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World War II. Click on the picture to get an overview of WWII!. Created by White Knoll Elementary School 5th Grade Team. 1919-1923: Germany

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slide1

World War II

Click on the picture to get an overview of WWII!

Created by

White Knoll Elementary School

5th Grade Team

slide2

1919-1923: Germany

Following the Treaty of Versailles on November 11, 1918, the first World War ends and Germany accepts the terms of the Treaty: mass reductions in the size of their military, war reparations, reduction of territory, and accepting responsibility for World War I. Germany wanted to get revenge for the Treaty by taking over the countries in Europe.

1933: Hitler became Chancellor of Germany

·Germans believed that they were superior to others.

Click the paperclip above

for more info

slide3

Rise of Dictators

Hitler: Germany

Mussolini: Italy

Stalin: USSR

Hideki Tojo: Japan

What is a dictator and who were the major players in WWII? Click the postcard to see more!

·Fascism: a political movement that exalts the nation or race above the individual. This type of government is headed by a dictator, and everyday life is controlled by the government. If a person or group defies the government, strict force is used to suppress the ideas of freedom. Hitler took this idea of government and created his own type of Fascism: Nazism.

·Communism: a theory advocating elimination of private property, and a system in which goods are owned in common and are available to all as needed. This type of government is also ruled by a dictator. The leader of the Soviet Union, Joseph Stalin, was a Communist dictator. Although he and Hitler were often thought to be allies, they in fact were in conflict with one another.

·Appeasement: Many countries in Europe tried to keep the peace by agreeing to the demands of Hitler. This position of appeasement ended when Hitler decided to invade Poland.

slide4

Axis Powers

Japan

Germany

Italy

Allied Powers

Great Britain

Soviet Union

Canada

United States

slide5

The United States Begins to get

Involved in World War II

·The United States wanted to remain neutral, just like they did in World War

-Isolationism

-Wanted to focus on issues at home (Great Depression)

·President Roosevelt tried to help out the Allies by lending military supplies to Britain, France, and the Soviet Union. Many people did not support Roosevelt's decision because they felt it might lead us into war.

slide6

December 7, 1941

"A date which will live in infamy!"

-Franklin D. Roosevelt

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=1e6h9h7ky0E

Click the picture above to

see a video clip about the

attack on Pearl Harbor.

Pearl Harbor Video Clip

(Stop at 6:40)

http://www.nationalgeographic.com/pearlharbor/ax/frameset.html

National Geographic

Pearl Harbor Timeline

http://www.youtube.com/watch?v=3VqQAf74fsE

President Roosevelt's Pearl

Harbor Speech

slide7

The Draft

·There were not enough men to fight in the war, so the United States implemented a draft.

·The draft required all men who were at least 18 years old to register for military service. If randomly chosen, they were to report for military service.

slide8

WWIIinEurope.pps

War Strategies

· Allies tried to stop the axis from invading other countries.

· Allied tried to sandwich axis powers in order to defeat them.

· Island hopping - taking over the islands in order to get to Japan.

Click here for a Power Point

of war strategies

slide9

War Time Technology

Aviation:

Improved bombers that could fly farther

Radar could spot enemy planes

Jets developed at the end of the war

After the war personal and business air travel grew because of the new technology

Click here for more

information

on aviation technology

slide10

War Time Technology

Communication:

·Secret codes developed during war

·Codes contributed to the development of computers that could break the codes

·First computers were room

sized machines

·Computer industry had grown

Click here for more

information on Code Talkers

during World War II

slide11

The Holocaust

Anne Frank's Life/The Secret Annex

"I live some of the horrors of 65 years ago everyday."

-Paul Arato, Hungarian Holocaust Survivor

"There is a place on earth that is a vast desolate wilderness, a place populated by the shadows of the dead in their multitudes, a place where the living are dead, where only death, hate, and pain exist."

-Giuliana Tedeschi, Holocaust Survivor

Meet the woman who hid the Franks (optional)

slide12

The Homefront

· The United States came together. and the economy was pulled out of the depression by the war effort.

Click here for more information

on women's roles in the war effort.

Women:

· Homemaking women were responsible for victory gardens.

· Some worked outside of the home, building airplanes, trucks, and

· ships in factories as supplies for the war effort.

· Rosie the Riveter became an icon for strong women!

· Were expected to go back to the home after war

· Many missed working and their experience helped lay the foundation for the Women’s Movement in the workforce.

slide13

The Homefront

African Americans

· Demanded the right to war time jobs - Roosevelt agreed.

· Moved to cities in the North and the Pacific Coast to work in a war time industry.

· Made military strides - Tuskegee Airmen, however they were still called upon to do

the most dangerous and dirtiest jobs and served in segregated units.

· Army was eventually desegregated after the war.

· Their experience helped lay the foundation for the Civil Rights Movement.

Click the picture to the right

for a video clip about African

Americans in the war.

Click the picture to the left

for a video clip about the

Tuskegee Airmen.

slide14

The Homefront

Japanese Americans

· Faced the most discrimination because of the Japanese attack on Pearl Harbor.

· Internment Camps - forced to leave homes and business and were imprisoned without the right to a trial or proof that they were disloyal.

· Japanese continued to be loyal to the US - some serving in the military.

slide15

Normandy: D-Day June 6, 1944

·The Allies storm the beach in Normandy, France and attack German forces.

·Later leads to the surrender of the Axis Powers...except for Japan who wants to fight until the last man is standing.

·Eventually leads to the end of war in Europe with Germany

Click the picture to the left to see

a video clip about the D-Day Invasion.

slide16

The President's Next Step....

·President Roosevelt died while in office and Vice President Harry Truman becomes President.

·Meanwhile, scientists successfully tested the first atomic bomb.

·New President Truman has an important decision to make....risk more American lives with an invasion on Japan OR drop an atomic bomb on Japan?

·Truman decides to drop two bombs; one in Nagasaki and one in Hiroshima, Japan.

·The atomic bomb destroys Japan and they surrender.....finally World War II is officially over!

Click picture to the

right for a video clip

about the atomic bomb.

slide17

Weaponry in World War II

Atom bomb

· Created by a team of scientists

· Albert Einstein: a Jewish German who fled to US in 1933 to escape Hitler. He convinced Roosevelt to start the Manhattan project to develop the atomic bomb. The atomic bomb was based on his work. He did not take part in creating the bomb.

· Atom bomb impacted economy

· Arms race started: countries around the world began to race to develop nuclear

ammunition. Nuclear energy is not only used for dangerous explosives but also as a clean

and renewable source of energy.

slide18

·Political boundaries changed – Germany is divided into four zones and occupied by the four allied powers.

·Governments changed – United States established a democracy in Japan. The

United States, Great Britain, and France created West Germany with their zones and made it democratic.

·Soviet Union – controlled East Germany and made it communist as well as many smaller countries.

·Berlin (the capital of Germany) is divided – it is actually located in East Germany

·The U.S. was a dominant world power after the war

·Soon the U.S. and Soviet Union would have conflict – Cold War

Results of the War

Click the picture to the

right for a video clip

about the Divided Berlin.

slide20

Attachments

World War II overview.mov

World War II.ppt

Dictators.ppt

WWIIinEurope.pps