN

Melusian Wright, MEd, BME

increasing the percentage of minority nurses what do the statistics say
Increasing the Percentage of Minority Nurses What Do the Statistics Say?

March 2000 US Census Bureau

US Ethnic Minority population 31%

March 2000 Bureau of Nurses

Ethnic Minority Nurse population 12.3%

US Census Bureau Projections by 2050

Ethnic Minority population will reach 50%

Asian and Hispanic populations will increase 300% each

African American population will increase by 71%

Bureau of Labor Projections by 2010

Shortage of 1,000,000 RNs

Source: US Census Bureau (2004). Press Releases. http://www.census.gov/Press-Release/www/releases/archives/population/001720.html

increasing the percentage of minority nurses the nursing shortage
Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesThe Nursing Shortage

Other Attrition & Shortage Issues

Overall Personnel Vacancies

Limited Enrollment in Nursing Programs

Maturation of the Current Nursing Population

Job Dissatisfaction

Aging Baby Boomers

Source: Rosseter, R. (2001) Nursing Shortage Fact Sheet. http://www.montana.edu/mint/docs/aacnnursingshortage.pdf

increasing the percentage of minority nurses nccu and the department of nursing
NCCU was chartered in 1909 and opened in 1910

Joined the UNC system in 1972

Program of Nursing established 1948

BSPHN established 1969 for traditional high school graduates and RN students wishing to earn a baccalaureate degree

Full accreditation has been maintained since 1973

Online RN-BSN established 2005

Mission of the Department of Nursing

The mission of the Department of Nursing emerges from the challenge to meet the manpower needs for quality health care locally, nationally and globally. The role and scope of the Department of Nursing are reflected in the characteristics of selected learning environments and their ability to enhance individual productivity in a changing society. The Department of Nursing provides an essential service to improve the quality of life for all people through quality educational programs, research and scholarly endeavors and community service.

Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesNCCU and the Department Of Nursing
increasing the percentage of minority nurses office of student support services
Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesOffice of Student Support Services
  • History
  • Staff
  • Responsibilities

-Students

-Departmental

-University

  • Programs
  • Funding
increasing the percentage of minority nurses nccu 2007 2008 don upper division student population
RACE

White - 16%

Black - 76%

American Indian - 2%

Asian/Pacific Islander – 3%

Hispanic – 0%

Multi-racial – 1%

Race unknown – 2%

AGE

17-20 years: 9%

21-25 years: 43%

26-30 years: 7%

31-40 years: 22%

41-50 years: 10%

51-60years: 0%

Unknown: 9%

GENDER

Female – 77%

Male – 23%

MARITAL STATUS

Single – 66%

Married – 24%

Divorced – 5%

Widowed – 1%

Separated – 1%

Unknown – 3%

CHILDREN

% with children in household – 40%

Unknown – 7%

STUDENT STATUS

Traditional – 23%

Transfer – 58%

Second Degree – 19%

Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesNCCU 2007-2008 DON Upper Division Student Population
increasing the percentage of minority nurses osss strategies
Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesOSSS Strategies
  • Academic Advising Procedures
  • Personal Advising
  • Engagement Meetings
  • Tutoring
  • Referral
  • Summer Programs
  • Scholarships, Internships, Externships, Certifications
increasing the percentage of minority nurses strategies and the literature
Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesStrategies and the Literature
  • Academic Advising Procedures

-ACTE (2007) & Kiser (2008)

  • Personal Advising Procedures

-ACTE (2007), Carter (2006), Kiser (2008), McQueen, Shelton, & Zimmerman (2004), Robinson (2005), Terenzini, Yaeger, Bohr, Pascarella & Aumary (1997)

  • Engagement Meetings

-Carter (2006), McQueen, Robinson (2005), Shelton & Zimmerman (2004) & Stewart (2005)

  • Tutoring

-Carter (2006), Gardner (2005), McQueen, Shelton & Zimmerman (2004), & Stewart (2005)

  • Referral

-Kiser (2008) & ACTE (2007)

  • Summer Programs

-Stewart (2005)

  • Scholarships, Internships, Externships, Certifications

-ACTE (2007), Carter (2006) & Kiser (2008)

increasing the percentage of minority nurses nccu don before osss
Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesNCCU DON-Before OSSS
  • Nonexistent filing system
  • Lack of consistency in advisement process
  • Lack of organization in record keeping
  • Inadequate documentation of student/advisor interaction
  • Understaffed for size and tasks to be executed
  • Lack of contact with pre-nursing students
  • Safety Compliance Issues
increasing the percentage of minority nurses nccu don after don
2004-2005

Staff = 1½

NCLEX=65%

2005-2006

Staff = 1½

NCLEX= 82%

Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesNCCU DON -After DON

Implementation of Filing System

Learning Prescriptions

Extended Study Program

Contact with Pre-Nursing Students from Admission

New Admission Standards

2003-2004

Staff = 1

NCLEX=65%

2006-2007

Staff = 3½

NCLEX= 91%

increasing the percentage of minority nurses osss junior survey results
Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesOSSS Junior Survey Results
  • 37 Responses
  • 28 Students had visited the OSSS

