Problems for Russia. I Russian Effort Weakened. A. By 1917, Russia had lost more men in 3 years, than in the previous 300. B. Russian army did not have the basics: food, clothes, shoes; OR equipment!. Problems for Russia. C. Czar Nicholas II of Russia was an absolute monarch
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I Russian Effort Weakened
A. By 1917, Russia had lost more men in 3 years, than in the previous 300.
B. Russian army did not have the basics: food, clothes, shoes; OR equipment!
C. Czar Nicholas II of Russia was an absolute monarch
and food shortages made the people desperate
F. Russians want out of the war
G. Nicholas II did not get out of war and did nothing for the people
II Russian revolution of March 1917
A. Nicholas II, last of the Romanov rulers of Russia, is driven out.
B. The 1st revolutionary leaders (Kerensky) did not get Russia out of the war.
III 2nd Russian revolution of Nov. 1917
A. Led by Vladimir Lenin- “peace, bread & land”- toppled Kerensky’s gov.
B. Lenin’s party: The Bolsheviks
(later the Communists) negotiate with Germany
IV Russia exits the war
A. Russia negotiates a separate peace with Germany
B. 1918 Treaty of Brest-Litovsk
1. harsh terms for Russia
2. Russia lost western
territory to Germany
3. Russia’s allies were not pleased
C. Revolutionaries execute the Czar and his family
V. War Ends
A. Oct-Ottoman empire withdraws from war
B. Early Nov: monarchy is toppled in A-H; empire splits
C. Austria and Hungry each sign
separate armistice with Allied Powers
D. Nov. 1918 Kaiser Wilhelm II abdicates
E. Germany becomes a republic
F. Nov. 11, 1918- armistice signed.
WAR IS OVER!!