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Office of Justice Assistance. Building Safer Communities. David Steingraber OJA Executive Director August 30, 2010. The Role of Federal Funding in the Improvement of State Criminal Justice Systems. Brief Historical Perspective Federal Assistance to State and Local Justice Organizations

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Office of Justice Assistance

Building Safer Communities

David SteingraberOJA Executive DirectorAugust 30, 2010



Presentation topics

Brief Historical Perspective Criminal Justice Systems

Federal Assistance to State and Local Justice Organizations

Limitations on Federal Justice Funding

State Administering Agencies

The Statistical Analysis Center and Justice Information Sharing

Presentation topics


Historical perspective

LBJ’s “War on Crime”, Criminal Justice Systems

Omnibus Crime and Safe Streets Act of 1968

Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA)

Other Key Federal Legislation

Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act

Violence Against Women Act

Historical Perspective


Current federal funding programs

Formula Grants Criminal Justice Systems

States

Local Units of Government

Discretionary Grants

Competitive

Limited Eligibility (i.e. Tribal grants, boarder states)

Directed (“ear marks”)

Current Federal Funding Programs


Federal criminal justice related funding administered by oja

Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Criminal Justice Systems

Current Funding Level: $4.7 million

40% Directly to Local Units by Formula

Broad Scope

“Pass-Through” Requirement

New Strategic Planning Requirement

Federal criminal justice related funding administered by OJA


Declining jag funding
Declining JAG Funding Criminal Justice Systems


Federal criminal justice related funding administered by oja1

Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention Criminal Justice Systems

Current Funding Level: $978,000

Core Requirements

Governor’s Juvenile Justice Commission

Juvenile Accountability Block Grant

Current Funding Level: $822,000

Direct Grants to Local Units by Formula

Public Justice Agencies Only

Title V Prevention Grants

Federal criminal justice related funding administered by OJA


Federal juvenile justice funding trends
Federal Juvenile Justice Funding Trends Criminal Justice Systems


Federal criminal justice related funding administered by oja2

Violence Against Women Act Criminal Justice Systems

Current Funding Level: $2.2 million

Services, Training, Officers and Prosecutors formula grant program (STOP)

Grants to Encourage Arrest (GTEA)

Justice System Training Program

VAWA Training of Trainers

Federal criminal justice related funding administered by OJA


Vawa funding trends
VAWA funding trends Criminal Justice Systems


Homeland security

State Homeland Security Program Criminal Justice Systems

Limited impact of Justice System

Acquisition of law enforcement equipment and law enforcement training/exercises

Wisconsin Justice Information Sharing program

Interoperability improvements

Urban Area Security Initiative

Homeland Security


Homeland security federal award trends
Homeland Security federal award trends Criminal Justice Systems

70% decrease

since 2004


Other federal funding oja received and or manages on behalf of state

National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP) Criminal Justice Systems

National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS)

Post Conviction DNA Testing National Institute of Justice (NIJ)

Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for state prisoners program (RSAT)

Project Safe Neighborhoods (PSN)

Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)

Various federal “Ear Mark” awards

Other federal funding OJA received and/or manages on behalf of state


Limitations of federal justice funding

Federal requirements dictate parameters of how grants (formula and discretionary) may be used.

Some grants require percentage of state’s total award to be passed on to locals (JAG, HS)

Programs may impose certifications and monitoring responsibilities and penalties.

Federal monies are well suited to fund innovations, initial start up and implementation.

Federal monies are generally not a source of funds for continuing operation costs

Limitations of Federal Justice Funding


State administering agencies
State Administering Agencies (formula and discretionary) may be used.

Under most formula grant programs, the Governor of each state designates the entity that will discharge the administrative responsibilities associated with the program.


Beginning with Governor Patrick Lucey, the Wisconsin Council on Criminal Justice and it’s successor, the Office of Justice Assistance has been the designated state administering agency.


Federal Responsibilities Council on Criminal Justice and it’s successor, the

  • Annual application for funding

  • Strategic planning and analysis

  • Grant administration and program monitoring

  • Technical Assistance and Training

  • Program Evaluation


OJA advises the Governor and Legislature on criminal justice matters performs other dutes as may be directed by the Governor

OJA’s has primary responsibility for carrying out the state coordination of automated justice information systems among state and local criminal justice agencies.

OJA’s Statistical Analysis Center (SAC) conducts research and publishes reports on high visibility justice issues including the Wisconsin Uniform Crime Report and Traffic Stop Data Collection.

OJA is responsible for grant administration for several state funded justice grant programs.

State Responsibilities


State funded criminal justice grants administered by oja

Treatment Alternatives and Diversion matters performs other dutes as may be directed by the Governor

American Indian Offender Reintegration

Youth Gang Diversion

Police Beat Patrol

Child Advocacy Centers

Traffic Stop Data Collection

State funded criminal justice grants administered by OJA


Other oja justice programs

Wisconsin Justice Information Sharing (WIJIS) matters performs other dutes as may be directed by the Governor

Facilitating the exchange of justice information among state and local justice agencies

Statistical Analysis Center (SAC)

Justice data analysis and reporting

Other OJA Justice Programs


OJA has a unique and system wide perspective with regard to Wisconsin’s criminal justice system.

National perspective

Neutral view of the justice system elements and their needs

Testing ground for innovative justice programs

Stakeholders provide direct feedback loop for criminal justice priorities and successful projects


Questions

Questions? Wisconsin’s criminal justice system.

Key Contacts:

David Steingraber, Executive Director 266-7488

Alison Poe, Deputy Director 264-9312

Dennis Schuh, Justice Programs Manager 266-7682

Tami Jackson, Public Affairs/Legislative Liaison 266-6476

For more information please visit:

http://oja.wi.gov


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