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Welcome! APNIC Training Proposal for the collaborative development of a common Internet educational curriculum APAN 23 26 January 2007 Manila Cecil Goldstein [email protected] Overview:

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Welcome apnic training l.jpg

Welcome!APNIC Training

Proposal for the collaborative development of a common Internet educational curriculum

APAN 2326 January 2007


Cecil [email protected]

Overview l.jpg

This presentation seeks to propose an initiative for collaboration between APNIC and educational institutions in the AP region to develop, maintain, share and deliver teaching material about the structure, operation and current state of the Internet.

Agenda l.jpg

  • Background and motivation

  • About APNIC

  • Relevant topics in operational Internet education

  • Advantages and benefits

  • Operational model

  • Invitation

Background and motivation l.jpg
Background and motivation

  • The Internet today

  • The tasks and difficulties facing educationalists

  • Views on the state of Internet knowledge taught

  • Response and motivation

The internet today l.jpg
The Internet today

  • Dynamic

  • Evolving

  • Devolving

  • Esoteric

  • Commercially driven

  • Conflicting views

  • Jurisdiction and legalities

  • Governance

  • Technologies

  • Exposed

  • Targetted

  • A resource, a source, a repository

The problem for educationalists l.jpg
The problem for educationalists

  • In the face of this constantly changing and evolving Internet environment, educationalists are faced with the task of having to prepare future network professionals with both the theoretical concepts of internetworking as well as an understanding of the practical operation and functionality of the Internet as it currently applies.

The difficulties l.jpg
The difficulties:

  • Maintaining own currency

    • Technologies

    • Operation

    • Structure

    • Management and policy

  • Untangling the complexities

  • Knowing what to present

  • Sourcing and maintaining material

  • Practical exposure

The current situation l.jpg
The current situation

  • This is not scientific!!!! Based on:

    • Own experience

    • Other’s experience

    • Anecdotal

    • Operator experience

    • Observed operational issues

  • Concepts, theories presented well

  • Practical knowledge of the structure, operation, management of the Internet is lacking

  • Students are lacking practical, relevant understanding

Response and motivation l.jpg
Response and motivation

  • Reaction to some initial discussion has indicated that academics, students and those involved in the operation of the Internet clearly endorse the need to effectively provide such knowledge and understanding in teaching programs.

  • Improvement in Internet knowledge for network professionals will enhance

    • Productivity

    • Efficiency

    • Progress

    • Best Practice

About apnic l.jpg

  • APNIC is ideally positioned to support such an initiative

    • AP organisation

    • Focussed on supporting Internet operation through supporting its members

    • Strong emphasis on training, education and outreach to also promote Internet development

    • Core resources

      • Members are Internet operators (ISPs, Telcos other NW operators)

      • Training and Education Unit

      • Remote access training lab

      • Strong ties and involvement with Internet management and leadership organisations

      • Close support from Internet technology subject specialists

What is apnic12 l.jpg
What is APNIC?

  • Regional Internet Registry (RIR)for the Asia Pacific Region

    • Regional authority for Internet Resource distribution

    • IP addresses (IPv4 and IPv6), AS numbers, in-addr.arpa delegation

  • Membership-based organisation

    • Established 1993

    • Non-profit, neutral and impartial

      Not operations forum

      Not standards development

The rir structure l.jpg
The RIR structure

  • Five RIRs today

    • Open

    • Transparent

    • Neutral and impartial

  • Addresses distributed fairly

    • Based on need

    • No discrimination

  • Not for profit membership organisation

    • Membership open to all interested parties

    • Bottom up, industry self-regulatory structure

  • Policies developed by industry at large

    • Through open policy processes

What is the apnic community l.jpg
What is the APNIC community?

  • Open forum in the Asia Pacific

    • Open to any interested parties

  • Voluntary participation

  • Decisions made based on consensus

  • Public meetings

  • Mailing lists

    • web archived

The apnic community l.jpg

APNIC Internet Community

APNIC Members




The APNIC community!

  • Open forum in the Asia Pacific

    • Open to any interested parties

Global Internet Community




ISP Associations

  • A voice in regional Internet operations through participation in APNIC

Apnic structure l.jpg
APNIC structure

  • Industry self-regulatory structure

    • Participation by those who use Internet resources

    • Consensus-based decision making

      • Eg. Policy changes, db requirements etc

    • Open and transparent

  • Meetings and mailing lists

    • Open to anyone

      • http://www.apnic.net/meetings/22/index.html

    • http://www.apnic.net/community/lists/index.html

What does apnic do l.jpg

  • IPv4, IPv6, ASNs

  • Reverse DNS delegation

  • Resource registration

    • Authoritative registration server

      • whois

  • Facilitating the policy

  • development process

  • Implementing policy changes

Policy development

Resource service

Training & Outreach

  • APNIC meetings

  • Web and ftp site

  • Publications, mailing lists

  • Outreach seminars

  • http://www.apnic.net/community/lists/

Information dissemination

  • Training

    • Internet Resource management

    • Technical workshops and tutorials

  • Subsidised for members


  • http://www.apnic.net/training

What does APNIC do?

