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Freedom of Information frameworks:Using actionable indicators to evaluate design and performance By Stephanie E. Trapnell May 19, 2011 Presentation at the First Global Conference on Transparency Research, Rutgers University, Newark, NJ THE WORLD BANK
Outline • Actionable Governance Indicators (AGI) • Freedom of Information • Legal framework indicators • Draft implementation indicators • Annex: Public Accountability Mechanisms (PAM)
Actionable Governance Indicators Measurement and Actionability
Data: for whom? Policymakers need data on design features and capacities to make strategic decisions Managers and examiners need productivity data to improve performance Citizens and “Info”mediaries (NGOs, Media) want to know the impact of the FOI system on the behavior of officials. Oversight committees often require data on productivity, impact, and citizen engagement.
What makes an AGI? • Specific object of measurement: moving from governance concepts (transparency) to governance systems (access to information). Governance concepts Governance systems Efficiencyof courts Financial disclosure Corruption Budgeting Voice Access to Information Rule of Law Oversight institutions Public financial management Social accountability
Actionability, i.e., establish link between actions and indicator values
What do AGIs measure? Design (or rules of the game) provides the parameters and guidelines for implementation Intermediate outcomes Immediate Impacts Changes in the behavior of citizens, public officials, or governments that can be traced back to the performance of governance systems. Capability of system to perform required tasks within the existing institutional arrangements and using available capacities Resources that underpin the performance of tasks and functions
Utilizing Actionability • Determinants of performance: design + capacities • Quality and productivity of performance • Behavioral changes reflected in immediate impacts:
Legal Framework indicators Freedom of Information Public Accountability Mechanisms, 2010 https://www.agidata.org/pam
Access to Information Laws in PAM Data Set • Countries in the PAM dataset • PAM countries with right to information • PAM countries with specific ATI/RTI law
Implementation Indicators Draft as of May 19, 2011
Timing of Data Collection Baseline assessment every 2-3 years Periodic evaluation (annually, quarterly, etc) Annual stocktaking
Formulating goals, considering impacts For any given freedom of information system, any or all of the following goals are possible: • improve efficiency of the public sector • enhance credibility of government • regularly and reliably provide government documents to public • educate public on significance of transparent government • facilitate appropriate/relevant use of information in the lives of individuals In specific contexts, these goals may be refined or expanded as necessary.
Next steps • Pilot FOI implementation indicators in 5-10 countries in spring 2011 (looking for volunteers!) • Roll out FOI implementation indicators/data in summer 2011 • Update FOI legal framework indicators in 2012
Thank you! For more information please contact: Stephanie E. Trapnell, firstname.lastname@example.org Francesca Recanatini, email@example.com
Public Accountability Mechanisms The PAM Initiative brings forward detailed and regularly updated data on efforts to enhance the transparency and accountability systems in a sample of 88 countries worldwide. https://www.agidata.org/pam
5 areas of inquiry/ 2 stages Legal framework (in law) Implementation (in practice)
Products available on PAM website https://www.agidata.org/pam