-13 had 1-3 visits

-11 had 4-6 visits

-4 had 7+ visits

  • Liked Most: professionalism of the staff, friendly service, caring attitude, efficiency, prompt response, information given
  • Liked Least: the duration of the wait to be seen, nothing, filling out a contact sheet at each visit
  • Changes in Service : 11 said no (39%)

17 said yes (61%)

increasing the percentage of minority nurses osss senior survey results
Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesOSSS Senior Survey Results
  • 8 Responses
  • All students had visited the OSSS

-3 had 1-3 visits

-2 had 4-6 visits

-3 had 7+ visits

  • Liked Most: friendly email reminders, organization, friendly, prompt answers, productivity
  • Liked Least: the wait to be seen, filling out contact forms each visit
  • Changes in Service : 3 said no (37%)

5 said yes (63%)

increasing the percentage of minority nurses osss academic advising survey
Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesOSSS Academic Advising Survey
  • Sept 2007-December 2007: 602 students
  • January 2008-May 2008: 1486 students
  • Appointment Process
  • Survey Responses

Excellent = 87% Good = 6% Average = 1%

Needs Improvement = 1% No Answer = 4%

  • Liked Least-Wait Time, Paperwork, Have a Preferred Advisor
  • Liked Best/Comments: Understanding, Friendly, Professional, Informative, Detailed, Gave Useful Information, Patient, Very Nice, Thorough, Helpful, Very Supportive, Took Time to Give Good Advice
increasing the percentage of minority nurses osss and visions of the future
Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesOSSS and Visions of the Future
  • School of Nursing
  • New Building
  • Peer Learning
  • Technology Advances
  • Accelerated Second Degree Program
  • MSN Program
  • RN-MSN Program
increasing the percentage of minority nurses sources
Increasing the Percentage of Minority NursesSources

Association for Career and Technical Education. (2007). Expanding opportunities: Postsecondary career and technical education and preparing tomorrow’s workforce. In. Retrieved 5/21/06, from http://www.acteonline.org/policy/legislative_issues/upload/PS_ExecSum.pdf

Carter, D.F. (2006). Key issues in the persistence of underrepresented minority students. New Directions for Institutional Research, 130, 33-46.

Fletcher, A., Williams, P.R., Beacham, T., Elliott, R.W., Northington, L., Calvin, R.,Hill, M., Hayes, A., Winters, K., Davis, S. (2003). Recruitment, retention and matriculation of ethnic minority nursing students: A University of Michigan school of nursing approach. Journal of Cultural Diversity, 10(4), 128-133.

Gardner, J. (2005). Barriers influencing the success of racial and ethnic minority students in nursing programs. Journal of Transcultural Nursing, 16(2), 155-162.

Gatlin, L. S. (2003). Gatherings as a retention strategy. The ABNF Journal, 4, 80-82.

Grainger, K. (2006). Equal access to training for black and minority ethnic nurses. Nursing Standard, 20(42), 41-49.

Kerlins, B.A. (1999). Attributes of effective and ineffective advisors. In. Retrieved 5/21/08, from http://kerlins.net/bobbi/research/myresearch.advisors.html

Kiker, J. (2008). Enhance student advising and academic and life supports. In.Retrieved 5/19/08 from http://www.acteonline.org/members/techniques/20082009/loader.cfm?url=/commonspot/security/getfile.cfm&PageID=35169

McQueen, L. (2004). A collective community approach to preparing nursing students for the NCLEX RN examination. The ABNF Journal, 3, 55-58.

Robinson, T.L. (2005). The convergence of race, ethnicity, and gender: Multiple identities in counseling (2nd ed.). New Jersey: Prentice Hall.

Rosseter, R. (2001). Nursing shortage fact sheet. In. Retrieved 5/19/08, from http://www.aacn.nche.edu/Media/FactSheets/NursingShortage.htm

Stewart, B. (2005). Enhancing success in BSN nursing education for minority nurses. The ABNF Journal, 1, 8-10.

Terenzini, P. T., Yaeger, P.M., Bohr, L., Pascarella, E.T., Amaury, N. (1997). African American college students’ experiences in HBCUs and PWIs and learning outcomes. (Report No. HE031122). University Park, PA: National Center onPostsecondary Teaching, Learning and Assessment. (ERIC DocumentReproduction Service No. ED417666).

U.S. Census Bureau. (2004). Census bureau projects tripling of Hispanic and Asian populations in 50 years; Non-Hispanic Whites may drop to half of total population. In. Retrieved 5/19/08, http://www.aacn.nche.edu/Media/FactSheets/NursingShortage.htm

Wong, S. & Wong, J. (1982). Problems in teaching ethnic minority nursing students. Journal of Advanced Nursing, 7, 255-259.

contact information
CONTACT INFORMATION

Gail Ricks

gricks@nccu.edu

Melusian Wright

mrwright@nccu.edu