Why a policy l.jpg
Why a policy?

  • Long term interests of the Internet requires prudent management of address space

  • While address management is not a pure “technical” issue, mismanaged management can severely impact Internet operation.

    • routing tables

    • filtering and accessibility

    • Imbalance of distribution

Policy development l.jpg
Policy development

  • Industry self-regulatory process

    • Policy is developed by the AP Internet community to suit needs of region

    • Facilitated by RIR staff

  • Policy implementation

    • APNIC shares with its members and their customers a collective responsibility

      • RIR process

      • ISPs and other affected parties

Policy principles l.jpg
Policy Principles

  • Address space not freehold property

    • Understanding that globally unique address space is licensed for use – not owned

  • Routability not guaranteed

  • Minimum allocation is defined

Participation in policy development l.jpg
Participation in policy development

  • To be aware of the current policies for managing address space allocated.

  • Business reasons

    • Policies affect business operating environments and are constantly changing

    • Ensure ‘needs’ are met

  • Educational

    • Improve operational capabilities and practices

    • Learn and share experiences

    • Stay abreast with ‘best practices’ in the Internet

    • Facilitate Internet development

  • Policy development process23 l.jpg
    Policy Development Process



    Anyone can participate







    Internet community proposes and approves policy

    All decisions & policies documented & freely available to anyone

    The policy development process l.jpg
    The policy development process






    to AMM



    Meeting discussion


    (4 w before meeting)




    Comment period

    (8 weeks)


    (3 months)

    EC endorsement

    You can participate!

    More information about policy development can be found at:


    An operational education what can or should be taught l.jpg
    An operational education - what can or should be taught?

    • A curriculum can be developed to focus on the operational knowledge, understanding and capabilities a network professional should acquire to effectively function in the prevailing Internet environment

    Topics and issues some examples l.jpg
    Topics and Issues – some examples

    • While a curriculum would be the subject for collaborative development, there are a number of clearly defined areas that should be included:

    • Many of these may currently already be part of some courses.

    • However, the would still be scope to provide support, currency, consistency and operational input.

    Topics l.jpg

    • Internet addressing

      • Issues

        • Classfull addressing still emphasised

        • Lack of understand of management and allocation policies

      • Topics

        • CIDR

        • Acquiring address space

        • Managing address space

        • Policies

    • Governance and policy

    • Legal issues

    Topics28 l.jpg

    • Operation

      • ISPs

      • Transit providers

      • IXs

    • Structure and connectivity

    • Peering

    • Multi-homing

    • IPv6 – its current state

    • Economics of the Internet

    Topics ctd l.jpg
    Topics ctd…….

    • Security concerns

      • Spam

      • Attacks

    • Security measures

      • Intrusion detection

      • Darknets

      • Bogon filtering

      • CA routing

      • Forensics

    • Root servers – mirroring and anycasting

    • Traffic engineering

    Topics ctd30 l.jpg
    Topics ctd…

    • Aggregation

      • Issues

        • Impact on routing and the routing table

    • Internet leadership and management Organisations

      • Roles and interrelationships eg:

        • ICANN/IANA, RIR structure, ISOC, IAB, IETF, IGF, Operator Groups (NOGs), APRICOT, APAN

    • Resources and Information

      • Routing report

      • CIDR report

    Advantages and benefits l.jpg
    Advantages and Benefits

    • Common, consistent and relevant material

    • Procedures for update and currency maintenance

    • Industry input

    • Modularity – shared development

    • Local emphasis

    • Local language support

    • Expert input and review

    • Professional development - preparatory workshops, seminars, guidance for teachers

    Possibilities l.jpg

    • International funding

    • Vendor support

    • ISP internships

    • Participation in Internet forums,meetings

    • Operational experience

    • Affiliations and associations

    Outcomes l.jpg

    The effective implementation of such a program would hopefully result in networking professionals entering the industry more prepared, aware and appropriately skilled, therefore enhancing Internet operation and development in the constituent communities

    Operational model suggestion only l.jpg
    Operational Model (suggestion only)

    • Initial mailing list for interested parties

    • Nominations to a working group

    • Development of curriculum and action plan

    • Establishment of working parties

      • Interaction with experts, operators, industry

      • Building of website, material store

      • Program for delivery and support

    Next steps invitation l.jpg
    Next steps….. Invitation

    • If you are interested, please email me at

      [email protected]

    • If you are interested in being involved in a working group, please indicate in your email

    Thank you!!