Office of Justice Assistance. Building Safer Communities. David Steingraber OJA Executive Director August 30, 2010. The Role of Federal Funding in the Improvement of State Criminal Justice Systems. Brief Historical Perspective Federal Assistance to State and Local Justice Organizations
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Building Safer Communities
David SteingraberOJA Executive DirectorAugust 30, 2010
The Role of Federal Funding in the Improvement of State Criminal Justice Systems
Brief Historical Perspective Criminal Justice Systems
Federal Assistance to State and Local Justice Organizations
Limitations on Federal Justice Funding
State Administering Agencies
The Statistical Analysis Center and Justice Information SharingPresentation topics
LBJ’s “War on Crime”, Criminal Justice Systems
Omnibus Crime and Safe Streets Act of 1968
Law Enforcement Assistance Administration (LEAA)
Other Key Federal Legislation
Juvenile Justice and Delinquency Prevention Act
Violence Against Women ActHistorical Perspective
Formula Grants Criminal Justice Systems
Local Units of Government
Limited Eligibility (i.e. Tribal grants, boarder states)
Directed (“ear marks”)Current Federal Funding Programs
Edward Byrne Memorial Justice Assistance Grant Criminal Justice Systems
Current Funding Level: $4.7 million
40% Directly to Local Units by Formula
New Strategic Planning RequirementFederal criminal justice related funding administered by OJA
Juvenile Justice & Delinquency Prevention Criminal Justice Systems
Current Funding Level: $978,000
Governor’s Juvenile Justice Commission
Juvenile Accountability Block Grant
Current Funding Level: $822,000
Direct Grants to Local Units by Formula
Public Justice Agencies Only
Title V Prevention GrantsFederal criminal justice related funding administered by OJA
Violence Against Women Act Criminal Justice Systems
Current Funding Level: $2.2 million
Services, Training, Officers and Prosecutors formula grant program (STOP)
Grants to Encourage Arrest (GTEA)
Justice System Training Program
VAWA Training of TrainersFederal criminal justice related funding administered by OJA
State Homeland Security Program Criminal Justice Systems
Limited impact of Justice System
Acquisition of law enforcement equipment and law enforcement training/exercises
Wisconsin Justice Information Sharing program
Urban Area Security InitiativeHomeland Security
National Criminal History Improvement Program (NCHIP) Criminal Justice Systems
National Instant Criminal Background Check System (NICS)
Post Conviction DNA Testing National Institute of Justice (NIJ)
Residential Substance Abuse Treatment for state prisoners program (RSAT)
Project Safe Neighborhoods (PSN)
Community Oriented Policing Services (COPS)
Various federal “Ear Mark” awardsOther federal funding OJA received and/or manages on behalf of state
Federal requirements dictate parameters of how grants (formula and discretionary) may be used.
Some grants require percentage of state’s total award to be passed on to locals (JAG, HS)
Programs may impose certifications and monitoring responsibilities and penalties.
Federal monies are well suited to fund innovations, initial start up and implementation.
Federal monies are generally not a source of funds for continuing operation costsLimitations of Federal Justice Funding
Under most formula grant programs, the Governor of each state designates the entity that will discharge the administrative responsibilities associated with the program.
Beginning with Governor Patrick Lucey, the Wisconsin Council on Criminal Justice and it’s successor, the Office of Justice Assistance has been the designated state administering agency.
Federal Responsibilities Council on Criminal Justice and it’s successor, the
OJA advises the Governor and Legislature on criminal justice matters performs other dutes as may be directed by the Governor
OJA’s has primary responsibility for carrying out the state coordination of automated justice information systems among state and local criminal justice agencies.
OJA’s Statistical Analysis Center (SAC) conducts research and publishes reports on high visibility justice issues including the Wisconsin Uniform Crime Report and Traffic Stop Data Collection.
OJA is responsible for grant administration for several state funded justice grant programs.
Treatment Alternatives and Diversion matters performs other dutes as may be directed by the Governor
American Indian Offender Reintegration
Youth Gang Diversion
Police Beat Patrol
Child Advocacy Centers
Traffic Stop Data CollectionState funded criminal justice grants administered by OJA
Wisconsin Justice Information Sharing (WIJIS) matters performs other dutes as may be directed by the Governor
Facilitating the exchange of justice information among state and local justice agencies
Statistical Analysis Center (SAC)
Justice data analysis and reportingOther OJA Justice Programs
OJA has a unique and system wide perspective with regard to Wisconsin’s criminal justice system.
Neutral view of the justice system elements and their needs
Testing ground for innovative justice programs
Stakeholders provide direct feedback loop for criminal justice priorities and successful projects
David Steingraber, Executive Director 266-7488
Alison Poe, Deputy Director 264-9312
Dennis Schuh, Justice Programs Manager 266-7682
Tami Jackson, Public Affairs/Legislative Liaison 266-6476
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