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Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDS MOZAMBIQUE. Joao Arnaldo Vembane HIV and AIDS Technical Coordinator Email: himozsida@tvcabo.co.mz Bujumbura: 21 st February, 2011.

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Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDS

MOZAMBIQUE

Joao Arnaldo Vembane

HIV and AIDS Technical Coordinator

Email: himozsida@tvcabo.co.mz

Bujumbura: 21st February, 2011


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE

Four phases

2003 – 2005: EU (USD 1,500,000) and UNICEF (USD 242,505)

2005 – 2007: CNCS (USD 400,000)

2007 – 2009: UNICEF (USD 900,000) and MEDICOR (USD 500,000)

2010 – 2011: UNICEF (USD 655,000)


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE

Phase one:

Manica (Machaze, Mossurize, Macossa)

Sofala (Beira, Dondo, Nhamatanda, Chibabava e

Marrumeu) and Tete (Mutara and Chiuta)

Phase two: June 2005 – August 2007

Manica (Dst. Machaze, Mossurize, Macossa)

Phase three: July 2007 – December 2009

Manica (Dst. Machaze, Mossurize, Macossa, Guro)

, Sofala (Marringue, Gorongosa, Chibabava)

Phase four: March 2010 – December 2011

Manica (Dst. Machaze, Mossurize, Macossa, Guro),

Sofala (Marringue, Gorongosa, Chibabava, Buzi)


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE

  • The Context of HIV and OVC

    • 20,226,296 million Mozambicans – 55% woman

    • More than 50% of Moz population under 18 years

    • HIV Prevalence, in 2009 is 15% (Ep. Sur. Rnd)

    • In 2005, about 1.6 million (18%) of children were orphans. 20 percent due to AIDS, increasing to 50% by 2010. Children with disabilities estimated around 1,0 million (10%)

    • Vulnerability of Children worsens poverty of families

    • Vulnerability worsens degradation of Children’s Rights

    • Lack awareness about children rights and available services

    • Bureaucracy is another limiting aspect to access services


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE

  • National Responses to HIV and OVCs

    • Within the “three-ones principles” OVCs are within the mitigation pillar of AIDS NSP

    • MMAS (a new ministry) with the mandate to develop and coordinate responses to vulnerable groups

    • PACOV (by MMAS) prioritizes on: 1) family and community responses; 2) capacity building to institutions; 3) multisectorial coordinated responses; and 4)Quality M&E framework

    • Limited capacity of MMAS to follow up implementation of PACOV at province and district levels

    • CBOs prioritize initiatives on food and water


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE

  • Overall Objective

    • To contribute to the materialization of the National Strategic Plan on HIV and AIDS (NSP) and the Action Plan for orphans and vulnerable children (PACOV) implementation

  • Specific Objective:

    • Support community initiatives that take responsibility for the health and social welfare of children affected by the AIDS epidemic


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE

  • Expected Results

    1. Governmental response to OVCs’ basic needs is improved by a developed Community-based “Identification /Sensitization /Orientation” (ISO) system

    2. OVCs and their foster families living conditions are improved by Community-based Organizations programs

    3. Community awareness about HIV and AIDS and OVCs’ rights is increased


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE

District

Multisectorial Nucleos

District

District Consultive

Comittees

Admn. Post

Cons. Coms.

Administrative

Post

ISO System

MOBILIZERS

Local Forums

Locality

Public Services

Volunteers

Outreach

Actions

CI

Community

OVCs and

Families

Direct Supports


M e strategy
M&E Strategy Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDS

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE

DPMAS/HI Staff

Database

Province

Monthly Statistical Framework

DDMAS/HI Staff

District

Mobilizers

Admn. Post

Monthly data Summary

Volunteers

Identification formats,CBOs

OVCs/Families and Communities

Locality


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE

  • Main Obstacles

    • Availability of resources to implement the closing phase of the project as per needs

    • Monitoring system that guarantees that data will not be duplicated

    • Sustainability of data flow with volunteers is a huge challenge

    • Lack of Social Action related human resources (in quantity and quality) at district level for the DSMAS

    • Nationaly the Multisectorial Dynamic is becoming weak

    • Capacities of CBOs to adapt their initiatives to contexts challenging (for example in time of droughts)


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE

  • Main Lessons Learnt

    • ISO actors need to be trained on their specific roles

    • CBOs need more visibility by implementing more initiatives, thus reducing the quantity of CBOs

    • Work of volunteers and mobilizers with CBOs should be coordinated to avoid duplication and exclusion

    • Involvement of local authorities and leaders on M&E is needed

    • MMAS representatives should lead the processes of monitoring cases identified and provide responses

    • HIV Prevention and SRH strategies focused on OVCs are crucial


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE

  • Main Documentation Produced

    • Volunteers, CBOs and family guidelines on care for OVCs

    • Training Manual for OVC related community actors (Volunteers and CBOs)

    • Serial Album on the promotion of Children Rights

    • An informative Bulletin – newsletter


Joao arnaldo vembane hiv and aids technical coordinator email himozsida tvcabo co mz

Governmental and Communities Capacities Reinforcement to Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDSMOZAMBIQUE

  • Ways Forward

    • A project on HIV prevention and SRH for Children

    • Mainstreaming of Disability consistently

    • Replication of project experiences in other geographic settings

    • Formalize the database within the National networks of OVCs and coordination bodies


Networking lobby and advocacy
Networking, Lobby and Advocacy Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDS

  • NUMCOV – OVC Multisectorial Dynamic

  • Minimum Standards on OVCs

  • NAIMA+

  • Civil Society and AIDS NSP

  • HPG

  • PPF

  • UN Convention on Rights of PWDs

  • Partnerships with National Networks


Thank you
Thank You Design Adapted Responses to Orphans and Vulnerable Children Affected by HIV and AIDS